Archive | April, 2015

Arts History Update for early May 2015

24 Apr

Arts History Update for early May 2015 by David Cummins

April 24, 2015

Dear Playa Landowners, Naturalists, Agency folks, and Interested Public:

Since the last Field Day back in October, the uplands around the Playa Classroom were covered in tall grass and giant kochia weeds, thanks to 20 inches of rainfall over last summer and fall. After the winter snows, it seemed best to remove all that biomass (or risk a wildfire) from a management standpoint, so on April 8th, those uplands were swathed and baled. The harvest yielded 38 round bales! Even better, the landscape is in amazingly good shape for the spring months.

I invite you to attend our Playa Management Field Day on Friday, May 15th from 8:45am-1:15pm in Nazareth, Texas (3 weeks from today). We will start out at the Home Mercantile Building, in downtown Nazareth, Texas (101 Second Street)…with coffee, refreshments, restrooms, and two short presentations. By 10am, we will drive ¾ of a mile south of the Hwy 86 and FM 168 intersection to the Ogallala Commons Playa Classroom. Next, there will be a walk-around in small groups to assess key indicators for playa ecosystem health, under the direction of Manuel DeLeon (a wetlands specialist with the Natural Resources Conservation Service). We will have another treat to wrap up the outdoors session: a presentation on playa amphibians (with live specimens: toads, salamanders, frogs, etc.) by Robert Martin from Santa Fe, NM.

Back at the Home Mercantile, we will enjoy a home-cooked meal of German sausage and garden greens with dessert. We will also have a presentation on playa ecosystem management at Muleshoe, Buffalo Lake, and Grulla National Wildlife Refuges by Melanie Hartman, USFWS, from Happy, TX.

There is $10 fee for lunch and refreshments. Anyone attending this Playa Management Day needs to contact Darryl Birkenfeld at 806-945-2255 (or to insure an accurate lunch count.

The Field Day is sponsored by Ogallala Commons and the Dixon Water Foundation. Those attending are asked to wear appropriate clothing, footwear, and a hat.

After we adjourn at 1:15pm, anyone is invited to come over to our house for a tour of the rainwater harvesting, raised-bed gardening, etc., until 2pm. Please share this invitation and the agenda on the next page with others who might want to attend.

Our next Playa Management Day will be on Thursday, June 25th, 9am-1pm, just southwest of Edmonson, TX (Hale County), at Mark Hilliard’s playa.

Best regards,

Darryl Birkenfeld, Ph.D.,
Director, Ogallala Commons

Playa Management Day

Friday, May 15, 2015

Home Mercantile Building & OC Playa Classroom Nazareth, Texas

8:45am – 1:30pm

8:45am Registration and Light refreshments at Home Mercantile Building

(corner of Second & Leo Streets, located between Holy Family Church and Nazareth Schools)

9:00am Welcome & Overview of Past & Current Conditions at the Playa

Darryl Birkenfeld, Director, Ogallala Commons, and playa landowner

9:20am Assessing Playa Watersheds: What are Key Indicators?

Manuel DeLeon, Wetlands Specialist, USDA-NRCS, Lubbock, TX

9:40am Select Teams (small groups) and Assignments

10am Arrive at OC Playa Classroom (3.4 miles south of Nazareth on FM 168) Group Walks to conduct assignments

10:40am Group Reports & Discussion (Playa Classroom)

Darryl Birkenfeld

11:00am Building Soil Health & Drought Resilience in Playa Wetlands

Manuel DeLeon

11:30pm Playa Amphibians in Southern High Plains Playas (with live specimens)

Robert Martin, OC New Mexico Coordinator, Santa Fe, NM

12:10 Return to Home Mercantile

12:20pm Home-Cooked Lunch: German sausage, vegetables, and dessert

12:45pm Playa Ecosystem Management at Buffalo Lake, Muleshoe & Grulla NWR

Melanie Hartman, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Happy, TX

1:15pm Adjourn

A mini-playa exists in Lubbock on Texas Tech University land northeast corner of 4th street and Quaker Avenue under lock and key, and I toured it several years ago with a Texas Tech faculty member, but real estate development nearby has so encroached that it is not a fully functional playa like the one south of Nazareth in the invitation above. Please consider registering and attending this active tour of a fully functional playa on May 15. All the former playas in the Lubbock area are now just depressions with standing water at times, since so much of the playa habitat has been devoted to real estate development and farms.

