Archive | June, 2014

Arts History Update on June 20, 2014

21 Jun

Arts History Update on June 20, 2014 by David Cummins

 

Tommy Hancock: West Texas Muse (63 minute documentary film 2014) directed by Dwight Adair is being introduced at Lubbock’s Alamo Drafthouse Cinema 120 West Loop 289 off North Slide Road on Sunday June 22, showings at 4:30 and 7:30 pm $20 per person that includes free admission to a later live performance at Blue Light Live 1806 Buddy Holly Avenue in the Depot District after 9:00 pm, performance by a put-together group The Sons of The Roadside Playboys https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5dkLlhV6HQc

 

Tommy X. Hancock resides in Austin, is now 85 years of age, but way back in the day Tommy was the owner of Lubbock’s fabled Cotton Club east of town and he fiddled and led the house band The Roadside Playboys, initially with Texas Swing Music but Tommy morphed onward into various styles, and he booked the leading musicians of the day into the Cotton Club. He and his wife Charlene Condray Hancock and children Conni, Traci, Louie and Joaquin traveled the Rocky Mountain area from 1972 playing as The Supernatural Family Band that was later inducted into the Country Music Association Hall of Fame. He is an inductee in the Austin Chronicle Music Awards Hall of Fame and the West Texas Walk of Fame in Lubbock where he was born and raised and is regarded as the Godfather of West Texas Music. When he no longer could perform as a master fiddler due to arthritis, he supported Texana Dames featuring his wife Charlene and their daughters Conni and Traci. Here is a 2011 video of Charlene on keyboards and daughter Conni Hancock playing some Texas Jumbo music as Texana Dames https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_7amC30WZkE Family picture here http://www.austinchronicle.com/music/2004-12-31/244698/

 

There will be DVDs of the film for sale and also of Lubbock Lights (2003 documentary film 80 minutes) in which Tommy, the Texana Dames, Terry Allen, Joe Ely, Jimmie Dale Gilmore, Butch Hancock, Lloyd Maines, Jesse Taylor and others appear. Texas Tech Library Digital Media Studio 1890.L297 (2005)

 

Best of all, Tommy is back in town June 22 for this event and will be present to greet viewers of the film and attendees of a brief incarnation of The Sons of The Roadside Playboys at a Lubbock night spot. Also attending is film director Dwight Adair. Flags in Lubbock should fly a little higher on Sunday June 22, 2014 because Tommy, a living legend, is back in his hometown.

 

Here is a video of Elvis Presley singing at the Cotton Club 6410 E. US Highway 84 [Slaton Highway] on October 15, 1955 http://www.elvispresleymusic.com.au/pictures/1955_october_15.html#sthash.xvY2emOV.dpbs at the invitation of its owner Ralph Lowe who would later sell the Club to the house band leader Tommy X. Hancock. A very young Willie Nelson, Little Richard, Wayland Jennings, Hank Williams, Harry James, Benny Goodman, Bob Wills and so many more sang and played there. The address was outside the city limits and this club seating 1,400 patrons broke all the social rules, inviting players and audiences who were African-Americans, drifters, hippies, and social outcasts as well as good ole boy West Texas cowboys and farmers. Everyone was welcome and it was one of very few venues for live music between Dallas and Los Angeles.

 

The Cotton Club suffered several fires and burned down more than once but Hancock just built it back.

 

One of the legacies of Buddy Holly was his wallet in which was found a membership card in The Club for Unappreciated Musicians. Buddy was member # 4. The card had been issued by Tommy X. Hancock. Godfather of West Texas Music is a title no one contests.

 

Tommy X. Hancock, Zen and the Art of the Texas Two Step: The Book on Dancing (World Wide Pub Co 1998) Texas Tech Library GV1624.T4 H36

 

 

 

now out of print but available at Alibris in very good condition for $15 a paperback.

Here is a video of the late Traci Hancock singing http://www.austinchronicle.com/daily/music/2012-04-02/the-born-traveler/

Rob Weiner, West Texas Musical Heritage (West Texas Historical Association 2009 Yearbook volume 84 pages 175-191

Advertisements

Arts History Update for very late June 2014

19 Jun

Arts History Update for very late June 2014 by David Cummins

 

RALPH – The Review of Arts, Literature, Philosophy and the Humanities

www.ralphmag.org has been an online magazine since 1994. It is saucy, irreverent and attitudinal. Two collections of its best reviews, articles, poetry, etc. are published in book form The Noisiest Book Review in the Known World: The Best of RALPH: The Review of Arts, Literature, Philosophy and the Humanities (volume I at 466 pages and volume II at 513 pages, each $25) (Mho & Mho Works 2013) but $29.99 at Amazon.com for both. The website contains an archive of its issues, so reading online without subscribing at $25 per year is an option. Contact RALPH at Box 16719 San Diego CA 92176-6719 phone 619-280—3488 or e-mail poo@cts.com

 

Here is The Roots of Buddhist Psychology by Jack Kornfield reviewed by L.W. Milam http://www.ralphmag.org/CH/buddha-kornfield.html

 

——————–

 

Italian Futurism 1909-1944 Reconstructing The Universe is a current exhibit at The Solomon R. Gugenheim Museum New York City February 21 through September 1 and it is stunning with more than 300 works by Balla, Boccioni, Bragaglia, Depero, Dottori, Marinetti, Pannaggi, Rosa, Russolo, Tato and others. Catalogue by Vivien Greene et al. at 352 pages with 338 color plates $60 Amazon.com $43.33. The first comprehensive exhibition of Futurism in America, with a focus on motion, if not the speed of a Lamborghini at least the chugging away of a Ducati motorcycle. Filippo Tommaso Marinetti 1876-1944 issued a manifesto Foundation and Manifesto of Futurism, Le Figaro newspaper, February 20, 1909 and the movement died when he died in 1944. He sought to shift the culture of the nation and to a degree, futurism did. While a strong writer he was an even better publicist and, when publicizing his own ideas, he was a fervent apostle. Necessarily radical, futurism focused on social conflict in the modern city and was influenced by Georges Sorel’s Reflections on Violence (in French 1908 exponent of revolutionary syndicalism, English translation T.E. Hulme 1912 TTU

Library HD6477.S523) but went further, Marinetti saying “we are aspiring to the creation of an inhuman type, one in which moral suffering, generosity, affect, and love will be abolished … naturally cruel, omniscient, and combative”. Yes, some Russian artists quickly jumped on the speeding train adapting futurism into Russian constructivism, but that story is not told in this exhibit. F.T. Marinetti: Critical Writings (ed. Gunter Berghaus, transl. Doug Thompson, Farrar Straus & Giroux 2006) and Marinetti: Selected Writings (ed. and transl. R. W. Flint, Farrar Straus & Giroux 1972) TTU Library NX600.F8 M37

 

Ester Cohen et al., Futurism (5 Continents 2009) $43.39 ABE Books very good condition $62.79

 

Richard Humphreys, Futurism (Movements in Modern Art Series) (Cambridge University Press 1999) $25.12 TTU Library NX552.A1 H86

 

Sylvia Martin, Futurism (Basic Art Series) (Taschen 2006) $17.34 TTU Library N6494.F8 M37

 

——————

 

Kandinsky: the intellectual innovator

 

Vivian Endicott Barnett, Vasily Kandinsky: From Blaue Reiter to the Bauhaus, 1910-1925 (Hatje Cantz 2013) $40.44 TTU Library ND699.K36 A4

 

Angela Lampe and Brady M. Roberts,, Kandinsky: A Retrospective (Milwaukee Art Museum June 5 – September 1, 2014 and Frist Center for the Visual Arts at Nashville thereafter, Yale University Press 2014) $40.65 [the catalogue for the exhibit at these two museums is expanded in the publication by the Press] https://www.mam.org/exhibitions/

 

Ulrike Becks-Malomy, Kandinsky (Taschen 2007)

 

Hajo Duchting, Wassily Kandinsky: 1866-1944 A Revolution in Painting (Basic Art Series) (Taschen 2012) $14.99 at 96 pages, always tastefully packaged at Taschen http://www.taschen.com/pages/en/catalogue/art/all/41940/facts.kandinsky.htm

 

Kandinsky and Franz Marc founded Der Blaue Reiter [The Blue Rider] group of artists in Munich Germany yielding the first abstract watercolor painting in 1910. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Der_Blaue_Reiter Kandinsky had studied art at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich beginning in 1896 after leaving a successful law practice / law professorship in Russia, and painted Der Blaue Reiter (1904). He returned to Russia in 1914 ending the Blaue Reiter period, when The Great War broke out. He returned to Germany at the invitation of Walter Gropius to join the Bauhaus group at Weimar 1922 – 1933 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wassily_Kandinsky Bauhaus was quickly troubled by right wing German politics and moved from Weimar to Dessau in 1925 and to Berlin in 1932 and was then dissolved in 1933 whereupon Kandinsky settled in Paris France. Here’s a 4 minute video of actress Helen Mirren in the Museum of Modern Art New York City admiring four original Kandinsky paintings. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0_YDrJoUe8s Art like music can directly enter one’s soul.

