Arts History Update for mid February 2013

1 Feb

Arts History Update for mid February 2013 by David Cummins


Llano Estacado History snapshot


Destruction of Spanish Armada in 1588 put new emphasis on land exploration and colonization in New Spain, particularly alto and baja California and New Mexico.


1598 and later – Spanish conquest by Don Juan de Onate of northern Rio Grande River area and establishment of control over the Pueblo Indian tribes and their neighboring Navajo and Apache. Spanish ruled from Santa Fe in the New Mexico province of New Spain. Several explorations crossed the Llano Estacado, primarily to access Quivira1 in Kansas or to visit the Jumano tribe on the Concho River near modern San Angelo, even exploring east from there to contact the Tejas Indians. Spanish maps and ease of travel across West Texas meant they knew well the water sources, vegetation, wildlife including bison, climate, and occupants.


Pueblo Revolt of 1680 occurred August 10 – 21 1680 and was a total victory during which Spanish fled Santa Fe and surrounding vicinities headed for El Paso and safety. This led to various Indian tribes including the Comanche, Kiowa and Apache gaining Spanish horses and adopting a horse culture. The Plains Indians almost immediately became expert horsemen/women and the Comanche raided from modern Colorado and Western Kansas down through Texas across the Rio Grande into northern Mexico.


Juan Bautista de Anza led two land expeditions for New Spain 1774 – 1777 with colonists from Sinaloa to Alta (northern) California whose capital was Monterey, traveling north up the California coast by land. He located the site of the Presidio of San Francisco and of the community of San Jose but did not establish settlements at either location. He was awarded the governorship of the New Mexico province of New Spain headquartered in Santa Fe. He led punitive expeditions against the Comanche in 1779 and 1784 near modern Colorado Springs and Pueblo Colorado leading to the Peace of Feb. 28, 1786 signed at Pecos Pueblo New Mexico2. That peace allowed the commencement of comancheros trading with Comanche Indians extending out throughout the plains, including the Llano Estacado, at sites like Lubbock Lake Landmark in Yellowhouse Canyon, Aztlan Park in Lubbock, and Cedar Lake in northeastern Gaines County, inter alia. Trading by comancheros helped the Comanche rule the Llano Estacado and nearby Rolling Plains of Texas and blunt the Anglo Texans’ intentions of extending westward from central Texas. Spanish New Mexico had no particular interest in West Texas which it saw as worthless and a good buffer kept by the Indians to blunt Anglo expansion westward.


Napoleon defeated Spain. New Spain became weak. Mexico became independent in 1821 and relatively weak in managing its northern provinces, losing a war with Texans in 1836 over the Tejas Province and a war with the United States in 1846 over land above the Rio Grande and New Mexico Territory to the Colorado River and California.


Cynthia Ann Parker 1827 – 1870 at age nine was taken by a Comanche raiding party near Fort Parker, modern Groesbeck Texas. She was named Nadua meaning “someone found”, and eventually married Chief Peta Nocona bearing him three children including Quanah who later became an illustrious chief. She and her daughter Topsanna were captured in December 1860 by U.S. Cavalry and Texas Rangers led by Sul Ross. She did not adapt to Anglo culture and died broken-hearted. Paul H. Carlson & Tom Crum, Myth, Memory, and Massacre: The Pease River Capture of Cynthia Ann Parker (Texas Tech University Press 2010)


Colonel Ranald Mackenzie [from New York] and the U.S. Army led punitive expeditions against the Comanche in the Red River Wars of 1871 – 1874, ultimately yielding a victory in Palo Duro Canyon by separating the Comanche from their horses and leading the last large Native American group into Indian Territory in modern Oklahoma. That freed up West Texas for Anglo ranching and settlements. By 1876 Charles Goodnight was ranching in Palo Duro Canyon for John Adair on the JA Ranch.


George Washington Singer, a Quaker merchant with wife Rachel and daughter Arena, arrived at Estacado Texas in 1881. He established a one-room store at the Lubbock Lake site astride Yellowhouse Canyon and served travelers on freight routes and supplied nearby ranches, analogous to earlier comancheros serving the Comanche Indians. George and Rachel’s son Perry was born in 1883, the first Anglo child born in Lubbock County. The first religious service in the county was held at Singer’s Store in 1890. When the town of Lubbock was founded that year, Singer moved his store to Main Street and Avenue H. Governor Hogg3made Singer the county’s first tax collector and state official in 1891. In 1897 Singer and his family, seeking better education for their children, moved to Kansas where he died in 1910.4




1Wichita and Pawnee Indian Tribes


2Pecos National Historical Park off Interstate Highway 25 where Pecos River and Glorieta Creek meet

3James Stephen “Big Jim” Hogg, father of Ima Hogg, art collector, founder of the Houston Symphony Orchestra, and philanthropist


4Frederic W. Rathjen, The Texas Panhandle Frontier (1973, rev. ed. Texas Tech Univ. Press 1998) is an excellent source for further information on all topics in this mini-essay.






A student dance organization at Texas Tech is Vitality Dance Company and another is Dance With Soul: Texas Tech Hip Hop Team These are not to be confused with University Dance Company which is students enrolled in classes with the Dance Division of the Department of Theatre and Dance These dancers are selected by Dance faculty for roles in Dance productions at the Maedgen Theater and at the Creative Movement Studio at Akron Avenue and 8th Street on campus. This Studio was recently constructed at a cost of $2.2 million and dedicated January 19, 2013 including the announcement of a Suzanne Aker Scholarship Fund for dance students. It was a retrofitting of a portion of the old Men’s Gymnasium and is adjacent to a current building project, the Petroleum Engineering Research Building. Dance Division faculty and staff have now relocated from Health Exercise Sports Sciences building on Main Street to the new Creative Movement Studio.


