Archive | August, 2015

Arts History Update for early September 2015

24 Aug

Arts History Update for early September 2015 by David Cummins

Google became a holding company named Alphabet and its subsidiaries are Google, Calico, Nest, Google Ventures, Fiber, Google Capital, Google X and Sidewalk Labs. Sixteen years after its founding Alphabet is overseen by co-founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin, and chief financial officer Ruth Porat.


Born in 1941 in Tacoma Washington, Dale Chihuly was introduced to glass while studying interior design at the University of Washington. After graduating in 1965 Chihuly enrolled in the first glass program in the country, at the University of Wisconsin. He continued his studies at the Rhode Island School of Design (RISD), where he later established the glass program. In 1968, after receiving a Fulbright Fellowship, he went to work at the Venini glass factory in Venice. There he observed the team approach to blowing glass, which is critical to the way he works today. In 1971 Chihuly co-founded Pilchuck Glass School in Washington State. With this international glass center, Chihuly led the avant-guarde in the development of glass as a fine art. His work is included in more than 200 museum collections worldwide. He is the recipient of many awards, including twelve honorary doctorates and two fellowships from the National Endowment for the Arts.

Chihuly created more than a dozen well-known series of works, among them Cylinders and Baskets in the 1970s; Seaforms, Macchia, Venetians, and Persians in the 1980s; Niijima Floats and Chandeliers in the 1990s; and Fiori in the 2000s. He is also celebrated for large architectural installations. In 1986 he was honored with a solo exhibition, Dale Chihuly objets de verre, at the Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Palais du Louvre in Paris. In 1995 he began Chihuly Over Venice, for which he created sculptures at glass factories in Finland, Ireland, and Mexico, then installed them over the canals and piazzas of Venice.

In 1999 Chihuly started an ambitious exhibition Chihuly in the Light of Jerusalem; more than 1 million visitors attended the Tower of David Museum to view his installations. In 2001 the Victoria and Albert Museum in London curated the exhibition Chihuly at the V&A. Chihuly’s lifelong fascination for glasshouses has grown into a series of exhibitions within botanical settings. His Garden Cycle began in 2001 at the Garfield Park Conservatory in Chicago. Chihuly exhibited at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, near London, in 2005. Other major exhibition venues include the de Young Museum in San Francisco in 2008; the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston in 2011; and the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts in 2013.

Chihuly Garden and Glass, a long-term exhibition, opened at Seattle Center in 2012


Here is information about three new social media platforms Noname, Whisper and Snapchat that people can use to communicate personally but anonymously and with no ability for the recipient or others to trace or identify the communicant. It is the opposite of personal accountability and responsibility and seems to be a growth industry.

App “Noname” ( that was developed by Ben Anor and his app developing company, will help you start a conversation anonymously with someone that you know. No chance that you will be rejected personally, if you start a conversation with a girl that you like. No chance that authorities can trace your chat with another person.

No history, nothing is saved on the servers, no one can trace the source of the messages or see the content of the messages. Phone contacts of users are not saved on the servers as well – Noname creates a database of phones inside a phone of user. Everything is fully anonymous. Noname uses peer-to-peer (P2P) technology, using which nothing leaves traces. “Noname” is being released in the Apple App Store and Google Play Store

Noname is a new ideology that people should be able to say anything to their contacts anonymously and also personally. “Noname” has recently been launched and customers are using it today. “Initial tracking shows us that we are experiencing viral success as the number of users is increasing exponentially.” – said Ben Anor – CEO of the company.

Noname” provides a new channel for communication between people who desire to say something personally and stay fully anonymous.


Whisper allows its users to send messages anonymously, and to receive replies. Users post messages like greeting cards, where text is displayed over an image and everyone can see it. The app was launched in March 2012 under the original name WhisperText by CEO Michael Heyward and Brad Brooks, who is the CEO of mobile messaging service TigerText.

Anyone can post in Whisper – an anonymous message as a text overlaid on a picture. When you open the app, you see six such images. Each one has a “secret” on it. You can respond to a message publicly or privately, choosing a public anonymous post or a private pseudonymous chat. Users don’t have a public identity in the app. While they do have persistent handles, there’s no way to contact them except *through* the messages they post.


Snapchat” is a photo messaging application developed by Evan Spiegel, Bobby Murphy, and Reggie Brown. In “Snapchat” users can take photos, record videos, add text and drawings, and send them to a controlled list of recipients. These photographs and videos are called “Snaps”. After 1 to 10 seconds the “Snaps” will be hidden from the recipient’s device and deleted from Snapchat’s servers.

Snapchat” users are sending 700 million photos and videos per day. The company has a valuation of $10-$20 billion.

While Whisper allows communication publicly, “Noname” supports only one-on-one messaging. Noname CEO commented that supporting of group chats demands saving the data on the servers. Thus Noname technically cannot support group chats.

While Whisper raised $60m, Snapchat raised US$485k in its seed round and in June 2013 Snapchat raised $60m in a funding round led by venture-capital firm Institutional Venture Partners. Snapchat also appointed a new high-profile board member Michael Lynton of Sony’s American division.”

Tex Randall (1959) was sculpted in concrete and steel by William “Harry” Wheeler in his high school metals shop [he was the teacher] and placed at US Highway 60 / Hereford Highway on the west side of Canyon Texas. Randall is the county in which Canyon is the county seat, thus the name for a local cowboy could be Tex Randall. Much has happened to the 45 foot high statuary of a slouching cowboy over the years, but Canyon Main Street owns it and announced that this Summer and Fall a renovation / restoration project $350,000 will occur. Rudd-Palmer in Amarillo will perform the work. Here are pictures and the story


Art History Lecture Series on Friday mornings at Texas Tech Museum Jones Auditorium and Sculpture Court begins September 11 and extends through December 4, 2015 and picks up again on January 8 and extends through April 1, 2016 at 10:30 am visiting, coffee and announcements 11:00 am- noon lectures by Christian Conrad Ph.D. The topic for Fall semester is American Impressionism discussing the Armory Show New York City in 1913, Winslow Homer, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Grandma Moses, Grant Wood, Georgia O’Keeffe, Matthew Brady, Dorothea Lange, Edward Hopper, Thomas Hart Benton, and Norman Rockwell. Price is $40 per semester or $7 per session. If you need to try it out before you spend, the first two sessions each semester are free. This is a project of Museum of Texas Tech University Association comprised of member patrons of the museum