 

and of course his own writing: Wassily Kandinsky, Concerning the Spiritual in Art (1910) (transl. M.T.H. Sadler, Dover Pub. rev ed. 1977) $6.26 and Point and Line to Plane: Contribution to the analysis of the pictorial elements (Bauhaus Books 1926) (transl. Howard Dearstyne & Hilla Rebay, Cranbrook Press for Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation 1947, Dover Fine Art Series, Dover Pub. $9.83 and Guggenehim Museum Foundation 1979, Martino Fine Books 2013, reprint of 1947 edition only $7.95 but readable online free at https://archive.org/stream/pointlinetoplane00kand/pointlinetoplane00kand_djvu.txtat). The former in another format is differently titled The Art of Spiritual Harmony (Illustrated) (Martino Fine Books 2014) paperback $5.95 e-book $2.99. These prices remind us that we can purchase excellent art books at modest cost and have outstanding images in our personal space. Kandinsky Complete Writings On Art (eds. Peter Vergo and Kenneth C. Lindsay, G K Hall 1982 Faber and Faber 1982 two volumes at 924 pages Da Capo Press 1994 reprint one volume at 972 pages) TTU Library N7454.K3 (1982) writings are arranged in chronological order from 1901 through 1943. Da Capo Press paperback $40 is $29.14 at Amazon.com new and is $16.43 in good condition at ABE Books incl s&h.

 

 

The Blaue Reiter Almanac (eds. Franz Marc & wassily Kandinsky, Munich Germany 1912) (Viking Press 1974) (MFA Publications 2005 $17.73 296 pages)

——————————–

 

In January 2015 Microsoft Windows 7 operating system will go onto extended support that just covers the basics. You’ll still receive free security updates, but non-security-related hot fixes will only be available on a paid subscription and you’ll have to start the subscription before April 15, 2015. There will be no free support, Microsoft won’t honor warranty claims, and the company will not add new features.

 

By the way, Microsoft XP’s mainstream support ended on April 14, 2009 and it went into an extended support mode that ended on April 8, 2014; Microsoft Vista’s mainstream support ended on April 12, 2014 and it is now in extended support mode that will end on April 11, 2017.

 

If you are a Microsoft Windows XP operating system user today you should not use the Microsoft Internet Explorer web browser as it will make you vulnerable to threats your static operating system can’t handle. Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox are excellent free web browsers to download and install and I recommend them. Purchase a good anti-malware software like Malwarebytes or select a high quality free one like Avast, download and install it, and check on it regularly to see what it’s protecting against so you know the threat level, and take precautions and adopt safe practices. By continuing to use XP you decided to go alone into the nether world of computing so be intentional and risk averse as you travel that road.

 

So if you’re satisfied with the support you’re getting on Vista and Windows 7 operating systems, you probably won’t have much to worry about with Windows 7 for another four years.

 

At some point you may wish to embrace the contemporary Microsoft Windows 8 operating system and purchase, download and install it. It’s now easily able to be adjusted to the familiar Start Menu if you don’t want to use the Touch Screen modality most of the time. http://www.iobit.com/iobitstartmenu8.php

http://www.pcworld.com/article/2010820/how-long-will-microsoft-support-windows-7.html

 

—————————

 

Smithsonian Institution Archives of American Art is setting up a travel trip to Chicago Illinois for Spring 2015 led by art historian Carol Neuberger. It will include visiting renowned private art collections, an architectural tour of the city, curator-led visits to museums, a concert by Chicago Symphony Orchestra, and more. Contact Kira Neal for more information and cost, e-mail NealK@si.edu phone 202-633-8768

 

———————–

 

Take a Hike “across the pond”: 1. in Cotswold villages and lanes, and in the Duchy of Cornwall 2. walk the Thames Path for any part or all of 184 miles http://www.nationaltrail.co.uk/thames-path 3. Offa’s Dyke Path in Wales 4. Wales Coast Path is 870 miles http://walking.visitwales.com/long-distance/wales-coast-path/ 5. Anywhere in the northwest of England in or near the Lake District, the Pennine Way National Trail and Hadrian’s Wall Path6. Walk in the Scottish Highlands with the rangers at Aigas Field Centre at Beauly, Inverness Shire http://www.aigas.co.uk/aigas_field_centre_location.asp 7. in southwest Ireland walk the Beara Peninsula [part in County Kerry and part in County Cork], Killarney National Park and remote Sherkin Island.

 

——————-

 

Texas Plains Trail Tourism & Preservation Roundup for 2014 is July 30-August 1 at Canyon Texas, main venue is Panhandle Plains Historical Museum. Here’s the schedule and prices comprehensive $95 per person but ala carte as you wish http://texasplainstrail.com/Roundup?utm_source=Round-up+2014+Registration+Now+Open&utm_campaign=Roundup+18+May+2014&utm_medium=email

 

 

 

Never read Ulysses(1922) by James Joyce? The novel follows its protagonist Leopold Bloom through an ordinary day June 16, 1904 in Dublin Ireland. Bloom buys kidneys at the butcher’s, serves his wife Molly breakfast in bed, reads the mail, and visits the outhouse. He attends a morning funeral, runs an errand at the drug store, and inadvertently gives a man a winning tip about a racehorse. He bumps into an old flame, stops off for a sandwich and a glass of wine, helps a blind man cross the road, and ducks into a museum to avoid his wife’s lover. He gets into an argument at Barney Kiernan’s pub, ogles a young woman at the beach, and pays a hospital visit to a woman in the throes of a difficult childbirth. He spends the evening in a red-light district with young Stephen Dedalus, protagonist of Joyce’sPortrait of the Artist as a Young Man. Bloom feels paternal toward the young Dedalus, and sees him home safely. Finally, in the wee hours of morning, Leopold returns home to Molly, just as Odysseus returned to Penelope.Ulysses is the Latinized or Roman version of the Greek Odysseus found in Homer’s TheOdyssey.

 

Amazon.com $17.66 hardcover $2.70 paperback $0.99 e-book with introduction, map of Dublin etc. but you may read it free as a public domain item http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/4300 downloaded at this site 13,498 times in the last 30 days, if you were wondering if this modernist masterpiece were still popular. At 736 pages a download doesn’t equal a full reading. Probably many more people have started reading Ulysses than finished reading it. Spark Notes may help http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/ulysses/

 

 

“What is so staggering about Ulysses is the fact that behind a thousand veils nothing lies hidden; that it turns neither toward the mind nor toward the world, but, as cold as the moon looking on from cosmic space, allows the drama of growth, being, and decay to pursue its course.”