Of course visiting and exploring an active playa with expert guides is the main thing, but folks, if you get an invitation to to eat home-prepared German sausage in Nazareth Texas and you recall the German-Americans who settled there with those recipes from the old country, strap on your stompin shoes and get to Nazareth for some pleasurable vittles.


Where does a political campaign begin? We know it ends with massive staged rallies broadcast nationwide much like a Hollywood production. It began for Hillary Clinton in LeClaire Iowa in the first week of her April 2015 campaign when she shook hands “pressed the flesh” at the Jones Street Java House, a local coffee shop. Sometimes at such events a throng of reporters and photographers outnumber the people around the tables in her public and unannounced visits.

Whatever one’s politics or lack of politics, meeting a presidential candidate in person is always remembered, as is true for all celebrities who command a national press and keep popping up when we read newspapers, magazines, or television “news”. One wonders what those Iowans felt when they met Ms. Clinton.

In 1992 in Lubbock Texas when Bill Clinton was a presidential candidate with a campaign schedule that did not include Lubbock, it was announced that his wife Hillary Clinton, a lawyer in the Rose Law Firm in Little Rock Arkansas, would travel to Lubbock on her husband’s behalf. She went, and I went, to Lala’s a Tex-Mex Restaurant1 on Broadway Street in the 1100 block and a crowd of about 70 people heard her speak about Bill and why he might make a good president for the country. I haven’t met her in person since then, and don’t expect to, but I remember her visit vividly and imagine LeClaire Iowans at their coffee shop. I also imagine how many or how few Iowans will go to events and actually meet in person two or three or more candidates for president. How will they compare them, and on what bases or characteristics? It’s obvious, isn’t it, that this is an electoral process but not a representative process. It describes how a president is ultimately elected, but that president is not in fact a representative of anyone in LeClaire or Lubbock. He or she may act for them or by their leave or in their name, but is not acting as their representative. We expect more and better from them than we often deliver for ourselves.

That said, I’m no fan of books published by presidential candidates the year or two prior to their entry into a political campaign. They seem like puff pieces designed to self-validate the importance of the author and his/her appropriate entry into the campaign. Two of those are Hillary Rodham Clinton, Hard Choices (Simon & Schuster 2014) Lubbock Public Library 635 pages 3 copies 328.73092 CLIN and Jeb Bush & Clint Bolick, Immigration Wars: Forging An American Solution (Threshold Editions 2013) Texas Tech Library JV 6483.B84. They never state objectively what the author did or didn’t do relative to the issues the author pontificates about. There is thus no glimmer of walking their talk and thereby an expectation that they won’t in the future.


NBA [National Basketball Association] Western Conference and Eastern Conference Playoffs began April 18, 2015

15 teams in each Conference and, after an 82 game season, seven of those teams are done and licking their wounds, and the remaining eight playoff teams are:

Eastern Conference: # 1 Atlanta Hawks 60-22 v. # 8 Brooklyn Nets 38-44, # 4 Toronto Raptors 49-33 v. # 5 Washington Wizards 46-36, # 3 Chicago Bulls 50-32 v. # 6 Milwaukee Bucks 41-41 and # 2 Cleveland Cavaliers 53-29 v. # 7 Boston Celtics 40-42

Western Conference # 1 Golden State Warriors 67-15 v. # 8 New Orleans Pelicans 45-37, # 5 Memphis Grizzlies 55-27 v. # 4 Portland Trail Blazers 51-31, # 3 Los Angeles Clippers 56-26 v. # 6 San Antonio Spurs 55-27, and # 2 Houston Rockets 56-26 v. # 7 Dallas Mavericks 50-32 Round one is first team to win 4 games. Round three will produce Conference winners and Round Four will produce an NBA Champion. The better record during the season determines home court advantage as a round is played. The best teams during the season do not always win in the playoffs, so get out your scorecard, pencil with eraser, and televisions aglow.


The Bowerbird Panhandle Art Review is an online regional art journal founded by Hannah Dean of Slaton Texas e-mail phone 575-308-9737


Daniel Albright, Putting Modernism Together: Literature Music and Art 1872-1927 (Hopkins Studies in Modernism) (Johns Hopkins University Press 2015) $54 hardcover $30 paperback


Jay Friedlander, Strategic Sustainability: Creating Abundance, American Management Association Playbook: Your Source for Practical Work Solutions, uses the Abundance Sustainability Cycle overlap between profits, people and planet as the place where all the work done there is a win-win for everyone. Only the business’s competitor that is not doing it, is a loser and then only relatively speaking Many businesses mimic their competitors who get out front.


