Archive | January, 2014

Arts History Update for early February 2014

29 Jan

Arts History Update for early February 2014 by David Cummins

Here is the schedule for Spring semester ATLC [Advanced Technology Learning Center in the west basement of Main Library] Technology Support training and short courses that are offered free to students, staff and faculty who have an eRaider account. Of course if you have joined the Texas Tech Library system you also have an eRaider account and would be welcome to attend any of these courses. If you are retired staff or faculty you are also entitled to gain an eRaider account. If some of the courses, listed by their software program name, are not familiar to you, just look up that software program on the Internet to discover what it is and then decide if you would like entry level instruction about it. Here is the course description on the website This is a way to try something out with a guide before you purchase it.

One of the courses is Online Reputation Management. Here is the description

This workshop will teach you how to Manage Your Online Reputation. First impressions are no longer always made face-to-face with a handshake. Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube, and other up-and-coming social media platforms have changed the way reputations are made ??? and ruined. With literally billions of people on social media, sharing, tagging and tweeting, it is important to be aware of your online reputation and to actively manage it. Topics for this workshop include why your online reputation matters, how to manage it and what we can learn from others who had to learn about online reputation management the hard way. This information is relevant to TTU faculty, staff and students in their roles at Texas Tech, and also in their roles as friends and family members.





ATLC has branch computer laboratories in five campus locations Student Union Building, Media and Communication Building, Coleman Residence Hall, Carpenter/Wells Residence Halls, and Bledsoe/Sneed/Gordon Residence Halls. The entire campus is Wireless enabled and Ethernet cable connected so networking is available, including IT support when something goes down or isn’t able to be accessed. 2903 4th Street, Lubbock


Hidden Views exhibit at National Ranching Heritage Center NRHC on the Texas Tech campus through March 15, is from the Center’s own collection in the basement. It features original works by Tom Ryan, Frank Reaugh, Milbie Benge, Robert Lougheed, Fred Harman, Peter Hurd, Jack Bryant and Garland Weeks. The title hidden means they were hidden from the public by being in the basement storage area. Through March 15 these are no longer hidden from the public. Presumably other “hidden” works will replace them so ultimately we will see the entire collection.

Tom Ryan 1922-2011 collected also at Haley Memorial Library & History Center in Midland and National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum at Oklahoma City and The Museum of Western Art at Kerrville

Frank Reaugh 1860-1945

Milbie Benge

Robert Lougheed 1910-1982

Fred Harman 1902-1982 author/illustrator of Red Ryder comic strip

Peter Hurd 1904-1984

Jack Bryant, Sr. 1929-2012

Boris Bernhard Gordon 1882-1976

Garland A. Weeks, Lubbock sculptor whose latest work is at The Lubbock Regional Public Safety Memorial (2013) at 6601 Quaker Avenue in Lubbock. Between Broncs is located out front of the NRHC main building.


A Fiber Arts Fair will be held Saturday February 22 from 10:00 am – 4:00 pm at Garden & Arts Center with spinning demonstrations, knitting and crocheting classes, and more. Contact Annie Dela Rosa for more information 806-767-3724 free event.

At the Buddy Holly Center there is an exhibit Private Collections: A Look at Lubbock Artists from March 7 through April 20. The featured artists are Eddie Dixon , Kathy Hinson Ann McDonald Susan Nall

and James Watkins

Visiting professor Adewale Adenle has an exhibit Critical Message: Drawings and Socio-Political Satire in the School of Art’s Studio Gallery through Sunday February 9. He provides a talk on the exhibit Friday February 7 at 11:00 am in English Building Room 106 and he will be present at the reception for First Friday Art Trail that evening at 5:00 – 7:00 pm at the Studio Gallery Here is his website

Matthew Del Nevo, Art Music: Love, Listening and Soulfulness (Transaction Publishers 2013) the book emphasizes the aesthetic experience of listening to art music as it both developed and disintegrated in Western civilization. The author addresses the art theory of Baudelaire, the music philosophy of Schopenhauer and Wagner, and takes a critical stand against modernist intellectual art music. $27.34 Kindle $19.22 ABE Books new $25.74 incl s&h

Robert Kraut, Artworld Metaphysics (Oxford University Press 2007) Texas Tech Library BH39.K665 Artworld Metaphysics turns a critical eye upon aspects of the artworld, and articulates some of the problems, principles, and norms implicit in the actual practices of artistic creation, interpretation, evaluation, and commodification. Aesthetic theory is treated as descriptive and explanatory, rather than normative: a theory that relates to artworld realities as a semantic theory relates to the fragments of natural language it seeks to describe. Robert Kraut examines emotional expression, correct interpretation and objectivity in the context of artworld practice, the relevance of jazz to aesthetic theory, and the goals of ontology (artworld and otherwise). He also considers the relation between art and language, the confusions of postmodern relativism, and the relation between artistic/critical practice and aesthetic theory.

Jerrold Levinson, Music, Art and Metaphysics: Essays in Philosophical Aesthetics (Cornell University Press 1990) BH39.L493 (reissued Oxford University Press 2011)

This is a long-awaited reissue of Jerrold Levinson’s 1990 book Music, Art, and Metaphysics, which gathers together the writings that made him a leading figure in contemporary aesthetics. Most of the essays are distinguished by a concern with metaphysical questions about artworks and their properties, but other essays address the problem of art’s definition, the psychology of aesthetic response, and the logic of interpreting and evaluating works of art. The focus of about half of the essays is the art of music, the art of greatest interest to Levinson throughout his career. Many of the essays have been very influential, being among the most cited in contemporary aesthetics and having become essential references in debates on the definition of art, the ontology of art, emotional response to art, expression in art, and the nature of art forms.