Carl Jung

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulysses_(novel)

 

Kevin Birmingham, The Most Dangerous Book: The Battle for James Joyce’s Ulysses (The Penguin Press 2014) 417 pages. For more than a decade, the book that literary critics now consider the most important novel in the English language was illegal to own, sell, advertise or purchase in most of the English-speaking world. James Joyce’s big blue book, Ulysses, ushered in the modernist era and changed the novel for all time. But the genius of Ulysses was also its danger: it omitted absolutely nothing. All of the minutiae of Leopold Bloom’s day, including its unspeakable details, unfold with careful precision in its pages. The New York Society for the Suppression of Vice immediately banned the novel as “obscene, lewd, and lascivious.” Joyce, along with some of the most important publishers and writers of his era, had to fight for years to win the freedom to publish it. The Most Dangerous Book tells the remarkable story surrounding Ulysses, from the first stirrings of Joyce’s inspiration in 1904 to its landmark federal obscenity trial in 1933. ABE Books new $18.08 Amazon.com $22.19 e-book $11.99——————————-

 

 

Captain Randolph B. Marcy US Army Corps of Engineers expedition of 1852 purpose was to trace the Red River of Louisiana to its source or headwaters. He was based at Fort Smith Arkansas but he started this expedition at Cache Creek near present Fort Sill Oklahoma, entered Wheeler County Texas on June 10, camped on June 12 where Fort Elliott was later located at Old Mobeetie, and entered Gray County on June 14. He camped near the present town of Lefors on June 16 at the head of the North Fork of the Red River. Marcy knew the Canadian River was to the north because he had visited it in 1849, so he traveled 25 miles north and found the Canadian, now assured that it was a distinct separate river. He returned south to the North Fork of the Red and traveled farther south to the Salt Fork of the Red River. He found a nearby stream of fresh water and named it McClellan Creek for his deputy George McClellan who would later become his son in-law and a Civil War general. A marker now exists several miles south of Pampa on Texas State Highway SH 70. On July 1 Marcy reached the main fork or Prairie Dog Fork [later named Prairie Dog Town Fork] of the Red River that flows southeast near Estelline and north of Childress where it begins to form the northern boundary of Texas and southern boundary of Oklahoma, an amazing meandering river that runs from the panhandle 1,222 miles before emptying into the Mississippi River [through the Atchafalaya] navigable below Shreveport Louisiana. http://www.redriverhistorian.com/maps.html

 

From a West Texas perspective the river system to the south of the Prairie Dog Town Fork of the Red River is the Pease River that flows past Copper Breaks State Park and the town of Vernon and empties into the Red River [the Roaring Springs Ranch Club is at the springs that is the headwaters of the Pease River http://rsrc.org/]. South of that is the Wichita River that flows through Wichita Falls and empties into the Red River. South of that is the Brazos River system that takes a southern turn and flows through central Texas to the Gulf Coast. South of that is the Colorado River that rises in Dawson County near Lamesa and flows southeast into central Texas, the capitol at Austin, and on to the Gulf Coast at Matagorda Bay http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rnc10

 

Nine years later Captain Marcy would be General Marcy during the Civil War.

 

Kenneth F. Neighbours, The Marcy-Neighbors Exploration of the Headwaters of the Brazos and Wichita Rivers in 1854 (reprinted in Panhandle Plains Historical Review volume 27 in 1954) $29 and (reprinted 1956) ABE Books very good condition $15. US Army Major Robert S. Neighbors was the United States Supervising Agent for Texas Indian Affairs from 1853. He was murdered at Fort Belknap on September 14, 1859 by Edward Cornett one of many people who thought of people like Neighbors as detestable “Indian lovers”. His murder helped the Texas legislature end the reservation experiment in Texas and move them in 1859 to Indian Territory next to Oklahoma Territory north of the Red River.Records of the Marcy Expedition of 1852 are displayed at White Deer Land Museum in Pampa Texas http://www.pampamuseum.org/-phs-appreciated.html and here is background for the historical marker referred to above http://pan-tex.net/usr/p/pampa-hist/redriver.htm

 

The town of Lefors in Gray County and headwaters of the North Fork of the Red River would become famous twenty years after Marcy camped there, when Colonel Ranald Mackenzie successfully led the US Army Fourth Cavalry against Comanche at that site on September 29, 1872 http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fma07

 

Tierra Blanca = white land, that is the source of the name of the museum, although the town of White Deer on White Deer Creek between Pampa and Panhandle is perhaps the more recent and direct cause for naming the museum, derived from both tierra blanca and a white deer. The town White Deer has a statuary of a white deer right on Main Street US Highway 60.

 

Tierra Blanca Creek rises in Curry County New Mexico and flows east by Hereford and Umbarger [forming Buffalo Lake at Umbarger Dam (1937) as part of the Tierra Blanca Water Conservation Project and the adjacent National Wildlife Refuge]http://www.fws.gov/refuge/Buffalo_Lake/about.html

and where Tierra Blanca Creek joins Palo Duro Creek east of the town of Canyon is the beginning of the Prairie Dog Town Fork of the Red River http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rbt49

 

Intensive agricultural capture of water and drought conditions mean that Buffalo Lake is often dry and the course of the Tierra Blanca Creek is hard to discern west of Hereford to and beyond the state boundary. We must trust the hydrologists who say it rises in Curry County New Mexico and flows beneath the surface. Las Escarbadas (1886) was a division headquarters building for the XIT Ranch 35 miles west of Hereford astride Tierra Blanca Creek or Draw http://nrhc.ttu.edu/structures/las-escarbadas/ and is now reconstructed (1977) on the site of the National Ranching Heritage Center in Lubbock. http://zisdesign.com/ranch/13.html Las Escarbadas means the scrapings, and refers to comancheros having come to this place where they scraped at the apparently dry draw and were repeatedly able to yield fresh potable water, so they would set up their trade goods and wait for the Indians.

 

Rio Blanco = White River but any river can be masculine Blanco or feminine Blanca. The town of Blanco Texas is White and masculine. Tierra Blanca Creek or White Land Creek is feminine. Rita = small river. Cañon Blanco = Blanco Canyon or White Canyon

 

Rio Colorado = river of red color, is the source of the name of the Red River, in French “Riviere Rouge” as it was called in Louisiana. Note bene: there are several red rivers, this one often referred to as the Red River of the South, while the Red River of the North flows north to Manitoba as the boundary between Minnesota and North Dakota

 

Robert Goldthwaite Carter, On The Border With Mackenzie or Winning West Texas from the Comanches (1935) (Antiquarian Press 1961 TTU Library Southwest Collection 45.2 C324) (Texas State Historical Association 2007 TTU Library F391.C337) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_G._Carter Carter was long-lived 1845 – 1936

Robert Goldthwaite Carter, Tragedies of Cañon Blanco, A Story of the Texas Panhandle (Gibson Brothers 1919) on microform at TTU Library

Robert Goldthwaite Carter won the Medal of Honor in 1900 for his service as 2nd Lieutenant Carter in the US Army Fourth Cavalry on October 10, 1871 at a battle on the Brazos River http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/rgcarter.htm He retired from the Army in 1876 due to disabilities as First Lieutenant and was breveted for Captain many years later. He was an avid writer. He served in the Civil War 1862-1864 as an enlisted man from Massachusetts, then went to West Point graduating in 1870 and being commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant. He served in the Mexico Expedition of 1873, the Remolino Coahuila Mexico Raid of May 18, 1873, battling the Kickapoo and Apache Indians when Colonel Mackenzie received orders at Fort Clark Texas to stop Indian cattle rustling. It was a successful Raid http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qfr03 Colonel Mackenzie was the most effective cavalry officer in the 1870s so it was no surprise when he was tapped to lead the Red River War of 1874-1875 to rid the Comanche from the Panhandle and Plains of Texas.

 

——————

 

 

Andrew Wyeth was a mid-20th century artist to whom we repeatedly return, currently in an exhibition at the National Gallery of Art in Washington DC titled “Looking Out, Looking In” May 4-November 30, 2014

“One of Andrew Wyeth’s most important paintings, Wind from the Sea (1947), is also the artist’s first full realization of the window as a recurring subject in his art. Wyeth returned to windows again and again during the next six decades, producing more than 300 remarkable works that explore the formal and conceptual aspects of looking both in and out of windows. Spare, elegant, and abstract, these non-figural paintings are free of the narrative element inevitably associated with his well-known compositions. This richly illustrated book presents a select group of Wyeth’s tempera paintings – many of them never before published or on public view – along with two essays that explore Wyeth’s fascination with windows.”

 

 

Nancy K Anderson & Charles Brock, Andrew Wyeth: Looking Out, Looking In, National Gallery of Art, catalog 192 pages $55 but $38.86 at Amazon.com.