More information about the museum

From what did American impressionism emerge? Abbott Henderson Thayer, Virgin Enthroned (1891) expressed the turn of the century academic oil painting style and the ideals of American womanhood and domesticity. It sold to a private collector for $8,000 and its expression of Gilded Age Americana was featured prominently in the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago [World Fair] proclaimed by some as “the best work yet produced by an American artist”. Beginning in the 1890s immigration to the United States peaked and a steady flow of people transformed the nation. Alfred Stieglitz, The Steerage (1907) is a photograph that captured the mood and spirit of the times. Both the painting and photograph expressed the American cultural ideal of expressing our identity, who we are. The modern was thought to be who we are now, and to what extent does that differ from who we were then. Enter impressionism.


20th annual Texas Book Festival is in Austin October 17-18 10:00 am – 5:00 pm Saturday 11:00 – 5:00 pm Sunday and a good time is nearly guaranteed Free event but there are many ways to spend money while participating. The Friday Night First Edition Literary Gala at Four Seasons Hotel is one of them at $500 per person. Both readers and the rich and famous can enjoy this one.


Computer maintenance and repair

My laptop computer’s battery began to fail, i.e. it wouldn’t gain 100% charged status and it slowed down the way the computer operated. The good news is that a battery alert dialogue box message came onto the monitor to alert me and gently advise considering a replacement for the battery.

That sent me into search mode for a Dell Inspiron 1525 laptop so I went to the Dell website and found my replacement battery for $169. I thought that exorbitant so studied battery characteristics and discovered standard and extended run time, and that how many cells are in the row within a battery is a differential, six cells being standard and nine cells better, twelve cells quite powerful. Capacity of a battery is measured by mAh or miliampere hours or the total amount of energy a battery can store at any one time measured as one one thousandth of an ampere hour. For what I do with a typical laptop, nine cells is all I need and 6,000 mAh is all I need. Went back to Dell and found it for $169. Then I went online and found a nine cell lithium-ion battery that fits Dell Inspiron 1525 for $75.90. Then I went to a store in Lubbock where computers are custom-built and the gentleman told me that batteries are notorious for occasionally being defective or having a short service life of 3-6 months. He recommended that I purchase online from in Valencia California and that I purchase its own brand battery that it makes in-house. I went online and the six cell standard battery to replace my Dell battery is $30 and the nine cell extended run time replacement battery, voltage 11.1 capacity 6,600 mAh is $34. I purchased it and it was Fed Exed to me and installed it. Am very happy.

My battery charger/recharger device that plugs into a power source is still good so I did not replace it but has one for sale at $21.59. Shopping for high quality lower priced computer parts is worth a portion of my time and effort and perhaps yours.

A safety note about lithium-ion rechargeable batteries, in which the lithium ions move between the anode and the cathode using an intercalated lithium compound as the electrode material. An electrolyte and two electrodes are the constituent components of a lithium-ion battery cell. The electrolyte is flammable and must be kept intact and pressurized, as there is a safety hazard. If the laptop computer is used as normally intended and not bounced around when traveling [most people have a padded case for traveling with a laptop], and when the laptop is disposed of, it is deposited with a firm that knows how to recycle laptops, the risk of harm is minimal to infinitesimal. We should not worry ourselves unnecessarily, especially when we traveled many miles in automobiles with lead-acid batteries that occasionally leaked. We accepted and survived a much higher level of risk when doing that. Today’s automobile batteries are less hazardous but there is a safety hazard there that we manage.

Heda Bloch Margolius Kovaly 1919-2010ály is author of

I Do Not Want to Remember: Auschwitz 1941-Prague 1968 (transl. E. Kohak, Weidenfeld and Nicolsen 1973);

Under a Cruel Star: A Life in Prague 1941-1968 (transl. Franci Epstein, Plunkett Lake Press 1986) memoir love story Texas Tech Library DB 2211.K68 A3;

The Victors and the Vanquished (transl. E. Kohak, Horizon Press 1973) Texas Tech Library DB 215.5.K69 A3;

Prague Farewell (transl. Franci Epstein, Victor Gollancz 1988)

and then the Czech holocaust memoirist, literary translator, and political exile turned her pen to fiction for Innocence, or Murder on Steep Street (transl. Alex Zucker, Soho Crime 2015) 231 pages Lubbock Public Library FIC KOVA 2 copies $18.35 hardcover $14.16 e-book, $14.95 forthcoming paperback March 2016.

After surviving internment at Auschwitz and learning that her parents with whom she arrived were gassed to death, Heda escaped from a death march and made her way back to Prague and joined an underground resistance group. After the war and a happy marriage her husband Margolius was arrested in the 1952 show trial of Rudolph Slansky and hanged. In 1968 Heda joined her second husband Kovaly in exile in the United States. She worked as a literary translator and in the Harvard Law School Library as a reference assistant librarian. In the early 1980s she wrote a novel Innocence, it was published by a German publisher under a pseudonym, and largely forgotten. She and her husband retired to the Czech Republic in 1996. Posthumously the novel was published in the Czech Republic in 2013 and in English in 2015. The novel is set in 1952 Prague at a cinema named The Horizon and the ordinary lives that are affected by the culture of Stalinism are on display. The author spells them out as she spins them on to their unexpected oblivion.

Hegel the German philosopher told us in Phenomenology of Spirit that actions, even seemingly small, meaningless actions, always reach beyond their intent. The impossibility of foreseeing how the consequences of actions will ripple outwards, does not absolve us of guilt for wrong actions. The author who suffered greatly at the hands of Nazis and Communists, wants us all to know that there is no such thing as innocence.


Arts History Update for late August 2015

17 Aug

Arts History Update for late August 2015 by David Cummins

Writers of the Purple Sage is the current exhibit on western literature in the main gallery at National Ranching Heritage Center at Texas Tech University and

Another exhibit is The Art of Edgar Sotelo August 22- November 21 with an opening free reception on Saturday August 22 from 4:30 – 7:00 pm Sotelo currently lives in Sulphur Springs Texas and came to Texas Tech as a student from Mexico graduating in 1988.