Theories of Art Today (ed. Noel Carroll, University of Wisconsin Press 2000)

What is art? The contributors to Theories of Art Today  address the assertion that the term “art” no longer holds meaning. They explore a variety of issues including: aesthetic and institutional theories of art, feminist perspectives on the philosophy of art, the question of whether art is a cluster concept, and the relevance of tribal art to philosophical aesthetics. Contributors to this book include such distinguished philosophers and historians as Arthur Danto, Joseph Margolis, and George Dickie.




Even though all is lost, we have not lost our sense of that loss. At some future time when we can’t even recall what we have lost, we won’t at that time know that we have lost anything, and it will be a complete surprise and perhaps too audacious to accept, when someone proposes something that actually existed long ago but of course we don’t remember it and can’t imagine how such a thing would be. We will likely reject it, unless of course everything is so bad that anything different is appealing.

Remember when our nation state and local governments were a representative democracy?


Art League of West Texas Foundation is bringing in Jerry Yarnell to provide an Acrylic Painting Workshop May 9-10 at 5th & J Gallery, 1106 5th Street northeast of LHUCA Louise Hopkins Underwood Center for the Arts. The cost is $260. For more information contact Kathryn Thomas 806-794-4655 or Jo Forbus 806-702-4574 e-mail . Website of Yarnell Studio and School of Art is located in Skiatook Oklahoma northeast of Tulsa.

Paint This With Jerry Yarnell is a popular television series that is broadcast on TV-PBS and KTTZ-TV channel 5 Lubbock on Fridays at 12:30 pm. Here is a 28 minute You Tube video of Yarnell teaching how to paint clouds in the sky

Library Thing is an Internet book site free registration where you can create a virtual library of the books you’re reading, those you’ve read, those you own, and those in which you have some interest. You can create several collections and so categorize your reading. Among other services the website offers, is an Internet book discussion group called One Library Thing, One Book Discussion of Dave Eggers, The Circle started November 18, 2013. Discussion of Oscar Wilde, The Picture of Dorian Gray starts February 10, 2014 and discussion of Neil Gaiman, American Gods starts March 10. The prior discussions are archived so you may access them and discover if you have an interest in that type of discussion. As with all social networking Internet sites, I strongly recommend that you create a unique “handle” or name and a secondary free e-mail account as an address, so that your true identity is unknown and unmarketable and you can at anytime withdraw from the site and be unbothered thereafter.


    On May 18, 2013 Joel Sartore, contributing photographer to National Geographic, gave a talk at Texas Tech Museum Jones Auditorium relative to an exhibit RARE: Portraits of America’s Endangered Species. The Great Courses now offers for sale a video course The Art of Travel Photography by Joel Sartore. Here is a video where he introduces the course It is $29.95 on DVD and two dollars less if you want to download it onto your computer and watch from your monitor A longer course taught by Sartore is Fundamentals of Photography with 24 lessons each 30 minutes in length DVD $79.95 video download $69.95


Miz Ayn Bowron and Michelle Denham re-opened the Mean Woman Grill, formerly in Levelland, now in Lubbock at 2103 Marsha Sharp Freeway south frontage road between University Avenue and Avenue Q from 11:00 am – 10:00 pm daily. Open to the public from Monday January 27, 2014. Watch the website for times when music will be played at this location. If you pick a banjo [or other stringed instrument] this is the kind of honky tonk where you are welcome to drop in and step up on the vacant corner stage and start strumming. If you play a known tune, don’t be surprised if someone joins you and sings that song while you’re playing.


Frederick William Rolfe 1860-1913 appointed himself Baron Corvo while living in Venice Italy. He was a British artist, writer, and frustrated aspirant to the Catholic priesthood with a bottomless talent for self-destruction. He was an imaginative eccentric. He was a knight of the Order of Sanctissima Sophia, a chivalry order, and was the namesake for the related Corvine Society. His novel Hadrian the Seventh (Chatto & Windus 1904) Texas Tech Library PR5236.R21 H132 is his most well-known writing, and was later made into a successful play by Peter Luke (April 1968 in London and later on Broadway in New York City starring Alec McCowen) Texas Tech Library PR6062.U4 H3. It posits that a contemporary Englishman is elected Pope by the Roman Catholic Church. Luke revised the novel to make Rolfe the Englishman elected to the papacy so McCowen played the character role of Rolfe. A.J.A. Symons wrote a biography of Rolfe titled The Quest for Corvo: An Experiment in Biography (Macmillan 1934, reissued New York Review of Books Classic 2001). A less regarded book is Miriam J. Benkovitz, Frederick Rolfe: Baron Corvo: A Biography (Putnam 1977) Texas Tech Library PR5236.R27 Z58

Dr. Robert Scoble received his Ph.D. in 2012 from University of Sydney in Australia. His dissertation was on Frederick Rolfe a/k/a Baron Corvo, and Scoble has since published a number of articles on Rolfe such as Raven: The Turbulent World of Baron Corvo in Stange Attractor, London (2013)

Sanctissima Sophia [most holy wisdom] or expanded to include the divine feminine relates back to Graeco-Roman culture. Guy MacLean Rogers, The Mysteries of Artemis of Ephesos: Cult, Polis, and Change in the Graeco-Roman World (Yale University Press 2012).