Art League of West Texas Foundation has its Spring Membership Show on exhibit at the Buddy Holly Center Fine Arts Gallery 1801 Crickets Avenue April 17-May 24, 2015. The juror is James C. Watkins, internationally known ceramic artist. West Texas Watercolor Society has its Spring Show at Buddy Holly Center May 1-June 14, 2015. The juror is Candace Keller professor of art and curator at Wayland Baptist University in Plainview.


Jeff Dell, artist in residence print maker at CASP Charles Adams Studio Project 5th Street & Avenue J Gallery, is leaving town after a five month residency. Closing reception free event for the public is Saturday April 25 from 1:00-6:00 pm. His specialty is screen prints so expect to see some really cool stuff. He’s going back to San Marcos where he is a Professor of Studio Art Printmaking at Texas State University


Didn’t get published in Iron Horse Literary Journal? now there’s an additional journal by the English Department at Texas Tech University, Harbinger Literary Magazine, that invites undergraduates to make submissions for publication. Its first release party is Friday May 1, 2015 at 3:00 – 4:00 pm in English Philosophy Departments Building Room 106. Free food and drink. Pick up a copy of the magazine.

Third annual Iron Horse Literary Journal Film Fest of short-short films is Wednesday April 29 at 7:30 pm at Alamo Drafthouse Cinema $9 for public, free with Texas Tech ID!fest/c1xxg


1Lala and Conrado Cavazos owned this restaurant and closed it upon their retirement and moved to the Lower Rio

Grande Valley

Arts History Update for late April 2015

17 Apr

Arts History Update for late April 2015 by David Cummins
Joyce Runyan, abstract water-media painter who lives and works in Ransom Canyon has twelve pieces at Pioneer Hotel Condominiums 1204 Broadway Street in downtown Lubbock. They enhance the vitality of the lobby entrance and The West Table restaurant off the lobby in the building!

What you ask is water-media? She uses acrylic paint that is water soluble and depending on dilution and modification by gels, media or paste it can resemble watercolor painting, an oil painting, or be distinctive from either. The West Texas Watercolor Society includes water-media painters and Runyan is a former president.

If you haven’t yet eaten at The West Table, reservations are preferred and can be made by phone or online, it’s closed Monday and Tuesday, open lunch Wednesday – Friday 11:00 – 2:00 pm, open dinner Wednesday – Saturday 5:00 – 9:00 pm, open Sunday for Brunch 11:00 – 2:00 pm and Supper 5:00 – 9:00 pm. The best value is Sunday Supper at 6:30 or 7:00 pm seatings pre-set four course meal for $25. The bar is open from 11:00 am to closing. Dirk West and Mary Ruth West’s grandson Cameron West and his wife are owners of and chefs at The West Table.

Here are nine paintings by Runyan to entice you to visit


James Wines’s Green Architecture showrooms, nine in total, are now either demolished or renovated beyond recognition except for the so-called Forest Building showroom for Best Products in 1980 on Quioccasin Road in Richmond Virginia. It’s now owned by West End Presbyterian Church and here is its website page on the structure Wines is age 83 and is founder and president of SITE a New York City based architecture and environmental arts organization.


Now that March Madness ended and college basketball is over, is the NBA National Basketball Association enough for your addiction? If not, be aware that the NBA started a Development League and in the Western Conference Southwest Division of that League are four teams Oklahoma City Blue, Texas Legends, Austin Spurs, and Rio Grande Valley Vipers. This is minor league professional basketball. Legends are associated with the Dallas Mavericks, Spurs are associated with San Antonio Spurs, and Vipers are associated with the Houston Rockets.

Venues: Texas Legends play at Dr Pepper Arena Frisco Texas, Austin Spurs play at Cedar Park Center, Cedar Park Texas and Rio Grande Valley Vipers play at State Farm Arena Hidalgo Texas. Deep into the season Legends are 22-28, Spurs are 32-28, and Vipers are 27-23. There are 18 teams in the Development League from small markets like Maine Red Claws in Portland Maine, Sioux Falls Skyforce in South Dakota, and Bakersfield Jam in Bakersfield California. The playoffs are going on right now and the Austin Spurs played the Bakersfield Jam on April 7, 11 and 12. Jam beat the Spurs on April 7 but the Spurs won the second and third games and are in the second round. The other three match-ups in the playoffs are Maine v. Fort Wayne, Sioux Falls v. Canton, and Santa Cruz v. Oklahoma City. Series to advance are best two out of three games. Santa Cruz Warriors won in first round and meets Austin Spurs on Sunday April 19 at 5:00 pm TV-ESPNU at Cedar Park and Tuesday April 21 at 8:30 pm TV-ESPNU at Santa Cruz California. Game three in Santa Cruz on Thursday if they are tied 1-1.