Innovation Hub at Research Park at Texas Tech University was formally opened on Wednesday August 5 and here are some photos and discussion on the event It is the first of a projected six buildings at Research Park and is located on the south side of 4th Street west of Texas Tech Parkway and east of Quaker Avenue across the street from US Department of Agriculture’s Agriculture Research Services and Education facility with programs in cropping systems, cotton production and processing, plant stress and germ/plasm development, wind erosion and water conservation 3810 4th Street.

The 29 million dollar building is intended to yield a LEED Certification at the Gold level but of course that will happen or not happen as the building is tested for its energy saving smart technology consequences and effective use of recycled materials, not hopes or predictions. Within 18 months we should have a certification awarded. LEED = leadership in energy and environmental design.

A public art exterior sculpture by Marco Cianfanelli will be installed soon


Leap Before You Look: Black Mountain College 1933-1957 is an exhibit at Boston’s Institute of Contemporary Art October 10 – January 24, 2016 The cover for the exhibit catalog is a photograph of Merce Cunningham striking a pose on the grass at Black Mountain in Asheville North Carolina in 1952 or 1953, taken by Hazel Larsen Archer.

There is now a Black Mountain College Museum and Arts Center in Asheville but alas no liberal arts college or interdisciplinary exploration of the avant guarde as it closed in 1957

Sylvia Ashby, a Lubbock resident today, was resident at Black Mountain in the 1940s and has wonderful tales to tell. Sylvia is multi-talented but known mostly as a playwright and poet, fifty of the latter in the last two years. Some of her poems have been accepted and will appear later in a Black Mountain Anthology of Poetry.


Coronado’s journal entries on the 1541 trek from Pecos Pueblo in contemporary New Mexico to Pawnee Indians on a Kansas river were interpreted in Spain as referring to staked plains or Llano Estacado but some scholars believe that he intended to use the word for ponds or small bodies of water el estanque so our area of habitation might be more accurately but less elegantly called Llano Estanque or plains with ponds rather than staked plains. A good topographic map of the Llano has numerous light blue ponds marked out.


A donated statuary of Zeus is now installed outside the west entrance to Texas Tech Main Library a nice compliment to the bronze statuary of Prometheus outside the east and main entrance to the Library. Zeus in bronze rests on a very large rock secured from the desert south of Alpine Texas.


If Ansel Adams 1902-1984 was an early and distinctive fine art photographer of the American West landscape, Edward S. Curtis 1868-1952 was an early recordation photographer ethnologist of Amerindians. Born in Wisconsin raised in Minnesota the family moved to Seattle Washington in 1887 and Edward worked in another’s photography studio before opening Curtis & Guptill Photographers and Photoengravers. His budding career with portrait commercial and scenery work was rocking along when in 1895 he met Kickisomio 1820-1896 a Duwamish daughter of legendary Chief Sealth for whom Seattle was named. She scavenged the shoreline in tattered clothes and was referred to by Seattle residents mockingly if not cruelly, as Princess Angeline. Curtis photographed her,_1896.jpg in portraiture but more tellingly in her performance of activities The Mussel Gatherer and The Clam Digger. Entered into competitions 1896-1897 they won prizes and he felt his destiny. By 1900 Curtis was commissioned and left for Montana to photograph the Blackfoot Confederacy people. By 1906 J.P. Morgan financed the project at $75,000 and the first book The North American Indian (1907) was published. Another was Indian Days of the Long Ago (1915). The entire project of twenty volumes is archived at the Curtis Collection at Northwestern University in Evanston Illinois Early on Curtis explored motion picture capabilities and in 1914 produced and released In the Land of the Head-Hunters a motion picture depicting Amerindians of the northwest coast.

Photographing culture requires admission to parts of the culture and observing boundaries set by the people who are approached. Curtis lived among Amerindians for long periods of time and won their respect and tolerance of his photography mission. It was a rugged experience for him and required endurance and unflagging commitment.

I lived in Seattle Washington, strolled in the Duwamish headlands and know what he saw and photographed, have been to the Blackfoot Reservation in Montana, have been to the site of the Battle of White Bird Canyon in Idaho between the US Army and the Nez Perce, etc. so these photographs are instructive and meaningful. They desperately needed to be taken when Curtis took them or many of those scenes and people would be un-recorded, hazily remembered, badly interpreted by historians, and thus we as a people would mistake our own history.


Rawls College of Business Administration, a thriving college, is constructing an addition on the west side and the public art, under the one percent for art program, has been chosen by Facilities Planning & Construction Department at Texas Tech. It is Illuminated Arboreal Data Codes by Koryn Rolstad. It will be fabricated soon and is scheduled to be installed in July 2016.


Capitalism works. When solar energy is selected as a public policy and embraced as a renewable energy source, when goals are set, capitalists hunker down and get to expressing their talent. Photovoltaic cell panels were invented, produced, refined and re-refined, and now the price of panels is plunging and the cost of going solar is similar to the cost of fossil fuel produced power. Elon Musk [Tesla electric car fame] and others have gone to work to refine the storage of energy in batteries and their kin, so that users can draw from the storage battery when the sun is down or covered, or when the wind slows or calms to unproductive levels for wind turbines.

In 2008 Austin Energy contracted for a 30 megawatt solar project costing 16 cents per kilowatt hour while in 2015 it is contracting for a 600 megawatt project costing less than 4 cents per kilowatt hour.

Another renewable energy source for power is bio-mass power plants and one form of bio-mass is the switch grass, Johnson grass and other weeds that grow so abundantly on the South Plains, a natural basin for this form of bio-mass. The City of Lubbock Electric Utility Board on August 11 threw out the responses to its request for proposals for a 600 megawatt increased production of power for Lubbock Power & Light, and said that “it knows what direction it wants to go but can’t divulge that right at the moment”. I am hopeful that even though it might choose a natural gas supplied power plant for about 70% of future needs, that it will choose one or more bio-mass supplied power plants for about 30% of future needs, so as to get started down the renewable energy path, a lower carbon footprint, and lower contribution to climate change by atmospheric degradation and the problems that entails. I wrote to the EUB, Mayor and City Council with this proposal a year ago and hope that EUB is actively considering this solution.