Artemis of Ephesos was one of the most widely worshiped deities of the Graeco-Roman World. Her temple, the Artemision, was one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, and for more than half a millennium people flocked to Ephesos to learn the great secret of the mysteries and sacrifices that were celebrated every year on her birthday. In this work Guy MacLean Rogers sets out the evidence for the celebration of Artemis’s mysteries against the background of the remarkable urban development of the city during the Roman Empire and then proposes an entirely new theory about the great secret that was revealed to initiates into Artemis’s mysteries. The revelation of that secret helps to explain not only the success of Artemis’s cult and polytheism itself but, more surprisingly, the demise of both and the success of Christianity. Contrary to many anthropological and scientific theories, the history of polytheism, including the celebration of Artemis’s mysteries, is best understood as a Darwinian tale of adaptation, competition, and change

$40.09 Kindle $27.49

The mysteries are the sacred liturgical events which initiates underwent to enter into membership within the cult, and through which members renewed their status by participation. Rogers earlier wrote The Sacred Identity of Ephesos: Foundation Myths of a Roman City (Routledge 1991) Texas Tech Library BL813.E64 R64. Ephesus is a tourist destination on the west coast of Turkey and I toured there visiting the remains of the prytaneion where the mysteries had taken place. Temple of Artemis that was once a wonder of the Graecco-Roman World


Just as there is a free Community Medical School at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, monthly October through May on third Tuesday at 6:00 pm, there is a free Community Law School but it is a single Saturday February 8, 2014 where eight 50 minute classes are offered in two adjacent rooms 107 and 109 at 8:30 am 9:20 am 10:25 am and 11:15 am. One can choose to attend a single class or as many as four classes among the eight offered. Co-sponsors are the Office of Dispute Resolution of Lubbock County, and the Lubbock Area Bar Association. Further information is available by e-mail to

8:30 am (1) Divorce and Mediation (2) Wills

9:20 am (2) Child Custody and Mediation (2) Guardianship

10:25 am (1) Child Support (2) Health Insurance and Health Law

11:15 am (1) Representing Yourself in Family Court (2) Criminal Law

The Law School is at the northeast corner of 19th Street and Indiana Avenue but entrance to it is from 18th Street just south of United Spirit Arena. Public parking is available in assigned parking spots for a public event morning like this, so arrive and pretty much park where you wish.



Arts History Update for late January 2014

19 Jan

Arts History Update for late January 2014 by David Cummins

Early voting in the March 4 Texas Primary Elections begins February 18 and ends February 28. If there is a runoff election between candidates it will be May 27 with early voting from May 19-23. Last day to register to vote in the primary elections, if a person is currently unregistered, is February 3. The primary elections in Texas are open primaries of each political party that has fielded candidates. Here are the candidates who have filed for office in the Texas primary elections Once you vote in a political party primary election you cannot show up and vote in a different party’s primary and you can’t vote in a runoff election of a different party. Translate: when you choose to vote in a particular party’s primary election, that is your sole participation for that primary election season. Two years later you may vote in a different party’s primary. For registration purposes go to the Lubbock County Elections office at 1308 Crickets Avenue [former Avenue G southeast of courthouse] phone 806-775-1338. Dorothy Kennedy posted a list of polling places for early voting and for primary election day voting and for post-primary precinct elections of political party officials for the precincts

——————————– Ed Miller will perform at a Bobby Burns Supper at Texas Tech Club Saturday January 25 at 6:00 pm $30 prime rib dinner per person plus a taste of haggis [yes, that’s sheep intestines so favored by Scots that they wanted to export it and lower mortality across the pond] open to the public not just members of Texas Tech Club. Call for reservations 742-4496. The Club is on the fourth floor of the east side of Jones AT&T Stadium 6th Street and University Avenue. This event may be on the fifth floor in a large Texas Tech Club room for gatherings.

If you don’t attend an annual Burns Supper [don’t know of any other in the Lubbock area], the previous evening January 24 Ed Miller will present Songs of Scotland at Tornado Gallery downtown in the Depot District 1822 Buddy Holly Avenue [former Avenue H just north of 19th Street on the west side of the street] $10 at 7:00 – 9:00 pm bring your own booze and food to the event if you wish those. Ed grew up in Edinburgh Scotland and is a Scottish folklorist now living in the Austin Texas area. You may sample his songs on the Internet at

If you wish to wait until warmer weather to wear your kilt, tam o’shanter or sash, the annual Texas Scottish Festival and Highland Games is May 2-4, 2014 at University of Texas at Arlington Maverick Stadium


The art of Liam Gillick is enervating His essay Pourquoir Travailler? [Why Work?] was made physical and encased in plexiglass to become a piece of collectible art (2011-2012) He’s one of those Young British Artists of the 1990s who played with neo-conceptualism and never quite recovered.

Here is Liam Gillick and the Bampton Lectures of 2013 at Columbia University and a Rotterdam exhibit


Gerald Dolter and Lubbock Moonlight Musicals opened the Moonlight Musicals Arts Academy with instruction in four arts disciplines: music, theatre, visual art and technical arts. For both children and adults. Inquire for more information through the website. Brent Wheeler is Academy director phone 806-470-7282. The Spring semester is January 21 through April 28 and classes meet at The Refuge 4308 58th Street.


Samuel J and Ethel LeFrak Center at Lakeside (2013) in Prospect Park, Brooklyn New York has two skating rinks, roller skating, and water play depending on the season and is a year round destination for skating and recreation. Pedal boats can be rented for ambling about on the lake. Architect is Todd Williams / Billie Tsien Scroll through five images of the new structure. This is a marvelous new public space.