 

Looking at Wind From the Sea (1947) we see through billowing curtains at an open window the scene from which Christina’s World (1948) sees the house on the hill that was Wyeth’s summer house in mid-coast Maine near Cushing. Wyeth 1917-2009 lived his entire life at Chadds Ford Pennsylvania, his birthplace, and at this summer house in Maine. His birthplace was the home and studio of his father N. C. Wyeth the famous illustrator 1882-1945. Andrew Wyeth was the youngest of five children Henriette Wyeth 1907-1997 the eldest, who married Peter Hurd in 1929 after he first arrived at Chadds Ford in 1923 http://www.wyethhurd.com/family.html The Brandywine River Museum of Art at Chadds Ford has Andrew Wyeth’s studio on display

http://www.thebrandywine.com/attractions/rivermus.html and http://www.brandywinemuseum.org/

 

Andrew became the most famous of all the Wyeth artists and came to the attention of the art world in mid-century as it turned toward abstraction whereas he was a realist and regional painter. Despite being out of sync with the style of the time his paintings continued to absorb collectors and viewers, especially those who could not understand the main abstractions of Pollock and others. He sketched a full scene but by the time he painted he had removed so much of the sketch material “boiling it down” he said, that what was left was often a scene of desolation, an enigma that required speculation to understand. He used a subdued palette and depicted objects symbolically as emotionally fraught places, usually absent human beings. We have all been speculating a good long while, and the recent publications help us appreciate the artist’s stance and agenda at the time he painted them. For instance, we learn that he first met Christina age 55, a paraplegic woman, but of course he painted her as a young woman perhaps 18-26 years of age crawling if not clawing in the field to make her way back to the buildings and life support. That painting at Museum of Modern Art New York City has been viewed by millions of people and is one of the most recognizable paintings in America. Many would not agree with my interpretation, nor should you.

 

David Cateforis, Rethinking Andrew Wyeth (University of California Press 2014) $48 at Amazon.com includes a collection of essays by different people about Wyeth and his oeuvre.

 

Richard Merryman, Andrew Wyeth: A Spoken Self-Portrait (National Gallery of Art 2013) TTU Library ND237.W93 A4 resulting from interviews with the artist over a long period

 

Wyeth and Edward Hopper were friends. In Nighthawks (1942) by Hopper we look through a diner window and see an employee and alienated unassociated patrons late at night, a snapshot of a stasis. We’ve always wondered if the diner ever came to life afterward or if this condition were its destiny.

 

www.andrewwyeth.com

 

Other artists were similarly engaged. 7 A.M. News (1976-1978) by Alfred Leslie shows a woman in her morning dressing gown seated at a breakfast table with newspaper in hand but she’s looking winsomely away despite what’s in the newspaper or flickering on the small television set on the table. She’s well to do but perhaps not doing too well or at least dissatisfied and emptied by what she reads in a newspaper and sees on television, as breakfast is in part an unattended soft boiled egg in its shell, in an egg shell holder beside her empty coffee cup. She is unfed. Leslie started as an abstract expressionist but went to a realist figurative style, especially adept at the contemporary woman with widened agendas and opportunities. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Leslie A Nouveau Realisme [New Realism] Manifesto was signed in Milan Italy on October 27, 1960 and many artists bucked the abstraction trend http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Realism

 

 

——————————

 

 

On June 10, 2014 the town council of Taos New Mexico voted to rename its Kit Carson Park as Red Willow Park, in disgust with Carson for having led and participated in the rounding up of Navajo people by the US Army in 1863-1864 and taking them on The Long Walk to Bosque Redondo near Fort Sumner, New Mexico Territory, the fort having been set up to guard the prisoners/residents of the new reservation. http://www.legendsofamerica.com/na-navajolongwalk.html Only a fraction made it there and back to Navajo country in 1868 after this failed ethnic cleansing experiment, so Carson is known by some as an Indian killer and destroyer of Navajo culture and livelihoods. Taos Pueblo is said to be the Place of the Red Willow, so the park’s new name refers to Taos Pueblo. http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2014/06/17/kit-carson-park-taos-nm-be-renamed-red-willow-park-155348 Fort Sumner was closed once the Navajo left and was sold to a rancher Lucien Maxwell in 1870. On July 14, 1881 Sheriff Pat Garrett found Billy The Kid in a Maxwell home bedroom and killed him. http://www.legendsofamerica.com/nm-fortsumner.html

 

The Bosque Redondo Memorial Museum (2005) designed by Navajo architect David N. Sloan is located at Fort Sumner State Historic Site and Monument 6.5 miles southeast of the town of Fort Sumner, New Mexico. http://www.bosqueredondomemorial.com/ Murals were installed in 2012 http://www.bosqueredondomemorial.com/phaseIII.htm

 

 

Stanley Marsh III age 76 died Tuesday June 17, 2014 in Amarillo Texas. Businessman turned artist and eclectic promoter of arts. he paid a group of artists d/b/a Ant Farm to create Cadillac Ranch off Route 66 now Interstate Highway 40 west of Amarillo. http://amarillo.com/news/local-news/2014-06-17 Cadillac Ranch is ten partially interred vintage Cadillac automobiles on Marsh property. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cadillac_Ranch They are usually brightly colored and folks feel free to paint on this public installation art. Ant Farm was a radical art and design collective that both designed and installed Cadillac Ranch in 1974 for Stanley Marsh III. When Doug Michaels, founding member of Ant Farm, died age 59 in an accident on June 12, 2003 the Cadillacs were all painted black in mourning. Perhaps they are now being painted black in mourning for Stanley Marsh III.

 

————————-

 

On June 18 Jeff Bezos and Amazon.com introduced the new Amazon smart phone called Amazon Fire. This is the first smart phone for Amazon, competing directly with Apple and its iPhones, Samsung Electronics and its series of smart phones, and Google smart phones. Amazon Fire has a 4.2 inch high definition display screen, a 2.2GHz processor, 2 GB of Random Access Memory, and its wireless connection is to AT&T at 4G speeds. It emphasizes quality access to streaming video music and games and the ability to shop at Amazon.com to purchase the wanted video music and games and enjoy it immediately. Its rear facing camera is 13 megapixels with an f/2.0 lens. Without a contract it may be purchased for $649 but with an AT&T contract it can be purchased for as low as $200. It is not set up as an open source wireless device so for now at least, AT&T is the exclusive provider.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arts History Update for late June 2014

13 Jun

Arts History Update for late June 2014 by David Cummins

 

http://www.ncaa.com/interactive-bracket/baseball/d1 NCAA Baseball Super Regional play finds four Big XII teams in the last 16, including # 7 Oklahoma State # 16 Texas Christian # 20 Texas and # 23 Texas Tech that plays College of Charleston on June 7-8 and on June 9 if tied at one game each. These games are on Dan Law Field in Rip Griffin Park on the campus of Texas Tech University. The eight winners of the Super Regionals advance to the College World Series in Omaha Nebraska. Texas punched its ticket first with two straight wins against Houston and is in the College World Series for the 35th team. Not a typo, the baseball history at University of Texas is awesome. Texas won the College World Series six times.

 

Oklahoma State lost two straight to UC-Irvine [Big West Conference]and will not go to the College World Series. Texas Tech defeated College of Charleston twice by identical 1-0 scores and is in the College World Series for the first time. Begins June 14 ends June 25 double elimination winners/losers brackets Texas Tech meets Texas Christian Sunday June 15 at 3:00 pm TV-ESPN2. Other schools are Ole Miss [Southeastern Conference], Virginia [Atlantic Coast Conference], Vanderbilt [Southeastern Conference], and Louisville [American Athletic Conference]. The Big XII Conference has three teams in the World Series.

 

Not to be overlooked are the winners of Division II and Division III NCAA Baseball titles in 2014, namely, Division II winner University of Southern Indiana at Evanston on the banks of the Ohio River, and Division III winner University of Wisconsin-Whitewater at Whitewater midway between Milwaukee and Madison.

 

What is significant about these championships is that major league baseball teams have scouts in the stands watching games and specific players of interest. The 2014 MLB Draft has already occurred and some of the players being watched are already drafted such as players on Texas Tech Red Raiders team: Chris Sadberry left-handed pitcher went in the 6th round, the 167th pick, to the Miami Marlins; Hunter Redman, catcher, 8th round, 249th pick, to Los Angeles Dodgers; Tim Proudfoot, shortstop, 21st round, 642nd pick, to Oakland Athletics; and Dominic Moreno, right-handed pitcher, 33rd round, 1,005th pick, to St. Louis Cardinals. None of these named players have signed up or contracted to play professionally for they are still “amateurs” and college “students” at least into late June.