Very sensible discussion of Syria and the Islamic State Sunni terrorists in Hugh Roberts, The Hijackers, London Review of Books, July 16, 2015, vol. 37 No. 14 at pages 5-10 Most reviews at the London Review of Books website are restricted to subscribers but a few like this one are not, a worthy public service.


The Light Within a 3 minute video that is mellifluous


California is a 21st century place with a major vibe home to 39 million people, but there are pockets of “the other California” one being the state east of the Sierra Nevada [snow-capped mountains]. For northern California above Sacramento that doesn’t exist because the state of Nevada is east of the Sierra, but for central California that pocket is the Owens River Valley. The Owens River flows south from Lake Crowley past Bishop CA to Lake Owens (now totally dry) south of Lone Pine CA in Inyo County. Inyo means dwelling of the great spirit in Paiute Indians language. The Owens River Valley was an access point into California for travelers including emigrants across the Great Basin of Nevada and Utah. It was explored by John C. Fremont and members of his expeditions in the 1840s and 1850s. The high Sierra is immediately west and not passable so travelers then went south through the Owens River Valley.

The way to get past the Sierra Nevada was to go south beyond Owens River Valley and past current China Lake Naval Air Warfare Station, and cross the lower Sierra at Walker Pass and come into Bakersfield and the San Joaquin Valley from the east. The southern route of the Old Spanish Trail crossed the Great Basin and skirted the southern edge of the Sierra Nevada by going through the Owens Valley or Death Valley into the Mojave Desert and then into the San Joaquin Valley. An alternative is crossing Tehachapi Pass elevation 4,031 feet twelve miles west of Mojave CA

Mary Hunter Austin 1868-1934 arrived in the Bakersfield area in 1888 and she married Mr. Austin there and they relocated first to Lone Pine and then built a home in Independence in the Owens River Valley. Their mentally retarded daughter was born in Independence in 1892. Mary became an internationally known writer of stories, plays, novels, and naturalist writings. She continued to write about the culture of the Owens River Valley even after she put her daughter in an institution and left in 1906 to reside in Carmel California, New York City and Santa Fe New Mexico where she died.

The Land of Little Rain (1903) is a memoir and naturalist writing of the landscape, people and culture of this high desert bounded on the west by the high Sierra and Kings Canyon National Park, and on the east by White Mountains Range in the upper Valley and Inyo Mountains Range in the lower Valley, east of that being Death Valley California. The 1950 third printing of The Land of Little Rain includes Ansel Adams photographs of the area and is in the Lubbock Public Library. We’re talking 5.6 inches rain per year on average, very hot in Summer and very cold in Winter although not snow-packed as that occurs at higher elevations. Between the White Mountains Range and the Inyo Mountains Range is Westgard Pass, the route to access the Owens River Valley from the east or Great Basin lands.

Independence CA where Mary Austin built a home and her daughter was born is the county seat of Inyo County and her house at 235 Market Street is preserved as a museum. Independence also contains the Eastern California Museum at 155 North Grant Street. Fort Independence Indian Reservation [Paiute] is just north of town. Eight miles south of Independence is Manzanar War Relocation Center a concentration camp or internment camp for Japanese Americans 1942-1945. Manzanar means apple orchard in Spanish. Kings Canyon National Park is immediately west of Independence and is reached by the Onion Valley Road. In her honor Mount Mary Austin was named and it is a peak 13,051 feet in elevation in the John Muir Wilderness east of the Sierra Crest and is only 8.5 miles west of Independence as the crow flies, where Mary Austin lived.

Indian tribes in Inyo County include  

  • Big Pine Band of Owens Valley Paiute Shoshone Indians of the Big Pine Reservation
  • Death Valley Timbi-Sha Shoshone Band of California
  • Fort Independence Indian Community of Paiute Indians of the Fort Independence Reservation
  • Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Bishop Community of the Bishop Colony
  • Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Lone Pine Community of the Lone Pine Reservation

Northwesterners recall the internment of Japanese Americans at Minidoka War Relocation Center in south Idaho 1942-1945 in Jerome County and Kooskia Idaho Internment Camp 1943-1945 on the Lochsa River six miles northeast of Lowell Idaho and 30 miles northeast of Kooskia Idaho, at a former CCC Civilian Conservation Corps camp of the 1930s President Roosevelt issued Executive Order # 9066 on February 19, 1942 calling for the rounding up and internment of ethnic Japanese whether or not American citizens. In California the main camps were Manzanar and Tule Lake Internment Camps. Richard Reeves, Infamy: The Shocking Story of the Japanese-American Internment in World War II (Henry Holt & Co 2015) Texas Tech Library D769.8.A6 R43.

Lone Pine, south of Independence, is immediately east of Sequoia National Park and Mount Whitney the state’s highest peak.

The verdant Owens River Valley lost its river when Los Angeles and the southern California basin sought and gained in 1906 the power to divert the Owens River into a Los Angeles Aqueduct for transport as the urban area’s potable water supply and thereafter purchased property including groundwater rights throughout the Valley. Indeed, when the federal government wanted to open Manzanar it leased the land from the City of Los Angeles.

A Southwest Woman and The Desert She Got: Stories and Poems by Mary Austin (1892-1915) (River Drafting Press 2011) $3 e-book 263 pages and Taos Pueblo (1930) with photographs by Ansel Adams, twelve of them.

Charles Fishman, How California is Winning the Drought, The New York Times Sunday Review, August 14, 2015


Arts History Update for mid August 2015

12 Aug

Arts History Update for mid August 2015 by David Cummins

Orson Welles was born in 1915 so it is the centenary of his birth. Here is an essay by Gore Vidal on Welles and another by Joseph McBride and another by Sanford Schwartz and another by Michael Wood

George Orson Welles 1915-1985 An eight foot bronze statuary of Welles is going up in Ronda Spain so he is far from forgotten.