Maria Mingallon will provide a free lecture at Texas Tech College of Architecture in the First Floor Gallery of the Architecture Building on Wednesday February 5 at 5:30 pm. Public is welcome. She is a chartered structural engineer with a degree in architecture and project director at McGill University School of Architecture Montreal Quebec Her dragonfly wing [bio-mimicry] structures are interesting.


Intersections: Art & Literature is the current exhibit January 3-31, 2014 at the Lubbock Municipal Garden & Arts Center address 4215 University Avenue at 44th Street. Here is a list of arts and community organizations that regularly use the Center      


Kevin Underhill, The Emergency Sasquatch Ordinance and other real laws that human beings have actually dreamed up, enacted, and sometimes even enforced (American Bar Association Publishing 2013) 362 pages $22.95 at Texas Tech Law Library K183.U53


Dire States: The Drive to Revive America’s Ailing Infrastructure The 2013 report card for America’s infrastructure compiled by the American Society of Civil Engineers ASCE says that the country is deficient and needs to spend $3.6 trillion to modernize. It all starts locally by identifying and working on projects in each local area. Dan McNichol is traveling the country to spur folks into taking collaborative action to get started. He’s driving a 1949 Hudson automobile on the tour to emphasize the age and deterioration of some of our infrastructure. He’s going to be in Lubbock at Texas Tech University Whitacre College of Engineering on Thursday January 16 at 4:00 pm in the Electrical and Computer Engineering Building, Room 217 [the Seacat Room named for the late professor Russell Seacat Jr ] and the public is invited.

Case Construction Equipment Company is sponsoring the tour, and of course its equipment would be used in many construction and improvement projects so it has an obvious commercial interest in getting infrastructure projects started. Dan McNichol is author of The Big Dig (2000) The Big Dig at Night (2001) Paving the Way: Asphalt in America (2005) and The Roads That Built America: The Incredible Story of the U.S. Interstate System (2006)


George Brock, Out of Print: Newspapers, Journalism, and the Business of News in the Digital Age (Kogan Page 2013) $18.27 paperback $14.72 Kindle, reviewed by Nicholas Lemann, On Borrowed Time, The Times Literary Supplement, December 20, 2013. This is an exceptional review, beginning with the proposition that we should stop paying any attention at all to self-congratulatory journalists who tell us how necessary and important journalism is to our lives. How they describe journalism is by their employment in the industry. How Brock describes journalism is “the systematic, independent attempt to establish the truth of events and issues that matter to a society, in a timely way” and he notices four sub-categories of this 1. verification, 2. sense-making, 3. witnessing, and 4. investigation. He makes the point that when this kind of journalism is done well, it is quite socially advantageous [i.e. it builds and supports a community]. When it is done poorly, it lacks those qualities and is just part of the din. To the extent that newspapers contain other content than journalism, they are no more and no less than instruments for dissemination of information and it is no surprise to anyone that such dissemination can be accomplished cheaper, more quickly and efficiently, and more widespread by digital media. Even middlebrow regional print newspapers are moving into dissemination of content digitally. Advertisers are reducing their purchase of space in print newspapers and increasing it in digital media which includes television and the Internet. Much of the advertisements in newspaper supplements is pulp, unseen and unwanted by a majority of its recipients, and a bad use of natural and human resources.


TEDxLubbockWomen is a locally organized event similar to a TED event [Ideas Worth Spreading] and is Tuesday February 11 at LHUCA Louise Hopkins Underwood Center for the Arts 511 Avenue K from 8:30 am – 3:00 pm light breakfast and lunch included $20 at door, reservations phone 806-766-0205. Marsha Sharp is emcee along with a list of headliner speakers and presenters. This is the second event for TEDxLubbockWomen the first having been held on December 1, 2012

An unrelated TEDxTexasTechUniversity event is three days earlier on Saturday February 8 at Lanier Center, School of Law, Texas Tech University 8:30 am – 3:30 pm $50


Artist and visiting professor Adewale Adenle will provide a gallery talk for his exhibit Drawings and Socio-political Satire in the Texas Tech University School of Art Studio Gallery. The talk is Friday February 7 at 11:00 am in English Building Room 106.

———————– 3D [three dimensional] Printing is the moniker given to an additive manufacturing process that robotically layers materials gradually creating a physical product using a digital model. Thus a software concept of a product can be made into a three dimensional physical object that is a model of that product. Of course there is no reason not to produce quantities of that model if it turns out to be functional after testing, so the 3D Printer machines can become robotic manufacturing machines. To make prototype and other models for testing and experimentation, the first models have been made from polymers and other plasticized materials [plastic] that are easily formed by adding layers and are somewhat durable. There is hardly any limit to the materials that could be used in this robotic additive manufacturing technique.

There is a 3D Printer called Makism 3D Wideboy one could purchase for $2,500 and actually produce prototype models from a CAD [computer assisted drawing] design. It’s obvious that an artist who conceptualized his/her design digitally could then produce a sculpted item using a 3D printer. Modifications to the design would then reproduce the sculpted item until it met the artist’s goals. At that point the artist would search for a robotics manufacturer that had the capability of producing the sculpture using the materials the artist desires for his/her completed sculpture. It’s also possible to manually paint or affix a patina in a traditional manner to a robotically produced sculpted item.

Conferences and expositions are going on across the planet introducing the 3D Printing technique and robotic systems that one can purchase for producing items. 3D Printer World Expo January 31-February 1, 2014 is at Marriott Burbank Airport Hotel & Convention Center, Burbank California. Southwest Airlines flies to Burbank Bob Hope Airport so one can easily attend this event.