 

Dreams do come true however as Kyle Freeland, left-handed pitcher for Thomas Jefferson High School in Denver Colorado, played well at University of Evansville that won the Missouri Valley Conference regular season, was drafted in the first round by his hometown team the Colorado Rockies, and he signed on Tuesday June 10 for a $2.3 million bonus http://mlb.mlb.com/news/article/col/top-pick-kyle-freeland-inks-deal-with-hometown-rockies?ymd=20140610&content_id=79133574&vkey=news_col He’s still got acne and he’s a millionaire with an infectious grin and a curve ball that doesn’t “hang” it “drops off the table” while crossing the plate.

 

————————

 

http://www.publishersweekly.com/pw/by-topic/industry-news/bea/article/62698-a-loud-start-for-bookcon.html BookExpo America May 29-31 had 10,640 attendees while BookCon for book consumers May 31 was capped at 10,000 tickets and people, both in New York City at Javits Center. Essentially, publishers use BookExpo in late Spring to confer among themselves and tout their new Fall line of issuance to independent booksellers, while BookCon is for readers/fans who want to meet authors and buy current books. As expected the publishers and second level retailers of books ranted about Amazon.com and its alleged predatory merchandising practices [translation: ranters rant at anyone who adopts different methodologies and is successful, leaving the ranters wishing they were equally successful, while they spew out abominations upon the successful]

 

————————–

 

Has electronic reading captured part of your reading? If so, be aware that an inexpensive way of accessing content is on offer, directly to your e-reader such as a Kindle, iPhone [smartphone], iPad tablet or Android tablet or other device [and your web browser on a laptop or desktop computer]

 

The New York Times (ad-free) $19.99 per month

compare to The New York Times All Digital Subscription at $35 for 4 weeks and even more expensive two day delayed print edition mailed to your home or business

The New York Times Latest News $1.99 per month

The New Yorker Magazine $5.99 per month

Foreign Affairs $2.99 per month

The Atlantic Magazine $1.99 per month

Salon $3.49 per month

The [London] Times Literary Supplement $7.99 per month as compared to $14 per month in print mailed to your home, a good example of the cost-savings in being an e-reader rather than a print reader, but the providers throw in so much more, like updates to articles, links to other articles on the topic, gaining access earlier electronically, and gaining access to the provider’s blog on the article, often quite refreshing and stimulating. The extras are so valuable that you will quickly realize that this is the way these providers of content really want us all to be connected so that they eventually can stop publishing on paper. Jeff Bezos predicted it and it may happen.

 

London Review of Books $2.90 per month

Reason Magazine $1.25 per month

Slate Magazine $2.49 per month

The New York Review of Books $3.49 per month or $41.88 per year as compared with $75 per year in print

Dallas Morning News $9.99 per month

Austin American-Statesman $9.99 per month

Houston Chronicle $5.99 per month

Fort Worth Star Telegram $6.99 per month

 

Just how does it work? http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B000GFK7L6/ref=s9_simh_bw_p350_d0_i1?pf_rd_m=ATVPDKIKX0DER&pf_rd_s=center-3&pf_rd_r=1TSPZTJDG0RM98NBJHWV&pf_rd_t=101&pf_rd_p=1560405542&pf_rd_i=2735187011 is the Amazon.com site for purchasing a daily The New York Times (ad-free) for $19.99 per month, and it wants you to be sure you get what you want, so the first 14 days is free, and if it doesn’t load into your Kindle or other device and be easily read by you, all you do is cancel, and your cost of trying it is zero. Before the end of the first month that you purchased, if you decide it’s not quite what you want, all you do is cancel, and your cost for a month and fourteen days was $19.99. Now here’s an enticement. If you subscribe at this inexpensive rate, you get free complete access to the website www.NewYorkTimes.com where stories are linked to other sources like Reuters so you can follow a story from several vantages and perspectives. Additionally you will likely find that you want to read and look at images online for some stories and on your Kindle e-reader for other content so this multiple or alternative access to content is significant and useful.

 

I don’t like recommending something to you unless I’ve experienced the dynamic so I subscribed to the Kindle edition of The New York Review of Books to which I’ve been a satisfied print subscriber for many years. Received a first thirty days free trial period and now have my Kindle June 19th issue and my print June 19th issue side by side for comparison. Caveat: My comparison is a dated one since I have a Kindle second generation released February 2009 so the experience on a contemporary Kindle Fire HDX released October 2013 would be on a larger screen, much better in color, at faster speeds on 4G wireless, while I have a six inch black and white screen, on 3G wireless Whispersync, and that’s an upgrade into an old generation Kindle, the oldest still supported by Amazon.com Digital Services. I am a dinosaur type who reads electronically but generally resists bells whistles and other gadgets and gizmos as they appear.

 

Kindle Releases: Kindle November 2007 [no longer supported], Kindle 2 February 2009, Kindle 3 August 2010, Kindle 4 October 2011, Kindle Touch October 2011, Kindle Fire November 2011, Kindle Fire 2 September 2012, Kindle Fire HD September 2012, Kindle Paperwhite October 2012, Kindle Fire HDX October 2013

 

One of the benefits of Kindle at Amazon.com is that many electronic items are audio-linked so one can switch back and forth between reading and listening to it being read to you. Each device is different but on my Kindle I press the Aa button and a dialogue box appears and I scroll down to Text to Speech and press Turn On and the item is read to me and the pages on the Kindle screen turn as the voice finishes each page. I either listen from the Kindle speaker or plug in my earplugs to the Kindle and listen directly into my ears and no one nearby hears anything [much preferred for quality and ability to hear anywhere without disturbing others].

 

Another singular advantage of electronic reading is that one can adjust the font and size to a preferred setting regardless of how the publisher chose to present it on paper.

 

Electronic reading can be done on multiple platforms. Kindle Cloud Reader is installed on my desktop at www.read.amazon.com so all the Kindle books I’ve purchased are there and I can read or re-read as I like on the computer monitor. You can start reading a book on Kindle and later go to Kindle Cloud Reader and that book is synced so that when you open it up it’s already at the page you left it on your Kindle.

 

By way of comparison the Lubbock Avalanche-Journal directly offers a digital only subscription for $9.95 per month so each day’s newspaper electronic edition [print replica style] is able to be read online on a desktop or laptop computer or any tablet or smart phone with access to the Internet. It’s optimized for three browsers Google Chrome, Microsoft Internet Explorer, and Mozilla Firefox, and for iPad tablets iPhone smart phones and Android 2.33 operating system and higher devices. In addition the subscriber has access to the newspaper’s website www.lubbockonline.com Sad to say, the user ratings are not high, often noting portions of the print edition that don’t make it into the electronic edition, and presentation electronically is below the standard we have become accustomed to electronically from other companies. Some have called the A-J the worst newspaper for any 200,000 and above population city in America, and that print quality level is likely to reappear electronically. Digital is not a quick fix but an entirely different medium methodolgy.

 

 

—————————–

 

 

 

Words and Pictures (2014) reviewed http://www.aarp.org/entertainment/movies-for-grownups/info-2014/words-and-pictures-review-trailer.html looks like a winner as a Summer movie, although it hasn’t yet arrived in Lubbock. Starring Clive Owen and Juliette Binoche http://www.washingtonpost.com/goingoutguide/movies/words-and-pictures-movie-review-clive-owen-and-juliette-binoche-bring-their-best/2014/06/04/72f637d8-e769-11e3-8f90-73e071f3d637_story.html

 

 

——————————–

 

Audra McDonald won her sixth Tony on June 8 for portraying Billie Holiday in Lady Day at Emerson’s Bar & Grill at Circle in the Square Theatre on W. 50th Street in New York City. McDonald previously won two Grammys as a singer.

 

This story of Billie Holiday through the songs that made her famous, refers to the time in 1959 when she performed at Emerson’s Bar & Grill in Philadelphia. It is bittersweet because that was her last public performance as she died on July 17, 1959 age 44 in New York City after a hospitalization resulting from illicit drug usage. She died in a hospital bed while under arrest by police. http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0407.html Holiday’s nickname was Lady Day, thus the name of the musical play Lady Day at Emerson’s Bar & Grill. The play attendees must know this history and know that what is being portrayed on stage is Holiday’s last performance in life. Audra McDonald could do that role only one right way and a host of wrong ways, to her credit she found the right way.