A Night On the Last Frontier at the Perini Ranch Steakhouse, Buffalo Gap, Texas is Thursday October 29, 2015 at 7:00 -10:00 pm $150 per person. Make plans for a gala at which four-legged representatives of the Official State of Texas Longhorn Herd will be on view. The gala is sponsored by Friends of the Texas Historical Commission and there aren’t many of those events in northwest Texas.


College Football pre-season rankings Texas Christian # 2, Baylor # 4, Oklahoma # 19. In the Big XII Conference the pre-season poll is Texas Christian, Baylor, Oklahoma, Oklahoma State and Texas in the top five and West Virginia, Kansas State, Texas Tech, Iowa State and Kansas in the bottom five. Red Raider Head Coach Kliff Kingsbury is coming off a 4-8 season 2-7 conference and eighth place finish, picked to repeat.

College Basketabll pre-season rankings, this early? Kansas # 5, Iowa State # 7, Oklahoma # 8, Baylor # 17, and West Virginia # 20. Tubby Smith’s Red Raiders are not yet in the hunt.

College Women’s Soccer rankings include Texas Tech at # 15 in the nation. Go Red Raiders. Home opener Friday August 28 at 7:00 pm CDT in the John Walker Soccer Complex on campus.


Flatlands Dance Theatre Fall production is Texas Icons of Music: A Rockin’ Evening of Dance on October 23-24, 2015 at LHUCA Firehouse Theatre at 8:00 pm and its Spring production 2016 is Line and Light: An Evening of Dance and Visual Arts on April 2-3, 2016 at LHUCA Firehouse Theatre at 8:00 pm. These will be collaborations, in the Fall with musical legends of rock’n roll and in the Spring with paintings and other visual art. Artistic Director of Flatlands is Ali Duffy and the Executive Director is Kyla Olson both on the faculty at the School of Theatre and Dance at Texas Tech University [previously Department of Theatre and Dance but the name changes as of August 19, 2015].


A new free series is starting Saturday September 5 and it’s called Saturdays at LHUCA Exploring Contemporary Art. It begins with a talk by Christian Conrad Ph.D. on Repetition in Art at 11:30 – 12:30 pm in the Firehouse Theatre and is followed by a gallery talk by Kara Donatelli speaking about her use of repetition in the John F. Lott Gallery exhibition. Louise Hopkins Underwood Center for the Arts is located at 511 Avenue K in downtown Lubbock. Newcomers will find it between 5th Street and 6th Street [north to south] and between Avenue K and Avenue I [west to east]. Broadway Street is the equivalent of 12th Street and Main Street equivalent of 11th Street so it’s five short blocks north of the courthouse From the coins created to honor the emperors of the Roman Empire to the Brillo Boxes of Andy Warhol, multiples have always been a key component of western art. Join us for a discussion-based lecture where we explore the ideas behind multiples in art.” – Christian Conrad, Ph.D. Information on Kara Donatelli


This announcement arrived only hours before the event so it’s old news now but wanted to share that

Friends of the Library

Pre-sale of art, photography & architecture books

TODAY ONLY (Friday, August 7th)
Buddy Holly Center
1801 Crickets Avenue

For the first time EVER, Friends of Lubbock Libraries will offer excellent quality new and used books for sale before our Annual Fall Sale in September. These donated items are for sale at less than published online prices. Cash and checks only accepted.

This book sale is being held in conjunction with the First Friday Art Trail.

Friends of the Library (FOL) is a non-profit organization supporting, promoting and benefiting the Lubbock Public Library system and the Lubbock area community. It was incorporated in 1967 and held the first book sale in 1968. Books are also sold online at

The following is the ABE Books website page for Friends of the Lubbock Public Library where used books are offered for sale online. Notice the List this Seller’s Books tab, and click on it for a list of currently available books. More than a thousand books are listed, so this is not the best way to search for a book at ABE Books website. Notice that if you buy a book online here, it will show a shipping & handling charge but you can avoid that simply by clicking on the option to pick up your purchase at Mahon Library in Lubbock.

Some people including myself, when shopping at ABE Books, look for a book and after finding it and desiring to purchase it, then click on the Friends of the Lubbock Public Library page to see if it’s offered there and if so and it’s not too much of a higher price, I buy the book locally online through ABE. Anyone who invites you to spend more money than necessary should make a full disclosure. I am a Lifetime member of Friends of the Lubbock Public Library and happy to discriminate in its favor.


Former Lubbock resident Mac Davis returns to Lubbock for an outdoor concert Friday September 18, 2015 at Spirit Ranch in the meadow within Escondido Canyon [701 Regis Street west of Interstate Highway 27] a geographical feature within Blackwater Draw and thus part of the Brazos River watershed. Spirit Ranch is a tenant of the property owned by Randy Andrews of Graco Real Estate Development Co. Gates will open at 6:00 pm and food and beverage tents will be available to purchase snacks or dinner picnic style. Concert kicks off at 7:00 pm with The Gathering Band and then about 7:45 pm Mac Davis takes the stage. Tickets available at Select a Seat and this will be a sellout. VIP seating closest to the stage $100 per person, central seating (bring lawn chairs) $50, rear seating (bring lawn chairs and watch a monitor to see what’s happening on stage) $25

The opening musicians The Gathering Band include Junior Vasquez, Mickie Vasquez, Kenny Maines, Cary Banks and Mike Carraway.


Salem State University, Salem Massachusetts has 10,000 students. Montserrat College of Art with 370 students is on the campus of North Shore Music School in Beverly Massachusetts. and The two institutions have been in merger talks but recently decided not to merge. Here’s the lowdown Beverly is north and just across the Danvers River and Beverly Harbor from Salem which itself is 15 miles north of Boston on the coast. Beverly is historic as well as Salem


Malouf Abraham Family Arts Center at Wayland Baptist University includes Abraham Art Gallery on the atrium level of the Mabee Learning Resource Center building in Plainview phone 806-291-3710. Current exhibit September 1 – October 20, 2015 is Wild Land: Thomas Cole and the Birth of the American Landscape.