Artists who will attend this expo and display their 3D printed art, include: Bathsheba Grossman, Kevin Mack, Bridgette Mongeon, Jake Hempson, Paul Nylander, Robert Vignone and Alejandro Pereira.


Arts History Update for mid January 2104

11 Jan

Arts History Update for mid January 2014 by David Cummins Splendid Treasures of the Turkomen Tribes from Central Asia was an exhibit at the University of Tennessee McClung Museum. Lahib Jaddo, Lubbock artist, is descended from Turkomen. and


Turkmen [or Turkmani] came upon naphtha fountains as they traveled into Central Asia and the Middle East, burning oil on the surface of the land The Seljuk Turks traveled all the way to western Anatolia. The ancient Greeks and Romans heard of and then witnessed the burning oil in Medea, Persia Turkmenia and Bactria. An active trading network in naphtha ensued. The 19th and 20th century petroleum extraction industry raised the stakes enormously for this global natural resource.




Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art in Bentonville Arkansas is a destination with an upcoming watercolor exhibit January 18 – April 21, 2014.




Saint Augustine of Hippo [Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis] 354 – 430 was born in Thagaste Numidia [contemporary Souk Ahras, Algeria] and was Bishop at Hippo Regius Numidia [contemporary Annaba, Algeria] on the north African coast. He spent only five years in Italy and elsewhere, living the rest of his life in north Africa and the last 35 years as Bishop. His writings were saved by friends and colleagues despite Vandals threatening and finally taking the city as he died. [The Goths had sacked Rome in 410 so the Aryan “barbarians” were expected in Hippo Regius] Thus his prolific writings became influential in medieval Christianity and beyond.


Peter Brown, Augustine of Hippo: A Biography (University of California Press 1967 rev. ed. 2000) Texas Tech Library BR1720.A9 B7 Paperback $26.96


Serge Lancel, Saint Augustine (transl. Antonia Nevill, SCM Press 2002) paperback $45.85


Henry Chadwick, Augustine of Hippo: A Life (Oxford University Press 2009) $18.76 paperback $11.85 Kindle $9.99


Miles Hollingsworth, Saint Augustine of Hippo – An Intellectual Biography (Oxford University Press 2013) $26.48 Kindle $12.49 at


Too much of this is hagiography and omits or brushes past the fact of his being a Manichean as a young man and then years later as a Bishop he launched deadly persecutions of Manicheans whom he would not tolerate. Nor does it tell the story of his marriage in Italy [outside the Church] and fathering of children, and while he was very happy with his wife and children, his mother Monica and Bishop Ambrose of Milan urged him to abandon his wife and children and enter into the Catholic priesthood. He did so and Monica was canonized for her services. No mention is made of the fate of his wife and children but we can presume their nasty brutal and short lives.


Most people ignore Augustine the man and focus only on his superb writings such as Confessions and City of God. I am not being unduly harsh or using contemporary standards to measure an historical figure. In his day and lifetime it was immoral to abandon wife and children and to kill and dispossess people from their homes and livelihoods due to their having a different religious perspective. He behaved in an immoral manner and it is fitting or appropriate to recall it. When it comes to his theology I am not expert enough to appraise much less contest his views, but to my contemporary liberal thought it seems unduly harsh to say, as he did, that if infants are not baptized in the Church before they die, they are doomed to perdition and the fires of Hell, for baptism is the exclusive manner of expurgating the original sin that is mankind’s curse.


How about John Calvin? D.G. Hart, Calvinism: A History (Yale University Press 2013). Some may think of Calvin as creating the Reformed Church or Protestantism but Calvin was a Catholic schoolboy in France when Ulrich Zwingli disagreed with Martin Luther, predominantly about the Eucharist, and assured that opposition to the Church in Rome would be bifurcated. Calvin found his way to Geneva and assured that the opposition would be trifurcated. Splits have been going on ever since in Protestantism including Calvin’s legacy Presbyterianism. In the United Sates we have Presbyterian Church in the United States PCUS, and Presbyterian Church in the United States of America PCUSA, and United Presbyterian Church in North America UPCNA, and the Presbyterian Church of America PCA, which after a 1936 lawsuit brought by PCUSA changed its name to the Orthodox Presbyterian Church. These splits and separations, each one being more exclusively true and legitimately “reformed” than the other, are a legacy from the continent. An example is the Scottish Great Disruption of 1843 , before and after which there were separations and mergers. Ministers and congregations seceded from the established Church of Scotland to form the Free Church of Scotland. The Dutch Reformed Church has another story line. With a few notable exceptions the overall story of Calvinism on the continent is its gradual atrophying in its ancestral homeland and its unlikely flourishing in the socially pluralist settings of America and other former colonies.