WNBA Women’s National Basketball Association schedule begins June 5 through September so as to be off-season relative to the Men’s NBA play and provide year round opportunities to enjoy professional basketball. Teams include the San Antonio Stars The draft for new players will be April 16, 2015


Super Geeks Lubbock on 66th Street promises a free video tutorial on the Microsoft Windows 10 Operating System that is currently in Beta testing. Here is the You Tube Channel for Super Geeks for you to access when the video comes online

Western Federation of Watercolor Societies 40th Annual Exhibition is April 16, 2015 – July 15, 2015 at Texas Tech Museum and the host Society is West Texas Watercolor Society represented by Carol Peterson who may be contacted at or by phone 806-535-6137. On January 28 the submissions were accepted or rejected and paintings were sent in March. Linda Baker will juror the show from April 27 – May 1, 2015 and winners will be notified by May 4. Delegates to the annual Exhibition will arrive on May 28 and depart on June 1. Western Federation Societies can be found in eight states

Here are images of the entries in the Exhibition that you can view as a slide show.

West Texas Watercolor Society offices are at the YWCA Legacy Event Center downtown Lubbock 14th Street and Avenue O.


Human Rights Art Exhibition from the Collection at South Texas College, McAllen Texas and also from South Plains artists, goes on exhibit April 23 through June 10, 2015 at International Cultural Center at Texas Tech University. The opening reception is Thursday April 23 from 4:30-6:30 pm during which a film Benches will be shown in the Auditorium while Kristi Humphries will provide a performance.

Trafficked by Lynn M. Randolph of Houston Texas is one of the paintings exhibited

There is a half-scale seaworthy replica of La Salle’s ship La Belle [feminine beautiful] that is called La Petite [small] Belle docked alongside the Palacios Texas shrimping fleet, and artifacts recovered i.e. excavated from, the seabed of the shipwrecked La Belle in Matagorda Bay in 1686, appear in a seven Gulf Coast museums including City By The Sea Museum in Palacios

La Salle is Rene-Robert Cavalier, Sieur de La Salle,_Sieur_de_La_Salle the French explorer who died age 43 inland the next year 1687 near present day Huntsville Texas.

A marvelous temporary exhibit La Belle The Ship That Changed History is at the Bob Bullock Texas State History Museum in Austin October 25, 2014 – May 17, 2015 and the permanent exhibit on La Belle will go up in November 2015 while the temporary exhibit begins traveling the state.

La Salle had previously in 1685 started a colony at the mis-named Fort St Louis on a bluff overlooking Garcitas Creek before it emptied into Lavaca Bay on the Gulf Coast of later to be Texas. It was just an outpost amid hostile natives, the Karankawa Indians. It was La Salle’s attempt to beat the English and Spanish to this area he thought to be near the mouth of the Mississippi River, his goal, and La Salle left the outpost to travel inland to gain relief for his people in January 1687. At that point there were only 50 men women and children at the outpost and a Karankawa Indian attack ended their colonization in 1689. Spanish explorers would find the site of the former French colony and build a Spanish outpost over it Evidence of Karankawa occupation also was present in the area, so it’s quite historic. The Spanish De Leon Expedition found the abandoned and empty colony and made this map of it after burying the cannon because they anticipated returning to the area and using the cannon for a Spanish outpost’s defense. The Spanish burned the French-constructed buildings to the ground.

As we think about La Salle’s early exploration we are reminded of Alver Nunez Cabeza de Vaca’s ill-fated Narvaez Expedition of 1527 and his being rescued and enslaved by Karankawa Indians along the Texas Gulf Coast Early European entrance into Texas is an amazing story.

A fiction is Miles Arceneaux, La Salle’s Ghost: A Novel (Stephen F. Austin University Press 2013). The author Arceneaux is a pen name for three writers who collaborate on fiction such as this, namely Brent Douglass, John T. Davis, and James R. Dennis. $15.45 paperback $10 e-book. Brent Douglass’s parents reside in Lubbock Texas.