 

An autobiography is Billie Holiday, Lady Sings the Blues (Doubleday 1956 revised Penguin Books 1984) TTU Library ML420.H58 A3 Lubbock Public Library 13 H732L from which a movie Lady Sings the Blues (1972) was made starring Diana Ross telling about the troubled life and career of a legendary jazz singer.

 

One of many biographies is Donald Clarke, Wishing On the Moon: The Life and Times of Billie Holiday (Viking 1994) Lubbock Public Library B H732C

 

————————–

 

 

Degenerate Art: The Attack on Modern Art in Nazi Germany, 1937 is an exhibit at Neue Galerie 1048 5th Avenue just south of Guggenheim Museum in New York City March 13 – September 1, 2014. This is a well mounted and striking small exhibit. A larger and more comprehensive exhibit displaying 650 works was the 1991 exhibit at Los Angeles County Museum of Art titled Degenerate Art: The Fate of the Avant-Garde in Nazi Germany, that traveled thereafter to the Art Institute of Chicago. The catalogue at 423 pages is edited by Stephanie Barron & Peter W. Guenther, Degenerate Art: The Fate of the Avant-Garde in Nazi Germany (Los Angeles County Museum of Art 1991 republished Abrams 1991) TTU Library OVERSZ N6868.D3388 ABE Books in good condition $85 incl s&h.

 

The catalogue for the current exhibit is edited by Olaf Peters (Prestel 2014) 320 pages http://shop.neuegalerie.org/collections/bookstore-current-exhibitions/products/degenerate-art-the-attack-on-modern-art-in-nazi-germany at $60 or $51.09 at Amazon.com and $47.17 at ABE Books incl s&h http://www.neuegalerie.org/content/degenerate-art-attack-modern-art-nazi-germany-1937

 

Nazi is the National Socialist German Workers’ Party led by Adolph Hitler http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazi_Party and its motto was Ein Volk, Ein Reich, Ein Fuhrer one people, one empire, one leader. Hitler as a youth had applied to art school in Vienna but was not admitted. He went in another direction but was always interested in art and knew what he liked and disliked, the latter so intently that he was willing and able to punish artists for making art that displeased him. He used such art as a tool to inflame and excite the people. Accordingly, in 1937 he forced an exhibit of Degenerate Art [Entartate Kunst] in Munich at the same time he mounted a huge exhibit of approved art Great German Art Show [Grosse Deutsche Kuntsaustellung]. Following the Degenerate Art exhibit he forced the purging of museums and galleries of the art that displeased him. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, a German expressionist painter, 1880-1938 was so offended and brittle that he committed suicide. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernst_Ludwig_Kirchner http://www.bruecke-museum.de/englkirchner.htm Here is his 1931 Self Portrait to which he added yellow slashes in 1937 after his paintings were confiscated and removed from public view http://www.wikiart.org/en/ernst-ludwig-kirchner/self-portrait#supersized-artistPaintings-252133

 

 

—————————–

 

Ann S. Stephens, Malaeska, the Indian Wife of the White Hunter (Beadle & Adams Dime Novels June 9, 1860) was the first dime novel. It cost ten cents. Beadle & Adams would publish 320 more, thought by most to be cheap melodramatic pulp fiction. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dime_novel They were avidly read by many.

 

————————

 

The Sweetwater Texas National WASP WWII Museum at Avenger Field is bringing its story to the people. On June 14 it appeared in Buffalo Gap Historic Village south of Abilene with a program “A Chautauqua: World War II WASP (Women Air Force Service Pilots) the first women to fly American military aircraft and forever change the role of women in aviation” http://tfhcc.com/event/chautauqua-wasp-museum/ Hope a later stop will be Lubbock Texas www.waspmuseum.org I met one of those ladies and even in her later years “she was a pistol”. Other West Texas museums telling the World War II story are Silent Wings Museum http://silentwingsmuseum.org/ in Lubbock, Texas Air Museum http://www.thetexasairmuseum.org/ in Slaton [open Saturdays and other days by appointment, flight days are advertised such as Saturday April 12 when vintage aircraft PT-6, T-6, and Ki-51 were flown], American Airpower Heritage Museum www.airpowermuseum.org formerly CAF Airpower Museum in Midland, Hangar 25 Air Museum https://www.facebook.com/pages/Hangar-25-Air-Museum/169080189279 in Big Spring, and 12th Armored Division Memorial Museum http://www.12tharmoredmuseum.com/ in Abilene.

 

In addition, there are outdoor war memorials in several communities such as Texas Panhandle War Memorial http://eventseeker.com/venue/380018-texas-panhandle-war-memorial-amarillo at 4101 Georgia Street South, Amarillo and Lubbock Area Veterans War Memorial at 83rd Street and Nashville Avenue http://www.lubbockarts.org/Public%20Art/Lubbock%20Area%20Veterans%20War%20Memorial.pdf and http://hospitalitylubbock.com/place/veterans-war-memorial/ with an excellent slide show.

 

—————————-

 

 

Comanchero Canyons Museum in Quitaque Texas at 200 South 3rd Street will open later this year in a former Church of Christ building. No date is set yet. The website banner at the top has a photograph of a comanchero standing above his set out trade goods with a rifle as the most prized item for sale. We can imagine Comanches riding up to his location for the swapping or barter negotiation. http://comancherocanyonsmuseum.com history of comancheros http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/dfc02

 

——————————-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arts History Update for mid June 2014

5 Jun

Arts History Update for mid June 2014 by David Cummins

Maya Angelou was born Marguerite Annie Johnson in St. Louis, Missouri (1928), the author of six autobiographical volumes, including I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings (1970). As a teenager, she and her mom and brother moved to San Francisco. There she became a streetcar conductor, the first black person and the first woman to be one there. She was only 16. A few months after graduating from high school, she gave birth to a son. Later, she married a Greek sailor named Tosh Angelos and began using a variation of his surname — Angelou — for her stage name at the Purple Onion cabaret in San Francisco, where she was a calypso dancer. She toured Europe as a dancer in a government-sponsored production of Gershwin’s Porgy and Bess, and when she returned to the U.S., she settled in New York City, where she performed off-Broadway, sang at the Apollo Theater, and started going to meetings of the Harlem Writer’s Guild. She met James Baldwin and Jules Feiffer, who thought that she should write about her life in the manner that she spoke, in the “same rhythmical cadences with which she mesmerized” her friends and others with whom she interacted. She did, in I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. She passed away May 28, 2014 in Winston-Salem North Carolina at age 86.

———————

National Trails Day is the first Saturday in June each year. Take a hike. If you stay in town you could hike more than 3 miles of trails at Lubbock Lake National Historic Landmark http://www.depts.ttu.edu/museumttu/lll/visitus.html Or you could get into the Jim Bertram Canyon Lakes System at any one of the six lakes two of which are in Mackenzie Park east of Interstate Highway 27. Southeast of town is Buffalo Springs Lake http://www.buffalospringslake.net/ with miles of trails, that refers to itself as The Oasis of West Texas. A number of city parks have walking paths http://www.mylubbock.us/departmental-websites/departments/parks-recreation/top-navigation-menu-items/parks/park-amenities/walking-tracks Who needs a path? Make one of your own in any of the parks.

——————————

Some enjoyed the history of Texas in the early 19th century on these pages. Here is some history of Spain. The Revolution took place in 1868, later called the Glorious Revolution September 19-27, 1868, expelling Queen Isabella II to Paris France where she lived the remainder of her life, dying in 1904. The Prince of Savoy son of King Emmanuel of Italy was brought in and became King Amadeo I in 1871. He abdicated on February 10, 1873 followed by a parliamentary declaration of the Spanish Republic [later called the First Spanish Republic] by a parliament containing feuding radicals, republicans, democrats and others that couldn’t agree on a federal or unitary republic or much of anything else. Profound political and social instability and frequent bouts of violence, belatedly controlled by the army, followed. On December 29, 1874 General Arsenio Martinez-Camp announced the Bourbon Restoration of Monarchy bringing Isabella’s son in to be King Alfonso XII. His reign 1874-1885 and a regency for his infant son King Alfonso XIII lasted from 1874-1902 and stability endured while parliament was weak and subservient. In 1898 Spain lost the colonies of Cuba, Guam, Puerto Rico and Philippine Island in the Spanis-American War. The regency was led by Prince Alfonso’s mother Maria Christina of Austria of the Hapsburg Dynasty until 1902 when at age 16 King Alfonso XIII took the throne and kept Spain out of the The Great War [later called World War I] 1914-1918. He ruled until 1931.