Calvinism has been various things to various people at different times and places. When Michael Servetus 1511-1553 successfully fled France with Catholic pursuers on his heels, he was surprised that his former Sorbonne colleague John Calvin in Geneva would throw Servetus in a cell and ultimately burn him at the stake. Servetus embraced his perspective of Calvinism but was sorely disappointed to learn that his life was lost in either Catholic or Calvinist hands. Lawrence and Nancy Goldstone, Out of the Flames: The Remarkable Story of a Fearless Scholar, a Fatal Heresy, and One of the Rarest Books in the World (Broadway Books 2002) paperback $12.62 Kindle $11.99 Texas Tech Library BX9869.S4 G57 Roland H. Bainton, Hunted Heretic – The Life and Death of Michael Servetus, 1511 – 1553 (Beacon Press 1953) BX9869.S4 B3 (reissued Unitarian Universalist Historical Society 2005)




J.D. Salinger 1919 – 2010 is the focus of a documentary film that will be shown on PBS-TV and KTTZ-TV channel 5 on the American Masters program Tuesday January 21 at 8:00 pm. The film focuses on the reclusive author’s childhood, work methods, marriages, and private world without getting too drawn into his classic novel Catcher in the Rye (1951) or Nine Stories (1953). It was in that year 1953 that he fled East 57th Street in Manhattan New York City, his birth city, and moved to a 90 acre wooded hillside in Cornish New Hampshire that he walled and turned into a compound where he stiffed an inquiring media and died 56 years later.


Holden Caulfield’s long and lonely search for self, may have lost its appeal for today’s teens who are reputed to respond to him “shut up and take your Prozac”. That says more about today’s mechanistic immediate outcome gratification teens and nothing at all about the character in the novel.


Salinger’s total published output during his life is the novel and 21 short stories including the stories of the Glass family such as Franny and Zooey (1961). Lately there have been rumors circulating that we will soon see publication of some of his writings that he refused to publish during his lifetime. His literary estate and his heirs could tangle about that, and at the very least, delay publication.


David Shields & Shane Salerno, Salinger (Simon & Schuster 2013) is a 704 page book that accompanies the documentary film, Texas Tech Library PS3537.A426 Z84, and is reviewed at James Campbell, Missing J.D. Salinger, London Times Literary Supplement, December 18, 2013.


Kenneth Slawenski, J.D. Salinger: A Life (Random House 2010) Texas Tech Library PS3537.A426 Z883 The author is creator of a website




Middle East Conflicts Memorial Wall (2004) is on the grounds of Illinois Valley Cellular Company in Marseilles Illinois astride the Illinois River. On the series of granite walls are inscribed the names of servicemen/women who died in one of the Middle East conflicts, primarily Iraq and Afghanistan. Here is a video of the Illinois Motorcycle Freedom Run in 2008 There is an annual motorcycle parade to and through this 5,000 residents town in north central Illinois.

A National Guard unit performs regular and routine maintenance and flag service protocol for the privately funded and constructed memorial. Donations are requested toward the future construction of a visitor center and small museum space. Here is the list of deceased service members whose names are inscribed.


People and families from all over the nation make pilgrimage emotional visits to the Memorial Wall. It is near Interstate Highway 80 on US Highway 6 west of Joliet Illinois.




Robert C. Koons, Ph.D. philosophy professor at University of Texas at Austin, will lecture on The Waning of Materialism: How the Revival of Aristotle’s Philosophy is Reshaping the Intellectual Landscape on Wednesday January 22 at 5:30 pm in the Playa Room, Student Union Building, Texas Tech University. Free. He is co-editor of The Waning of Materialism (eds. Robert C. Koons & George Bealer, Oxford University Press 2010) and author of Paradoxes of Belief and Strategic Rationality (Cambridge University Press 1992) Texas Tech Library BC199.P2 K66 and Paradoxes of Belief and Realism Regained (Oxford University Press 2000) BD541.K66. Sponsor of the lecture is the Institute for the Study of Western Civilization led by Stephen Balch, Ph.D.




Herb Williams, crayola sculptor, appeared in Lubbock at the 2011 Arts Festival as the featured artist, and again at his exhibit on the Proctor Park grounds of the National Ranching Heritage Center later in 2011, and and will appear again at Texas Tech Museum to provide a gallery talk for his exhibit The Call of the Wild. Here is a ten minute video regarding that exhibit The gallery talk is Thursday January 23 at 6:00 pm and there is a meet and greet the artist in the Memorial Room at 5:30 pm and a cocktail and hors d’oeuvres reception after the gallery talk.




Sometimes I’m asked a legal question, and when the topic is ownership of a chattel, i.e. movable physical personal property, and especially if the property is a piece of art, the first rule of law that comes to my mind in this day of less than firm morality, is “a thief cannot pass good title”. What better example of that rule of law than the judicial decision on Friday January 10, 2014 by United States District Court Judge Leonie Brinkema that the claim to the original Pierre-Auguste Renoir painting Paysage bords de Seine [On the Shore of the Seine] (1879) by Baltimore Museum of Art was better than the claim by its current possessor Marcia “Martha” Fuqua who said that she bought it for $7 at a flea market in West Virginia in 2009. While there was some credible evidence that Ms. Fuqua’s story is untrue, it didn’t matter to the judge who held that Baltimore Museum of Art had adequately proven its valid ownership prior to the date in 1951 when the piece of art was stolen from the museum. A thief cannot pass good title to anyone, so anyone receiving possession of the painting from the thief did not get good title and therefore could not pass good title on to anyone else who acquired it down the line of possession. One cannot pass better title than one has, even to a bona fide purchaser for value. The Baltimore Museum of Art will now regain possession of the painting and has already announced plans to display it in late March.