Congress mistakenly passed a Medicare Reform Payment Plan including a sustainable growth rate formula SGR and on April 14, 2015 repealed it, averting a 21 % across the board reduction in Medicare’s physician fees for covered services. There are complexities with regard to appropriately compensating physicians while reducing the growth rate of health care costs, and Congress now realizes, belatedly, that a simple meat-ax approach won’t work

The reality is that ever since 2002 Congress has adjusted the reality of payment reductions that the SGR would have imposed, so the SGR has been an unenforced specter for many years. It’s best to get rid of it and take careful account of reality.


In 1913 before The Great War commenced, an all African-American Army National Guard Regiment was formed, the 15th Infantry Regiment, New York. Most of its members lived in New York City or the NYC area. It continued to train as an Army National Guard Regiment after The Great War began in 1914 but the United States did not enter the War until 1917 and The American Army Expeditionary Forces under General John J. “Black Jack” Pershing were posted to Europe. Initially the 15th became the US Army 369th Infantry Regiment and were deployed alongside the Expeditionary Forces but not incorporated within them, only being used as stevedores and support troops. Pershing had insisted that the American Army Expeditionary Forces not be incorporated into the commands and troops in the field of the French, English and Canadian Armies but rather be assigned their own sector and fight under their own military commanders. He did allow for the 369th Infantry Regiment to be assigned to the French Army in its sector of battle at Champagne-Marne and at Meuse-Argonne and their French commanders referred to the regiment as The Men of Bronze, and awarded medals and badges for bravery and military accomplishment.

Bill Miles, Men of Bronze (documentary film 60 minutes black and white 1977)

Max Brooks, The Harlem Hellfighters (Turtleback Books hardcover Broadway Books paperback 2014) is a 257 page graphic novel illustrated by Caanan Whte, that is a fictionalized account of the 369th Infantry Regiment from its inception. Max Brooks is the son of Mel Brooks and Anne Bancroft well-known film actors. Lubbock Public Library GEN FIC BROO two copies. $23.48 hardcover $14.13 paperback $10 e-book.

Max Brooks will show portions of the documentary film and discuss his graphic novel on the Texas Tech University campus on Wednesday April 22 at 6:30 – 7:30 pm at the School of Law Lanier Professional Development Center Auditorium. A free event.

Sony Pictures purchased the film rights to the graphic novel and is producing a movie to be released in 2016.

Arts History Update for mid April 2015

9 Apr

Arts History Update for mid April 2015 by David Cummins

The Great War [World War I] that ended in 1918 brought to an end the Austria-Hungary Empire and the Ottoman Empire. As for the latter, a century on, we understand that transition better. Leila Tarazi Fawaz, A Land of Aching Hearts: The Middle East in the Great War (Harvard University Press 2014) Texas Tech Library D524.7.M53 F39 hardcover $22.50 e-book $19.25
“The Great War of 1914-1918 reshaped the political geography of the Middle East, destroying a centuries-old, multinational empire, while creating the nation-states of today’s Middle East. The political aftermath of the war has proven as heavily contested as the military battles that shaped the conflict. After a century of change, however, the social experience of the region’s inhabitants during those four trying years has faded into the background. This book illuminates the challenges of the civilians who endured and the soldiers who fought through four calamitous years. It is a story of resilience in the midst of hardship, courage in the face of death, and triumph in the cauldron of battle. In this telling, the First World War is not just a global event, but a personal story running across regions and along fronts. From soldiers encountering new worlds on distant battlefields to civilians staving off hunger at home and refugees escaping persecution abroad, the war profoundly upended the social identities and historical memories of the region. For these reasons, and due to the political settlement that followed, World War I stands as the defining moment that shaped the direction of the Middle East for the next 100 years. This social history testifies to the resourcefulness of the people of the region, in particular those of Greater Syria, investigates their experiences, and serves as a foundation for understanding the Great War’s enduring legacy”-

and Eugene Rogan, The Fall of the Ottomans: The Great War in the Middle East (Basic Books 2015) In 1914 the Ottoman Empire was depleted of men and resources after years of war against Balkan nationalist and Italian forces. But in the aftermath of the assassination in Sarajevo, the powers of Europe were sliding inexorably toward war, and not even the Middle East could escape the vast and enduring consequences of one of the most destructive conflicts in human history. The Great War spelled the end of the Ottomans, unleashing powerful forces that would forever change the face of the Middle East.