Malouf “Oofie” Abraham and Iris Lewis Abraham and their children donated art and established the Center and Art Gallery at Wayland as well as benefited West Texas A&M University, Clarendon Community College, Frank Phillips College in Borger and Texas Tech University. Malouf 1915-1994 became a multimillionaire in the oil and gas business in Hemphill County, attended but did not graduate from Texas Technological College, was mayor of Canadian Texas and a member of the Texas House of Representatives 1967-1971. Iris 1918-2001 was from a pioneer Canadian family. Their children are Malouf Abraham, Jr., M.D. born 1939, Betty Abraham Cooper born 1942, and Bill Ed Abraham born 1945.,_Sr.

The Citadelle House and Gardens in Canadian Texas is a former Malouf Abraham residence, now a museum and event center operated by the Citadelle Art Foundation,_Jr. Its website is


Environmental Protection Agency was inspecting and providing immediate remediation at the long-abandoned Gold King mine near Silverton Colorado on August 5 when it opened a sludge of three million gallons of orange-yellow waste with concentrations of arsenic, lead and other toxic heavy metals. That led to sludge flowage through Cement Creek into the Animas River and San Juan River in the four corners region of Colorado, New Mexico, Utah and Arizona. Those rivers are tributaries of the lower Colorado River that flows into the Gulf of California. The reality is that decades of rain and snow-melt at abandoned mines including this one, have leached out toxic sludge that has killed fish in streams and EPA proposed establishing a Super Fund Cleanup site in the Animas River basin. State government in Colorado opposed the federal government operating cleanup, thought that would in the short term hurt the Colorado tourist industry, and said local officials would do it. They took on the task but accomplished nothing significant and now that a disaster is in plain view of all, it’s time to pay the piper and perform the cleanup, stop the partisan political bickering, and get down to serious business that the mining companies should not have left for future generations. A succession of Colorado governments refused to regulate the mining companies during their mining operations and during the mine closures and a mess was left. It’s time for state and federal governments to work together, shoulder the burden and perform the cleanup not only at this mine but at all mines in the area.


Upper Animas River Mining District


Arts History Update for early August 2015

1 Aug

Arts History Update for early August 2015 by David Cummins

It’s high summer and here is a view of Mount Baldy at Sun Valley Idaho where many of the ski runs down the mountain are easily seen. The foreground is the White Cloud golf course where greens fees are outrageously high I never played any golf course and only once went into the Sun Valley Lodge complex because I wanted to see Esther Williams swim in the outdoor heated pool in December. Didn’t get to see her as it was cordoned off and restricted, but was out bar prowling that night in Ketchum Idaho and saw her come out of a bar just as I was entering. It was 45 seconds of hobnobbing with the rich and famous if that is a fair description of gawking at the athlete / movie star.

The photograph of Mount Baldy in summer is very interesting to all skiers of the mountain. I still remember the names of each of the runs. I was a college student and just barely at the low end of semi-competence in skiing, and in the company of peers so went on all the runs and all the way to the top several times, and skied and fell my way down several runs. It was thrilling. Broke a ski on one run, scratched my way to the bottom on one ski, rented a pair of skis and went up and finished out the day. Hot blood and intemperate behavior are marks of a youth and his reckless assumption of immortality.


Topic: The Seven Sins according to Mohandes Gandhi

Please review the list of Gandhi’s seven sins before the monthly meeting in order to facilitate our discussion:

Knowledge without character
Commerce without morality
Science without humanity
Worship without sacrifice
Politics without principle
Wealth without work
Pleasure without conscience


David H. Arrington Collection of 103 photographs by Ansel Adams: American Master are on exhibit at Texas Tech Museum from August 14, 2015 – January 17, 2016 in Galleries 2 and 3.

This exhibition is a collection of 103 photographic works of art surveying a lifetime of creative insight and photographic acumen by American master, Ansel Adams (1902-1984). Adams prevails as a premier American artist of the 20th century and his images established the standard for American landscape photography. The masterful photographs have been curated from one of the largest collections of Adams art work in the world. Midland Texas resident David H. Arrington, an advocate and student of Adams’ artistic methods, gathered not only many hundreds of Adams’ original works but the most iconic and finest prints that the artist ever completed. He generously shared his collection with the Museum.

August 14… Ansel Adams: Workshop for Teachers, 9am-12pm (lunch provided). The Education Division is offering a workshop to teachers regarding the exhibition of Ansel Adams photographs that will be on exhibit at the Museum August 2015 through January 2016. Lunch, all materials, and the workshop registration are free of charge, made possible by generous support from The Helen Jones Foundation, Inc. Continuing Professional Education credit is available. The workshop is limited to 20 participants and is open to teachers of any discipline, at any grade level. Depending upon who registers for the workshop, we will adjust lessons and activities accordingly. Registrations must be made no later than July 24. To register, or if you have questions, please email, Dr. Jill Hoffman, Curator of Education at

August 15 Saturday@TheMuseum: Adams Gallery Photography, 1-4pm. Come and learn about the beauty of Ansell Adams photography while doing an in gallery activity. All ages welcome. Registration required. Free event.

August 15 Gallery Talk: Imagining What Ansel Adams Could Do with Digital Technology, 2:00-3:30pm. The Lubbock Camera Club and West Texas Photographic Society will give a demonstration of how Ansel Adams might have used current digital technology to enhance photographs. Museum Jones Auditorium Reception to follow. Registration requested. Free event.

October 11 Presentation by Ann McDonald photographer on Composing the Perfect Picture and Memories with the Master, Ansel Adams at 2:00 pm Museum Jones Auditorium free event.


Todd W. Wahlstrom, The Southern Exodus to Mexico: Migration Across the Borderlands After the American Civil War (University of Nebraska Press 2015) 232 pages $46.13 hardcover $43.82 e-book ABE Books new $43.95 incl s&h

After the Civil War a handful of former Confederate leaders joined forces with Mexican Emperor Maximilian von Hapsburg to colonize Mexico with former American slaveholders. Their plan was to develop commercial agriculture in the Mexican state of Coahuila under the guidance of former slaveholders with slaves providing the bulk of the labor force. By developing these new centers of agricultural production and commercial exchange, the imperial Mexican government hoped to open up new markets and, by extending the few already-existing railroads in the region, also spur further development.