Are you feeling bad for Marcia “Martha” Fuqua? Don’t. She took the painting to an auction house in 2012 expecting to sell it and pocket the proceeds. The auction house recognized it as an original Renoir and thought it might bring a price around $75,000 so it advertised the piece of art for sale. The Baltimore Museum of Art saw the advertisement and sent its representative to inspect the piece. Finding it to be its owned piece of art that had been stolen so many years ago, it made a claim in court and prevented the auction sale process from going forward. As evidence was submitted the Federal Bureau of Investigation entered the dispute and took possession of the painting as intermediary. The outcome of the lawsuit is Friday’s decision. Was Martha Fuqua being truthful in her story of buying the painting at a flea market in 2009? Her brother Matt Fuqua, under oath, said his sister is a liar and he and she had seen the painting displayed in their now deceased mother’s home for many years prior to 2009. The mother Marcia Fouquet was an artist who specialized in reproducing paintings by the Masters and had extensive links within the Baltimore art community in the 1950s. Martha’s brother Matt said their mother was often asked if the painting was actually painted by Renoir and asked how she came to own it. Their mother always winked, smiled and declined to answer such questions. We can now surmise that she, the mother, had acquired the painting from a nefarious source without provenance of any kind, knew it to be an original Renoir, and simply enjoyed it hanging on the wall in her home for the remainder of her life. She should have but did not notify the true owner Baltimore Museum of Art that the painting had come into her possession. The Museum would likely have offered her a generous award for aiding the return of the painting. When her daughter inherited it, enjoyment on the wall wasn’t of as much value to the daughter who wanted to turn it into cash and went to a legitimate art auction house. The true owner saw the piece for sale and quickly acted to make its claim and stop the sale. Here again, if the daughter had notified the Baltimore Museum of Art or any legitimate art organization of the painting, that information would have been publicized and Baltimore Museum of Art would have come by and offered a generous award to the daughter. Matthew Barakat, Judge Orders Renoir Painting Returned to Museum, The Associated Press, January 10, 2014


Greed and immorality and are sometimes conjoined. I make this comment, not wanting to be harsh to Ms. Fuqua, but in recognition that she likely gave false information to a federal investigation into the circumstances of how this painting came into her hands. The FBI does not ignore or graciously look the other way when people provide it with material false information. We might expect the FBI to make a request to the Department of Justice to prosecute Ms. Fuqua for obstruction of justice and would not be surprised if it did so. Ms. Fuqua might have some sit down time in the same female prison where Martha Stewart sat for her obstruction of justice sentence. If you don’t know Martha, a local well-respected infectious diseases professor Thomas C. Butler, M.D. was charged with obstruction of justice in 2003 and sentenced on March 10, 2004 to two years in prison. He lost his job at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, lost his Texas medical license, and paid substantial defense monies, fines and restitution. After a stellar career his reputation went to tatters and he finished working at a Caribbean medical school after leaving prison.


If the FBI ever comes calling on you and there is anything you would like them not to know about you, call a good lawyer immediately before talking with the FBI. Honesty is always the best policy and it’s also the most moral thing to do, but if you can’t be honest without getting hurt, at least be silent. Don’t lie to the FBI or anyone with a badge.




Sidecar Theatre Company changed its January theatre offering at LHUCA Firehouse Theatre. Instead of the previously announced Agatha Christie’s Black Coffee, it’s now Alfred Hitchcock’s The 39 Steps January 16-18 and 23-25 evenings with an additional matinee on Saturday afternoons. $20. Tickets online at website. This community theatre company is presenting good work and merits our support.

Arts History Update for early January 2014

4 Jan

Arts History Update for early January 2014 by David Cummins


Children’s literature is remarkable for its illustrations and graphics, some of which is excellent art. The Caldecott Medal is awarded annually to an artist for the most distinguished American picture book for children. The National Book Award for Young People’s Literature often goes to a beautifully illustrated book. Cynthia Kadohata, The Thing About Luck (Atheneum Books for Young Readers 2013) won the award for 2013. It is illustrated by Julia Ko who also illustrated The Voice and the Pendant (2011) and Trial By Fire (2011).


Where can one see some of the best art in children’s books? The National Center of Children’s Illustrated Literature in Abilene Texas free admission.


The current exhibition is BAM! It’s a Picture Book – The Art Behind Graphic Novels November 14 – February 28, 2014. Prior exhibitions include The Lorax by Dr. Seuss June 9, 2102 – October 12, 2012 [Theodor Seuss Geisel 1904 – 1991 originator of The Cat in the Hat (1957) is Dr Seuss]


Debbie Lillick is executive director of the Center.




Terlingua (tongue of land) and Study Butte, four miles apart, are not ghost towns. They are lightly populated historic places west of Big Bend National Park, 78 miles south of Alpine Texas in Brewster County on Texas Highway 118, east of Big Bend Ranch State Park, and 63 miles east of Presidio. Cinnabar was discovered there in the 1880s, and mined because it yielded mercury. Places to stay include: La Posada Milagro (the inn miracle) Guest House and Casitas (small houses), Wildhorse Station (a well turned-out private house trailer), El Dorado Hotel and High Sierra Bar & Grill is adjacent to El Dorado Hotel, Terlingua Ranch Lodge , Villa Terlingua , Big Bend Holiday Hotel , and Big Bend Casitas . At Big Bend Ranch State Park near Lajitas 13 miles west of Terlingua by FM Road 170 on the Rio Grande River/Rio Bravo there are two lodging possibilities Sauceda Ranch House (3 rooms) $100 per room and Sauceda Lodge Bunkhouse (30 people divided by gender) $35. The weekly newspaper for the area has an article about lodging There are two large chili cook-off weekends that attract thousands so it’s best to avoid those if you want peace and quiet.


Butch Hancock lived for some years in the Terlingua area but has relocated to Wimberly Texas.!