In 1923 General Miguel Primo de Rivera seized power and became the King’s Prime Minister and dictatorial de facto ruler. By 1930 the Spanish populace and parliament were exhausted with both King and Prime Minister. The former fled to Rome, the latter resigned, and the Second Spanish Republic began April 14, 1931 until 1939 when it was replaced by a military nationalist rebellion led by General Francisco Franco in 1936 beginning the Spanish Civil War 1936-1939 against the republicans and others. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Spanish_Republic

The new 1931 Constitution established freedom of speech and freedom of association, extended suffrage to women in 1933, allowed divorce and stripped the Spanish nobility of any special legal status. Initially it also largely disestablished the Catholic Church, a trend that was somewhat reversed in 1933. The controversial Constitutional articles 26 and 27 imposed stringent controls on Church property and barred religious orders from the ranks of educators. Scholars have described the constitution as hostile to religion, with one scholar characterizing it as one of the most hostile of the 20th century. José Ortega y Gasset stated, “the article in which the Constitution legislates the actions of the Church seems highly improper to me.” Pope Pius XI condemned the Spanish Government’s deprivation of the civil liberties of Catholics in the encyclical Dilectissima Nobis.

The legislative branch was changed to a single chamber called the Congress of Deputies.
The constitution established legal procedures for the nationalisation of public services and land, banks, and railways. The constitution generally accorded civil liberties and representation, a major exception being the rights of Catholics.
The 1931 Constitution was formally effective from 1931 until 1939. In the summer of 1936, after the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, it became a dead letter after the authority of the Republic was superseded in many places by revolutionary socialist and anarchist juntas.
The Republican Constitution also changed the symbols of the country. The Himno de Riego was established as the national anthem, and the Tricolor, with three horizontal red-yellow-purple fields, became the new flag of Spain. Under the new Constitution, all of Spain’s regions had the right to autonomy. Catalonia (1932) [Barcelona region to the French border] and the Basque Country (1936) [foothills of the Pyrenees] exercised this right, with Andalucía [south], Aragón [central], and Galicia [northwest] engaged in negotiations with the government before the outbreak of the Civil War. The Constitution guaranteed a wide range of civil liberties, but it failed to agree on key points with the convictions of the conservative right, which was very rooted in rural areas, and with the desires of the hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church, which was stripped of schools and public subsidies.
Hitler and Mussolini sent munitions and money to General Franco, thereby tipping the scales in the Spanish Civil War while the United States and Great Britain refused to send aid to the Republic. France, Italy, Portugal and other continental countries expressed neutrality, all affected by the economic depression known in the United States as The Great Depression.
The Spanish Civil War was not limited to military battles but was brutal on civilians mostly by the Franquistas who were more powerful and ultimately victorious, but also by the Republicans. Once installed in 1939 as dictator Franco ordered more than 400,000 Spaniards, thought to be Republicans or sympathetic to them, to be incarcerated until released in 1947. Franco’s regime lasted 36 years until his death in 1975. King Juan Carlos I was brought in to reign November 1975 as a constitutional monarch with state power in the parliament. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monarchy_of_Spain
In 1936 George Orwell 1903-1950 went to Spain to report on the Civil War and instead joined the fight against the Fascists. His famous account describes the war and his experiences Homage to Catalonia (London Secker & Warburg 1938) (reissued Beacon Press 1952) Texas Tech Library DP269.9 O7 paperback by Important Books 2013 at $7.75. Incidentally, Orwell was a keen appreciator of art and wrote about many pieces of art. George Orwell, All Art is Propaganda: Critical Essays (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt 2008) 416 pages collects many of his writings on this topic.
The most recent book is Jeremy Treglown, Franco’s Crypt: Spanish Culture and Memory Since 1936 (Farrar Straus & Giroux 2013) Texas Tech Library DP270.T74.
At no time during Franco’s regime was there any serious attempt to make an accurate history of the Spanish Civil War or account for all the millions of affected Spaniards. Accordingly, even statistics are contested as we look back from such a distance. About 200,000 – 250,000 Spaniards were executed by Franco’s army and police. About 500,000 Spaniards fled the country. About 130,000 Franquistas were killed in the rebellion.
After Franco died the Spanish parliament passed an amnesty law Pacto del Olvido the Pact of Forgetting (1977) that protected members of the Franco regime from prosecution. For progressives they regard that law as illegitimate, but the rightists regard it as a binding pact. In October 2007 the Congress of Deputies passed the Law of Historical Memory recognizing the victims on both sides and conferring rights on them and their descendants, while formally condemning the Franco regime. Since then Spaniards have been in a constant battle over the past and its accounting in the present. Old debates and the works of those who labored under the pall of the regime and the consequences to family members of the strife have created a stalemate that keeps Spain from moving forward while political leaders say that moving forward is their goal. The Spanish youth declaim that they wish to be free of their parents, grandparents and great-grandparent obsessions and their melange of truths and falsehoods. A heavy price is being paid for lack of transparency and an incontestable record of history. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francisco_Franco

—————————

Notice the Chinese pistache trees planted in Memorial Circle at Texas Tech University. Live oak trees, forty of them, that will line the entrance boulevard on Broadway from University Avenue, will be planted with balled roots between late November 2014 and January 2015. These improvements on the gateway to the University have been well planned and executed.

———————–

Have you read the new monthly newspaper received free by postal mail? Metro Leader started in April and this June issue, only its third, is a fast improving issue that focuses on human interest stories that are informative, accurate, and pertinent to our lives. Cobey Shaver is a young reporter who writes a good story and has a good instinct for human interest stories. http://lbkmetroleader.com/ Its Lubbock office is National Mail-It, LLC, 5101 80th Street, Lubbock TX 79424 phone 469-667-9341 e-mail info@metroleader.com The Facebook page is http://www.facebook.com/lbkmetroleader Gary Garvey is the publisher.

http://amarillo.com/stories/090508/new_11176637.shtml Italian Prisoners of War Beautified Umbarger Church is the story line of this item, referring to World War II and the Hereford Texas Military Reservation where Italian prisoners were housed, similar to a German Prisoners of War group at McLean Texas Alien Internment Camp east of Amarillo http://www.texasescapes.com/TexasPanhandleTowns/McLean-Prisoner-of-War-Camp-Texas.htm about two miles east northeast off Route 66 outside McLean.
A PBS documentary was shown on television “A Cathedral in the Desert: The POWs of Hereford Camp 31” http://beamly.com/tv/episode/249566/a-cathedral-in-the-desert-the-pows-of-hereford-camp/?mb=117 Probably the residents of Deaf Smith County didn’t like their excellent farmland referred to as a desert, while parishioners at St Mary’s Catholic Church in Umbarger enjoyed the publicity.
The Hereford Military Reservation (1942) extended into Castro County and was used for United States military purposes as well as a part of it being Camp 31 for Italian prisoners of war, the first arriving there on April 3, 1943 and the last departing on February 7, 1946. The POWs constructed a small 13 square feet chapel for their worship. After the war ended the entire reservation was surplus and sold off for private farming and ranching but the retained part was the chapel and base of a water tower. It rested unused inside a farmer’s field for decades until Castro County Historical Commission started a restoration project yielding the completed Memorial in 1989 with a portion of a barbed wire fence adjacent to remind viewers of the camp confinement. http://www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WMF8YZ_Camp_Hereford_POW_Camp_Chapel_Hereford_TX At one time the number of POWs at Hereford climbed to 2,500 men.