In The Fall of the Ottomans, award-winning historian Eugene Rogan brings the First World War and its immediate aftermath in the Middle East to vivid life, uncovering the often ignored story of the region’s crucial role in the conflict. Bolstered by German money, arms, and military advisors, the Ottomans took on the Russian, British, and French forces, and tried to provoke Jihad against the Allies in their Muslim colonies. Unlike the static killing fields of the Western Front, the war in the Middle East was fast-moving and unpredictable, with the Turks inflicting decisive defeats on the Entente in Gallipoli, Mesopotamia, and Gaza before the tide of battle turned in the Allies’ favor. The great cities of Baghdad, Jerusalem, and, finally, Damascus fell to invading armies before the Ottomans agreed to an armistice in 1918.

The postwar settlement led to the partition of Ottoman lands between the victorious powers, and laid the groundwork for the ongoing conflicts that continue to plague the modern Arab world. A sweeping narrative of battles and political intrigue from Gallipoli to Arabia, The Fall of the Ottomansis essential reading for anyone seeking to understand the Great War and the making of the modern Middle East.
hardcover $27.64 e-book $16.19

Karnig Panian, Goodbye, Antoura: A Memoir of the Armenian Genocide (Stanford University Press 2015) $18.63 e-book $12.50 When World War I began, Karnig Panian was only five years old, living among his fellow Armenians in the Anatolian village of Gurin. Four years later, American aid workers found him at an orphanage in Antoura, Lebanon. He was among nearly 1,000 Armenian and 400 Kurdish children who had been abandoned by the Turkish administrators, left to survive at the orphanage without adult care.

This memoir offers the extraordinary story of what he endured in those years—as his people were deported from their Armenian community, as his family died in a refugee camp in the deserts of Syria, as he survived hunger and mistreatment in the orphanage. The Antoura orphanage was another project of the Armenian genocide: its administrators, some benign and some cruel, sought to transform the children into Turks by changing their Armenian names, forcing them to speak Turkish, and erasing their history.

Panian’s memoir is a full-throated story of loss, resistance, and survival, but told without bitterness or sentimentality. His story shows us how even young children recognize injustice and can organize against it, how they can form a sense of identity that they will fight to maintain. He paints a painfully rich and detailed picture of the lives and agency of Armenian orphans during the darkest days of World War I. Ultimately, Karnig Panian survived the Armenian genocide and the deprivations that followed. Goodbye, Antoura assures us of how humanity, once denied, can be again reclaimed. and Ronald Grigor Suny, “They Can Live in the Desert But Nowhere Else”: A History of the Armenian Genocide (Princeton University Press 2015) $24.92 e-book $19.25 Starting in early 1915, the Ottoman Turks began deporting and killing hundreds of thousands of Armenians in the first major genocide of the twentieth century. By the end of the First World War, the number of Armenians in what would become Turkey had been reduced by ninety percent—more than a million people. A century later, the Armenian Genocide remains controversial but relatively unknown, overshadowed by later slaughters and the chasm separating Turkish and Armenian versions of events. In this definitive narrative history, Ronald Suny cuts through nationalist myths, propaganda, and denial to provide an unmatched account of when, how, and why the atrocities of 1915–16 were committed.
As it lost territory during the war, the Ottoman Empire was becoming a more homogenous Turkic-Muslim state, but it still contained large non-Muslim communities, including the Christian Armenians. The Young Turk leaders of the empire believed that the Armenians were internal enemies secretly allied to Russia and plotting to win an independent state. Suny shows that the great majority of Armenians were in truth loyal subjects who wanted to remain in the empire. But the Young Turks, steeped in imperial anxiety and anti-Armenian bias, became convinced that the survival of the state depended on the elimination of the Armenians. Suny is the first to explore the psychological factors as well as the international and domestic events that helped lead to genocide.
Drawing on archival documents and eyewitness accounts, this is an unforgettable chronicle of a cataclysm that set a tragic pattern for a century of genocide and crimes against humanity.
Leonard Barkan, Michelangelo: A Life On Paper (Princeton University Press 2010) $49.50 publisher $31 hardcover $22.59 like new condition ABE Books Michelangelo is best known for great artistic achievements such as the Sistine ceiling, the David, the Pietà, and the dome of St. Peter’s. Yet throughout his seventy-five year career, he was engaged in another artistic act that until now has been largely overlooked: he not only filled hundreds of sheets of paper with exquisite drawings, sketches, and doodles, but also, on fully a third of these sheets, composed his own words. Here we can read the artist’s marginal notes to his most enduring masterpieces; workaday memos to assistants and pupils; poetry and letters; and achingly personal expressions of ambition and despair surely meant for nobody’s eyes but his own. Michelangelo: A Life on Paper is the first book to examine this intriguing interplay of words and images, providing insight into his life and work as never before.
This sumptuous volume brings together more than two hundred stunning, museum-quality reproductions of Michelangelo’s most private papers, many in color. Accompanying them is Leonard Barkan’s vivid narrative, which explains the important role the written word played in the artist’s monumental public output. What emerges is a wealth of startling juxtapositions: perfectly inscribed sonnets and tantalizing fragments, such as “Have patience, love me, sufficient consolation”; careful notations listing money spent for chickens, oxen, and funeral rites for the artist’s father; a beautiful drawing of a Madonna and child next to a mock love poem that begins, “You have a face sweeter than boiled grape juice, and a snail seems to have passed over it.” Magnificently illustrated and superbly detailed, this book provides a rare and intimate look at how Michelangelo’s artistic genius expressed itself in words as well as pictures.