Urban parks meet innovative technology and the outcome is invigorating spaces that attract people and with which people interact in ways few would have expected. Examples are New York City’s Highline from the meatpacking district through Chelsea , Chicago’s Lurie Garden in Millennium Park , and Dallas’s Klyde Warren Park The latter is a 5 acre deck park built over the Woodall Rodgers Freeway below. Designers put a cap over that highway and built the park on the cap, in this case with a view toward sustainable green space using native plant species.




Arts History Lectures are weekly at the Texas Tech Museum and will restart for the semester on Friday January 10, 2014 when Dr. Idris Traylor will speak on The Arts and Collecting in Imperial Russia. This is a postponed lecture from Fall semester due to inclement weather. The talk will be at 11:00 am in Jones Auditorium but prior to that an artist will show his/her work in the Sculpture Court at 10:30 am and there will be coffee and goodies to aid the conversations and visiting. The tariff has been $7 per session or $40 for the entire semester. On Fridays February 7 and 14 Museum staff will lecture on items in the renovated Davies Gallery of Southwest Indian Art that will reopen February 1. On other Fridays Dr. Christian Conrad and Dr. Michelle Kraft will split lecturing duties. This lecture series is a treasured program of the Texas Tech Museum Association hearkening back to the time when Rabbi Kline began arts history lectures. Yes, the Kline Room on the second floor of the museum is named for that gentleman.




In previous updates I seemed to harp on options to purchase a first smart phone with access to a carrier but without a contract with that carrier obligating the purchaser for the standard two years. Here is why I did so. At the post-Christmas moment in merchandising at Best Buy, it is offering an Apple iPhone 5c with 16GB free as long as the purchaser signs up for the 2 year contract, and it is offering an Apple iPhone 5s with 16GB for only $125 with that 2 year contract. There is a saying in merchandising “pay me now or pay me later” and these tantalizing deals are “pay me later” schemes. The purchaser is getting a smart phone that is good but is several iterations behind the cusp of what is available for more money. What is better? These two phones are well behind the cusp on the quality of the display – what you see on the phone. They are well behind the cusp on power since 32GB is standard and 64 GB is available and they are well behind the cusp on speed of access using 3G rather than 4G access systems. Here is Apple’s lineup of smart phones


At Best Buy there are no-contract phones The carrier AT&T is selling a Samsung A157 for $7.49 where AT&T will be your  provider of service [no activation fee when you activate at the Best Buy store or online at its website] without a contract. That means you can inexpensively get the smart phone, learn how to operate it over a one month or two month period with only charges for usage during that month or those two months, cancel the service with AT&T, and then go purchase the smart phone you really want long-term. The carrier AT&T is also selling a ZTE Avail2 3G for $49.99. The carrier Verizon is selling a Samsung Gusto2 for $9.99 and a Samsung Galaxy Legend for $89.99. The carrier T-Mobile is selling a Samsung t139 for $19.99 etc.


At Best Buy there are unlocked smart phones What is an unlocked phone? It’s a phone that is not locked to a single carrier, so the purchaser can shop between carriers for a good contract or no contract rate or simply purchase any carrier’s SIM card and insert that card into the phone and have so many minutes or digital data usage until the SIM card is used up, and then replace with a new SIM card. Many people who own smart phones in the United States will purchase an unlocked phone when they travel to a foreign destination and then insert a SIM card for the carrier that serves that country or countries of destination, usually purchasing the SIM card locally and inexpensively within the destination country. When the purchaser gets home to the United States s/he just tosses the unlocked phone in a drawer and forgets about it until the next international travel. Best Buy is selling a Blu-Jenny T172 for $29.99 [small display and I don’t recommend] or an HTC-Inspire 4G [large display, better phone and top speed] for $157.98 with a free SIM card. Just for comparison purposes you could purchase an Apple iPhone 5s 16GB unlocked smart phone at Best Buy for $900. sells SIM cards for 5 cents each for use on an AT&T carrier service with an unlocked phone, so that means you establish a rate of $10 per month to be a registered AT&T user and then buy a number of SIM cards and slip each into the phone until it’s used up and then insert a new SIM card. Very inexpensive way to be a smart phone user.


If you’ve read this far you may realize why I think for newbie users of a smart phone, the Consumer Cellular of Portland Oregon smart phone and the Jitterbug of San Diego California smart phone are very good values where you get a no-contract high quality phone and a great customer-friendly online and telephone support service to assist you, and decent monthly fees for fast reliable backbone service to a national big five carrier [depends on where you live, but the phone works anywhere you travel in the United States]. Consumer Cellular offers a Samsung Rugby Smart for $150 or an Apple iPhone 5s for $650, free shipping and free activation and low monthly rates for carrier access. Telephone 1-888-345-5509 or go to the Sears store in the South Plains Mall if you wish to hold their phone in your hand.


Jitterbug Touch 2 smart phone is $140 with free shipping and free activation and low monthly rates for Verizon no contract carrier access. You even get the first thirty days of access free while you’re playing around trying to figure out your new Jitterbug phone. The phone is an HUAWEI Ascend Y300 [Android device (made by Google as an open source system device) using a sturdy processor and 3G access speed] and the user manual is online at the Jitterbug website to learn more about each feature of the phone. Huawei is a Chinese company with North American headquarters at 5700 North Tennyson Parkway Suite 500, Plano Texas phone 214-919-6000




The 2014 Whitney Biennial exhibition March 7 – May 25, 2014 will be the last exhibition at the current Whitney Museum of American Art 945 Madison Avenue at 75th Street one block east of Central Park and here is information about it Opening in 2015 is the new Whitney Museum of American Art designed by Renzo Piano currently being constructed in the meatpacking district. Building Project&play_id=400