Camp Hearne at Hearne Texas housed as many as 5,000 German prisoners of war, most from the German Afrika Korps from 1943-1946 http://www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WMFHY5_Camp_Hearne_POW_Camp_Hearne_TX and since most were NCOs [non-commissioned officers] and the Geneva Convention did not permit regular work details for such officers, the inmates constructed a concrete floor stage and audience section and performed theater for their own amusement and pleasure. There was also a large library by late 1945. There were small numbers of German POWS in Texas at Alto, Center, Chireno, Hunstville, Lufkin, San Augustine and Tyler http://www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WM83HD_Camp_Alto_Alto_Texas Life in German POW camps in Texas is detailed at https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qug01
If you go to McLean the McLean-Alanreed Historical Museum at 116 Main Street has a POW Camp display and photographs phone # 806-779-2731 and two blocks to the east is Devil’s Rope Museum where the history of barbed wire fencing is on display. Notice the restored 1929 Phillips 66 gasoline service station on Old Route 66 in town. http://www.roadsideamerica.com/story/26409 When you see those orange gas pumps you intuit, so that’s why Oklahoma State University at Stillwater wears orange and black on their sports uniforms. The home of Phillips Petroleum Company was Bartlesville Oklahoma and it was primary in the establishment of OSU. [later emanations ConocoPhillips, Phillips 66, Chevron Phillips and more] Bartlesville contains Price Tower (1956) designed by Frank Lloyd Wright that now includes within it the Price Tower Arts Center with displays about Wright’s design and several by an Oklahoma architect Bruce Goff http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Price_Tower who designed Bavinger House and Ledbetter House in Norman Oklahoma and John Frank House in Sapulpa Oklahoma, among others, all in the organic style. http://www.frieze.com/issue/article/no_place_like_home/ Castle Dwelling B&B near Cobden Illinois by Bruce Goff initially as Hugh Duncan House, is sometimes referred to as The Goff Duncan Castle http://brucegoff-castle-bandb.com/ documentary film http://www3.wsiu.org/television/infocusarchive/detailinfo.php?record=244

————————-

The annual Texas Book Festival October 25-26 in Austin Texas kicks off October 24 with First Edition Literary Gala at Four Seasons Hotel, a black-tie event at $500 per person. Attend and enjoy, or just attend the Festival that is free but you will definitely purchase books and paraphernalia of an amazing literary world in which Texas plays a singular role https://www.texasbookfestival.org/2014-first-edition-literary-gala/ Well-known respected authors are all around you as this is for them a rare day in the sun after so many years at the keyboard.

—————————-

War has produced fine literature.
Korean War: Joseph Heller, Catch-22 (Simon & Schuster 1961), I Am The Clay (Knopf 1992) by Chaim Potok, The Long March (Random House 1952) by William Styron, Indignation (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt 2008) by Philip Roth
Vietnam War: Tobias Wolfe, In Pharaoh’s Army: Memories of the Lost War (Alfred A. Knopf 1994), Tim O’Brien, The Things they Carried (Houghton Mifflin 1990), Michael Herr, Dispatches (Alfred A. Knopf 1978)
Iraq War: Kevin Powers, The Yellow Birds: A Novel (Little Brown 2012) Texas Tech Library PS3616.O88348 Y46 and his poetry Letter Composed During a Lull in the Fighting: Poems (Little Brown 2014) Tech Library PS3616.O883348 L48 The author was a machine gunner so the language is direct and violent “if this poem had fragments of metal coming out of it, if these words were your best friend’s leg, dangling, you might not care or wonder ….”
Literature is not reportage, of which there has been excellent writing from the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars. Quality is quality and enhances our inner soul, something media drivel and clanging do not touch.

A source of good literature is literary journals such as n + 1, The Missouri Review, and The Threepenny Review
https://nplusonemag.com/ print and digital magazine of literature, culture and politics where politics can be decoding the Stanley Cup finals between the New York Rangers and the Los Angeles Kings https://nplusonemag.com/online-only/my-life-and-times/stanley-cup-preview/ That’s as good as sports writing can be, so good that you read to the end even if you don’t know the teams or care like a fan about hockey. You know that it started sometime last Fall and still it isn’t concluded until high Summer in June? Beyond greed what does that mean? For a small slice of America too much is not enough? Another article discusses concert halls and classical music performed in them https://nplusonemag.com/issue-19/the-intellectual-situation/the-concert-hall/ but that’s a teaser in the current issue that is not concluded on the Internet unless you subscribe Digital Only $32 per year, Digital Plus Print $36 per year, print is three times per year Fall Winter and Spring issues. Benjamin Kunkel is founding editor.
Want to write or talk to n + 1?
68 Jay Street Suite 405
DUMBO District – not part of the address but boroughs are broken down into districts
Brooklyn NY 11201-8360
phone 718-852-2363
e-mail editors@nplusonemag.com
Texas Tech Library’s JSTOR electronic database has all issues of n + 1 from 2004 to the current Spring 2014 issue.
The Missouri Review by the University of Missouri, from 1978 http://www.missourireview.com/ is issued four times per year Fall Winter Spring and Summer issues. Subscriptions digital $24 per year, print per year $30, or two years $50, or three years $60. A sample issue of Spring 2012 is here http://www.missourireview-digital.com/missourireview/spring2012?fm=2#pg1 Texas Tech Library’s Project Muse Premium Collection has The Missouri Review in full text.
The Threepenny Review http://www.threepennyreview.com/ in Berkeley California is four issues per year $25 or $45 for two years. Here is a list of articles that you may read online and evaluate the magazine http://www.threepennyreview.com/readingroom.html current issue table of contents http://www.threepennyreview.com/current.html The editor Wendy Lesser recommends a current book Yiyun Li, Kinder Than Solitude: A Novel (Random House 2014) 337 pages $19.71 hardcover $10.99 e-book at Amazon.com and hardcover in very good condition ABE Books $11.65 incl s&h. Texas Tech Library PS3612.I16 K4. Read it and evaluate the Review vicariously.
An essay On Beauty and Judgment by Alexander Nehamas from the Winter issue 2000 is http://www.threepennyreview.com/samples/nehamas_w00.html here.

List of literary magazines or journals in print for ten or more years http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_literary_magazines I am a subscriber or former subscriber to several of these. Choose what interests you.

—————————–

Here is a 50 minute documentary film A World of Art: The Metropolitan Museum of Art (2009) http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/world-art-metropolitan-museum/

Las Calles Hablan [the streets speak] (2012) is a 55 minute documentary film on street artists in Barcelona Spain http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/las-calles-hablan/

Silent Wings: The American Glider Pilots of World War II (2007) (director Robert Child) 115 minute documentary narrated by Hal Holbrook and featuring Walter Cronkite and Andy Rooney http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/silent-wings/ begins with a possibility in 1941 of using gliders to supply materials and equipment to airborne troops dropped by parachute, followed by the stark realization of a German airborne attack with glider support on a Belgian fort that took the fort in a matter of hours, and some months later after having taken over mainland Greece, a German airborne attack with glider support took the island of Crete in the eastern Mediterranean in four days. From that moment on the American military was clearly focused on the need for airborne attacks with glider support and that required glider pilots who could make one way flights, land the glider and discharge its cargo, and become infantry to fight and connect up with airborne troops, penetrate enemy positions and eventually return to headquarters. One soldier flew five times behind German lines and successfully was repatriated with allied forces five times, a rarity. Of course he flew a new glider each time since they were disposable. Young men no doubt believed they themselves were not disposable and behaved with a courage and determination that we admire greatly.
Allen Todd 1920-2009 was a college graduate with a civilian pilot’s license so he volunteered for the Army Air Corps Combat Glider Program, trained at South Plains Army Airfield in Lubbock, and flew a glider on D-Day plus one June 7, 1944 in Operation Overlord in Normandy France, and was repatriated. He then flew a glider in Operation Market Garden in Holland, and was repatriated. He served out after the war ended in the U.S. Air Force Reserve retiring as a Lieutenant Colonel. He was instrumental in bringing the Silent Wings Museum to Lubbock. In his civilian career he was a commercial artist with The Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. http://lubbockonline.com/stories/092709/obi_497807453.shtml

All of these documentary films are free of charge on the Internet.

—————————–

Joe Garnett of Lockney Texas http://joegarnett.myshopify.com/pages/about-us is now mostly a painter but formerly he worked in Los Angeles as an illustrator and made celebrity portraits, movie posters and record covers. He is 75 years of age and his career is on exhibit at Buddy Holly Center’s Fine Arts Gallery June 20 – August 10 http://www.mylubbock.us/departmental-websites/departments/buddy-holly-center/fine-arts-gallery 1801 Crickets Avenue in Lubbock. One of the successful South Plains artists is back home with us. Hope he brought a suitcase full of that City of Angels [what a misnomer] money.