The Southern Exodus to Mexico considers the experiences of both white southern elites and common white and black southern farmers and laborers who moved to Mexico during this period. Todd W. Wahlstrom examines in particular how the endemic warfare, raids, and violence along the borderlands of Texas and Coahuila affected the colonization effort. Ultimately, Native groups such as the Comanches, Kiowas, Apaches, and Kickapoos, along with local Mexicans, prevented southern colonies from taking hold in the region, where local tradition and careful balances of power negotiated over centuries held more sway than large nationalistic or economic forces. This study of the trans-cultural tensions and conflicts in this region provides new perspectives for the historical assessment of this period of Mexican and American history.

When the Mexican Revolution began in 1810 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla declared slavery abolished. Hidalgo was captured on January 17, 1811 and executed by firing squad on July 30, 1811. After the Revolution succeeded in 1821 the new government Republic of Mexico abolished slavery throughout Mexico and its territories including Tejas by the Guerrero Decree in 1829, but the decree was not enforced in Tejas against either Tejanos or Anglo-Texians. Still, its existence made slaveholding Anglo-Texians nervous and anxious about their agricultural economic system so dependent on slaves for labor.

The Guerrero Decree that abolished slavery throughout the Republic of Mexico except in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, was issued by President Vicente R. Guerrero on September 15, 1829. Guerrero may have acted under the influence of Jose Maria Tornel, who hoped the decree would be a check on American immigration, or he may have issued it as a personal measure because his enemies accused him of being partly of African descent. The decree reached Tejas on October 16, but Ramon Musquiz, the political chief, withheld its publication because it was in violation of the colonization laws, which guaranteed the settlers security for their persons and property. The news of the decree did alarm the Anglo-Texians who petitioned Guerrero to exempt Tejas from the operation of the law. On December 2 Agustin Viesca, secretary of relations, wrote the governor of Tejas that no change would be made respecting the slaves in Texas. Though the decree was never put into operation, it left a conviction in the minds of many Tejas colonists that their economic interests were not safe.

It is against this background that we notice that the French-Austrian Emperor Maximilian 1862-1867 was willing to allow slave holding in northern territories of Mexico by these Anglo-Confederates who had lost the Civil War in America. As it turned out, southern American slaveholders chose the wrong side again.


Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 [Obamacare in political rhetoric] private for profit and not-for-profit health insurance carriers submitted their proposals for premium rates for the following year 2016 by early Spring 2015. Since full coverage under the Affordable Care Act only went into effect on January 1, 2014 the submissions this Spring were the first after a full year of experience under full coverage by those insurers. Here is a review of those proposals and what both state insurance departments and the federal government will be looking at before setting the maximum premium rates for 2016. The proposals vary widely by insurance carrier in the same market, and they vary widely by the geographical localities that form markets. This was to be expected. A number of insurers proposed small one or two percent reductions in premiums, and that was to be expected as well since some insurers were unwilling to match the low premiums other insurers initially bid.

Most people understand that there are a tier of health care plans offered to the public by a singe insurer in a single market, but most people do not understand that there is capitalistic free enterprise at work within the Affordable Care Act and so maximum premium rates are approved by government and set, insurer by insurer, just as they are for life, fire, homeowner or auto insurance policies. What is the “government”? It is first the state insurance department in each state, and then the federal government review board focused mostly on policies whose geographical coverage is greater than one state.


Ribbon Cutting and walk through of the newly constructed Texas Tech University Innovation Hub building at Research Park, 3911 4th Street is Wednesday August 5 from 5:30-6:30 pm. Public may attend. The building is just west of Texas Tech Parkway and 4th Street, equivalent to Memphis Avenue and 4th Street, on the south side of 4th Street. The public art piece commissioned for the building has not been installed yet but Marco Cianfanelli a South African artist is working on it.


Do you want to sing with the Lubbock Chorale? Auditions for the 2015-2016 season are Tuesday August 18 from 6:00 – 7:30 pm immediately before the Chorale rehearsal 7:30 – 9:30 pm in the School of Music Building M01. E-mail John Hollins artistic director or phone 806-778-4980 to set up an audition “musical interview”. The Chorale’s website is


Recycling at Texas Tech University is available not just to the Texas Tech community of faculty staff and students but to everyone in the Lubbock community. Free drop-off of recyclable materials. The recycling station is located behind i.e. south of the Housing Services Building whose front door is located on an un-named road that fronts on the steel fence that borders the south side of Marsha Sharp Freeway, at that point depressed below ground level. Drive to Main Street and Hartford Avenue on campus [west of Flint Avenue and east of Indiana Avenue on Main Street] across the street from the Student Recreation Center complex. Drive north on the road between a physical plant building and the Horticultural Gardens [arboretum]. Keep on driving until you come to the steel fence barrier overlooking Marsha Sharp Freeway. The road turns east and you follow it until you come to the Housing Services Building. Drive past the front door of the building and turn south between that building and another physical plant building. In the parking lot are the marked recycling containers and bins. There is a separate glass bin and separate cardboard container. Otherwise you may toss a bag into any bin. There are paid part-time student employees [work-study program] who will do a lot of sorting, separating and preparing materials for shipment to companies in the recycling industry. I saw a number of bins with un-bagged materials in them including glass so not everyone separates and bags their recyclables before dropping them off. Remember that it’s more important to recycle than to follow rules. Texas Tech is encouraging people to get into a habit or routine of recycling and commit to that culture.

If you live on the north or northwest side of town you may wish to drive to 9th Street and Indiana Avenue and proceed east on 9th Street crossing over Marsha Sharp Freeway, then turn right or south onto Flint Avenue, then take the first right west into a physical plant parking lot and gasoline fueling station and turn north onto that un-named road to the steel fence barrier overlooking Marsha Sharp Freeway and proceed west on the road and turn south between a physical plant building and the Housing Services Building into a lot where the recycling bins/containers are located. There are some small blue and white recycling station signs that help.

From the latter direction or from 19th Street and Indiana Avenue or Flint Avenue entrances onto campus, there are no entry stations so you don’t have to explain to anyone what you are doing on campus, and you don’t park anywhere so there is absolutely no hassle of any kind.