Audit a Fall semester course? Perhaps …. Seminar in 20th Century Music MUHL 4300-003 meets on Tuesdays 9:30 – 10:50 am weekly in Music Building Room 214 beginning August 25 2015 by Dr. Christopher J. Smith

or Frank Zappa, bandleader, songwriter, film composer, and political activist MUHL 4300-005 meets on Tuesdays 12:30 -1:50 pm weekly in Music Building Room 209 beginning August 25, 2015 by Dr. Christopher J. Smith.

Contact Texas Tech University Registrar/Bursar’s Office for details on auditing in West Hall on campus or phone 806-742-3661.

Booklife by Publishers Weekly is a subset for writers to assist in the multi-step process of creating, publishing, marketing and managing one’s book or other publishable creation. Among other things the site includes a Services Directory so you can shop, for free, for the names of people to help you on

1. editing
2. art and design
3. production
4. distribution
5. web design
6. social media
7. promotion and public relations
8. agent
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10. business matters

On April 1, 2015 Governor Jerry Brown traveled 93 miles east of Sacramento on US Highway 50 to Echo Summit mountain pass 7,382 feet high in the Sierra Nevada mountains at a spot that at this time of year would normally have five feet of snow pack, but he stood in a grassy meadow because the drought in California will be extended due to a record low snowfall in the Sierra. The governor announced new and more water restrictions and a required 25% reduction in water usage by state and local government agencies including schools and colleges. It’s sensible and needed and it helps to gain voluntary compliance by private companies and individuals when the state and local governments get out front and bite the bullet on substantial restrictions. The point at which he spoke is very close to Echo Lake and the South Lake Tahoe community.

About 150 years ago this pass, then called Johnson Pass, was sixty miles west of the Comstock Lode silver mines operational from 1859 near present day Virginia City Nevada in then western Utah Territory.


Can we talk about computer operating systems? Much media and advertising communications use scare tactics and make things sound startling or difficult, unless of course we purchase what the communicator wants us to purchase. Recent announcements that Microsoft stopped providing mainstream support for Microsoft Windows 7 Operating System, has caused some concern with Windows 7 OS users. Not to panic. Here’s the real story, a lot less concerning to most people.

Microsoft’s current operating system is Windows 8 and its next operating system Windows 10 is in Beta testing and its release is scheduled for late 2015. What about users of Windows 7 operating system? Mainstream support on it was stopped several months ago in January 2015 but that is of concern to only a few people because all that means is that no new features for devices using that operating system will be forthcoming and the Help Desk free calls for servicing is shut down. Windows 7 operating systems will continue to receive the all-important security fixes and extended support from Microsoft through 2019, five more years. It is true that in 2020 and afterward the use of the Windows 7 operating system devices will be risky unless we have purchased an add-on real time security system to keep the system and device clean. Calm yourself if you, like me, are a user of a Windows 7 operating system and you like its operations and don’t wish to be forced to adjust at some expense.

What is the new Windows 10 operating system? It’s designed to replace the miscalculation Microsoft made when it introduced Microsoft 8 that put a tablet and smart phone touchscreen interface on its PC and laptop operating system. Customers went frantic and complained so operating system patches were sent out to make that interface optional and one could use Windows 8 with a keyboard and mouse-operated cursor technique for operating it, or one could switch on the touchscreen interface and use it as one normally uses a tablet or smart phone.

The new Windows 10 will naturally provide optional ways for users to operate the device, but it has built an advanced system that will look one way when it is being used as a touchscreen device like a smart phone or tablet, and look another way when used as a PC or laptop. Further, while using in one interface, a window on the monitor/display can show the same page or another page in the other interface, so both interfaces can be operational simultaneously. For those people who have a convertible laptop or tablet the user has the choice to toggle on or off the two interfaces and techniques for operation. Microsoft thinks its customers will enjoy these options. Another feature is that all Microsoft applications are constructed so that the user of Windows 10 can toggle them on or off in either of the two interfaces.

Most importantly, one of the brand new policies at Microsoft [Apple and Samsung have done this successfully before now] is to allow folks using a Windows 7 or Windows 8 operating system device, to upgrade for free to Windows 10 in the first year after it is released. One of the several benefits of upgrading will be that most if not all new Microsoft applications and capabilities that arise thereafter will not be usable on old operating systems but will be very usable on a Windows 10 operating system. If your hardware is still fully functional, it probably would make sense to take advantage of a free upgrade to Windows 10 even though the upgrade will take several hours to install. Remember that when I say “new applications” I’m referring to those that are synced with Microsoft as the installer. I’m not referring to free applications like Adobe PDF and Java Script. They are constructed by their makers to be available for download and installation on all presently used operating systems and you need not be afraid you would lose those even if you do not upgrade to Windows 10.

Hope this helps to inform and alleviate concerns you may have. See articles on this topic by Reid Goldsborough who is a Windows 7 operating system user see article—_Should_Windows_7_Users_Be_Worried_.html


Texas Tech University Libraries uses the Library of Congress Classification system e.g D524.7.M53 F39. There are other classification systems for identifying publications such as Dewey Decimal e.g. 843/.912 19 and OCLC Online Computer Library Center originally Ohio College Library Center 11625220 and ISBN International Standard Book Number 2-7073-0695-9. OCLC and its member institutions cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat the largest online public access catalog of library material in the world at If one finds a publication there and types in his or her zip code the page will advise if the publication is cataloged in a nearby library, and it will reference commercial publishers of the publication, so this search device is often used initially when doing research as it is efficient and saves time exploring.


Sharon Olds, poet, won the T.S. Eliot Prize and the Pulitzer Prize for her poetry collection Stag’s Leap: Poems (Alfred A. Knopf 2012) that contains intimate verses that chronicle the dissolution of a marriage of 32 years before and after the husband abruptly leaves his wife for another woman. Her books include Satan Says (1980), The Dead and the Living (1984), The Gold Cell (1987), The Matter of This World (1987), The Sign of Saturn (1991), The Father (1992), The Wellspring (1996), Blood, Tin, Straw (1999), The Unswept Room (2002), Strike Sparks (2004), and One Secret Thing (2008). Her poems have also appeared in more than 100 poetry anthologies. $19.58 hardcover $12.39 paperback $ 11.77 e-book at 114 pages Texas Tech Library PS 3565.L34 S73 Born in 1942 she is 72 years of age and former director of the Creative Writing Program at New York University in New York City.

Art on the Llano Estacado Art Sale & Exhibition opens on Friday June 5 with a ticketed $150 per person soiree and concludes on Saturday June 6 with a free public show and sale of the previous day’s unsold art in the Sculpture Court of Texas Tech Museum At the soiree Paul Milosevich will receive the 2015 Legacy Award. Here is the list of artists whose works will be offered for sale


If this Update began recalling war, let it end by recalling non-violence and peaceful change and improvement. On Saturday March 14, 2015 in Parliament Square in Central London England a nine foot bronze statue by sculptor Philip Jackson was unveiled. Mohandas K. Gandhi usually referred to by his sobriquet Mahatma meaning Great Soul [maha=great and atman=soul] depicted by his appearance as he visited London in 1931 for a constitutional conference. Prime Minister Cameron spoke at the unveiling and India’s finance minister participated

Gandhi arrived in London in 1888 at age nineteen to study law and after three years returned to India as a qualified barrister. He practiced law there and in South Africa where he learned the structures of government and their weaknesses including oppression of masses of people. He returned to India not to practice law again in the courts but to lead his people to freedom from oppression and independence from foreign rule, turning the politically unimaginable into the politically inevitable. He did it by force of character and willful public example without firing a shot.

The nine foot statuary stands on a substantial plinth so his place among the luminaries in this venue is monumental. They invite us to think and act large, not small. They invite us to stop our pettiness, particularly when we look at Gandhi and across the Square at Winston Churchill who said in 1931 while attending the same conference “He’s a seditious Middle Temple lawyer”. We need to reduce our snide and thoughtless speech lest some may remember it years later and find that it did not so much describe Gandhi as it discredited Churchill. Middle Temple is one of four Inns of Court that have the exclusive privilege to Call students to admission to the Bar as barristers in Her Majesty’s Courts.