Teddy Jack’s Hub City Grill is now open at 7205 Milwaukee Avenue but there are many bad reviews in the early days Same ownership as Cujo’s Sportz Bar & Grill at 5811 4th Street near Frankford Avenue Cujo is a nickname for Curtis Jordan, football player at Monterey High School, Texas Tech University and in the NFL National Football League 1976-1987 for Tampa Bay Buccaneers and Washington Redskins. Upon retirement he opened restaurants in the Washington DC area to great success, and expanded back home to Lubbock.


Armenia and Armenians

Armenian Genocide by Turkey 1915-1918 and mopping up the remains 1920-1923 so as to rid central Turkey of Armenians who were neither Turks nor Muslims and so regarded as removable. The survivors fled nearly everywhere so it is called a diaspora, but many thousands fled from central Turkey into the Russian Caucasus and came under domination of the Soviet Union. Eventually the smallest of the Soviet Socialist Republics would become Armenia and after the breakup of the Soviet Union would be the independent Republic of Armenia (1991).

Historic Armenia encompassed all of eastern turkey except the strip littoral to the Black Sea, and included parts of today’s Georgia, Azerbaijan, Iran and Iraq. It also included Cilicia or Little Armenia on the Mediterranean Sea. From 1894 onward festerings from the weakening Ottoman Sultanate led to gangs attacking Armenian populations with impunity and by 1915 the Young Turks were in powerful positions in the nation and the genocide began with a vengeance by rounding up 700 Armenians in Istanbul on April 24, 1915 and deporting or murdering them.

There are innumerable famous Armenians but the artist Arshile Gorky, an abstract expressionist, is certainly one of them and his life is a single story about the genocide. Gorky was born about 1904 on the shores of Lake Van in the heartland of Armenia. His father, fearing conscription into the military of the quarrelsome Turks, bolted in 1910 and left the country for America leaving his family behind. Gorky’s mother led the children to safety in the Russian Caucasus but perished from starvation in 1919 in Yerevan. Gorky fled to America in 1920 reuniting with his father but they were never close.

Turkey, the nation, continually denies that any genocide took place and affirmatively enforces that position be preventing opponents space to oppose or assert otherwise The government tries to equate its denial with its national identity.

Raymond H. Kevorkian, The Armenian Genocide: A Complete History (I.B. Tauris 2011) 1,029 pages Texas Tech Library DS195.5.K48 little known in America is that after the end of The Great War in 1918 the allied powers looked at the crumbling Ottoman Empire and saw that The Young Turks had engaged in an ongoing genocide of Christian Armenians and so president Woodrow Wilson wanted to intervene [wanted to receive a USA mandate over Armenia from the League of Nations] but the American Congress forbade it in 1920 (it gathered only 23 votes in U.S. Senate) and the genocide continued until done in 1923. It took eight years 1915-1923 to kill 2 million Armenians and displace the remnant to the Soviet Union Caucasus region as the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic with a capital at Yerevan. Armenian Apostolic Church is the world’s oldest national church, the first ethnic group to adopt Christianity formally in 301 AD but informally in the first century AD by missions from the apostles Bartholomew and Thaddeus. Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia fell in 1375 AD so what was left was western Armenia in Turkey and eastern Armenia in Russia. The Armenian Republic was declared 1918-1920 in eastern Armenia but in 1920 the Soviet Red Army came in and conquered so it became the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1922 bounded on the west by Turkey, north by Georgia, east by Azerbaijan, and south by Iran. When the Soviet Union fell in 1991 it became the current Republic of Armenia.
Venice Biennale 2015 May 9 – November 22, 2015 includes a Republic of Armenia exhibition ARMENIA, Republic of

Armenity / Haiyutioun. Contemporary Artists from the Armenian Diaspora

Haig Aivazian, Lebanon; Nigol Bezjian, Syria/USA; Anna Boghiguian Egypt/Canada; Hera Büyüktasçiyan, Turkey; Silvina Der-Meguerditchian, Argentina/Germany; Rene Gabri & Ayreen Anastas, Iran/Palestine/USA; Mekhitar Garabedian, Belgium; Aikaterini Gegisian, Greece; Yervant Gianikian & Angela Ricci Lucchi, Italy; Aram Jibilian, USA; Nina Katchadourian, USA/Finland; Melik Ohanian, France; Mikayel Ohanjanyan, Armenia/Italy; Rosana Palazyan, Brazil; Sarkis, Turkey/France; Hrair Sarkissian, Syria/UK

Commissioner: Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Armenia. Deputy Commissioner: Art for the World Europa, Mekhitarist Congregation of San Lazzaro Island,  Embassy of the Republic of Armenia in Italy, Vartan Karapetian.Curator: Adelina Cüberyan von Fürstenberg. Venue: Monastery and Island of San Lazzaro degli Armeni

and it won the Golden Lion Award for best national participation at the 56th Venice Biennale

Each nation that enters the Biennale constructs a pavilion in which the art pieces are displayed. The Armenian pavilion’s title is Armenity/Haiyutioun: Contemporary Artists from the Armenian Diaspora. That pavilion is not located where the other national pavilions are located in the Giardini and Arsenale districts within Venice, but on a small island in the Venice Lagoon, viz., San Lazzaro degli Armeni. The story behind that location is that the Venice Republic gave San Lazzaro to the Armenian monk Mekhitar in 1717 to found a monastery. Mekhitar was an Armenian Catholic and the majority of Armenians were orthodox members of the Armenian Apostolic Church. Mekhitar’s order of monks was located in Constantinople but they were persecuted by the Ottoman Sultan and the majority Armenian Church and so left for Venice where the Mekhitarist Congregation played a central role in the revival of Armenian culture, printing dictionaries and books, educating teachers, and providing shelter for the persecuted. The walls of the San Lazzaro monastery are currently transformed into showrooms for art pieces by 16 Armenian diaspora artists. At the entrance to the island from the pier is a bronze statuary piece of art by the French Armenian Melik Ohanian Streetlights of Memory: A Stand By Memorial (2010-2015) initially intended as a gift by the Armenian community to the City of Geneva Switzerland but rejected by it at the insistence of Turkey. A piece of art can be a surrogate for political battles. It is now a heap of broken pieces, 87 in number, rather than proud upright beaconing street lamps. Here are images of the pavilion exhibits