Dance Division faculty and staff must feel like peregrines. They were housed at the Women’s Gym building west of McKenzie-Merket Alumni Center but that space was needed for a new residence hall so the gym building was razed. Talkington Hall and Boston Commons Dining Facility are located there now. Dance moved to the former location of PrinTech on Main Street during that building’s renovation into a Health Exercise Sports Sciences building. Now Dance has moved into space designed specially for it as Creative Movement Studio. Look for a concert of student choreography at that location next Fall or telephone and go by for a tour before then phone 806-742-3601.




Bellingrath Gardens and Home is a 65 acre garden estate open to the public for its enjoyment since 1935 …. camellias in Winter, azaleas in Spring, roses in Summer, and chrysanthemums in Fall. After touring the gardens and home designed by architect George B. Rogers in 1927 , board the Southern Belle moored on the Fowl River and take a cruise. The address is 12401 Bellingrath Gardens Road, Theodore Alabama southwest of Mobile just off Interstate Highway 10.


Farther southwest is Bayou La Batre, a commercial fishing village with a seafood processing harbor. http: and nearby that is San Souci Beach where hedonists enjoy the Gulf of Mexico //





Here is the Widow Blakely, a 7.5 inch artillery piece [then called a cannon] used by the Confederate forces during the Siege of Vicksburg Mississippi by Union troops March 29 – July 4, 1863. It is now placed about a mile from where it was placed during the battle, on a bluff overlooking the Mississippi River so it could rain firepower down upon Union ironclad gunboats. Vicksburg National Military Park. The cemetery contains graves for 17,000 Union soldiers, so this crucial battle was won at a terribly high price.


Here is the story of the ironclad gunboats and one, the U.S.S. Cairo, that was raised from river bottom to stand in the Park as a reminder of the battle. Books include:


Triumph and Defeat: The Vicksburg Campaign (ed. Terrence J. Winschel, volumes 1 and 2 $16.95 and $29.95 Savas Publishing Co1999 and 2004)


William L. Shea & Terrence J. Winschel, Vicksburg is the Key: The Struggle for the Mississippi River (University of Nebraska Press 2003 paperback Bison Books 2005 $16.95) Texas Tech Library E475.27 S54




Get out of your comfort zone by attending the 12th Annual High Plains Prairie Chicken Festival at Milnesand Prairie Preserve north of Tatum New Mexico and 35 miles south of Portales New Mexico off NM Highway 206 on April 19 – 21, 2013. Cost is $125 per person and is limited to the first 100 people who register. Milnesand Prairie Preserve is a Nature Conservancy property after purchase of the 18,500 acre Creamer Ranch and then adding the 9,200 acre Johnson Ranch. The timing of the event coincides with annual mating activities of these grouse. Birding photographers and other naturalists will enjoy this outing Urbanites who don’t own an RV and don’t want to pitch a tent in what might be thought to be scrub land, could stay in a Portales motel and commute to the Festival, enjoy the meals tours and activities, and scurry back to civilization for an overnight.


In the last century the quantity of prairie chicken has reduced by 97% and they are under great stress. This attempt at preservation and sustenance of natural habitat is critical.





The Krannert Art Museum on the campus of University of Illinois has many interesting exhibits The Giertz Education Center within the museum provides art education materials to aid in appreciation and understanding of art at all levels from pre-school through college




Eddie Huang has done more in his first thirty years than many of us in our actual and three imaginary lifetimes and now the memoir is in print. Fresh Off The Boat: A Memoir (Spiegel & Grau 2013) reviewed by the New York Times He is co-owner with his brother of BaoHaus a Taiwanese street food restaurant at 137 Riverton Street [East Greenwich Village] that made quite a splash and then was closed and reopened at 238 E. 14th Street [at 2nd Avenue] a few blocks north Oh yes, he went to and graduated from law school but is much too frenetic to practice law, preferring to travel internationally and visit restaurants and other eateries to experience culture through food. Yes it’s for his television show on Vice TV on which he is a star, sometimes a crude star. He calls the television shows “Eddie Huang’s genre-bending venture into subculture through the lens of food”. Watch these video clips at your own risk.


The book is praised and available at [until of course Eddie goes into self-publishing and retailing, for yet another venture] $14.44 hardcover $12.99 Kindle.




San Francisco Jazz Center opened, $64 million having been spent, to raves and splendid reviews. A 700 seat Robert N. Milner Concert Hall is the performance space for major events. It is the first in the nation building designed for and devoted to jazz. The opening concert on Wednesday January 23 went well as Bill Cosby acted as emcee.


SF JAZZ is a non-profit organization that annually presents the San Francisco Jazz Festival, and is an education and nurturing organization for jazz in northern California. The address is 201 Franklin Street [at Fell] a block west of Van Ness Avenue. WBGO-FM Newark New Jersey and WWOZ-FM New Orleans Louisiana jazz radio stations broadcast the opening concert live for a national audience.


While jazz is everywhere, San Francisco is now a destination city for jazz performance.


Want to hear some cool jazz on your computer speakers? You can listen until you hear something you want to know more about, and then bring up the monitor and read what you are listening to, by whom, etc. This is commercial-free public radio jazz.




India Pale Ale or IPA beer is the style of ale that English breweries devised in the 19th century after they shipped ale to the colonists in India and it spoiled before arrival. The Brits made their ale more malty, aromatic, and pungently bitter with a blend of hops. American pale ale never had any spoilage issues in contention. It’s usually less bitter, moderately aromatic and hoppy, usually with a single hop rather than a blend of hops.


Texas examples of quality American Pale Ale include Pine Belt Pale Ale by Southern Star Brewing Co of Conroe Texas , and Brewer’s Cut Series Signature Hop Pale Ale by Real Ale Brewing Co of Blanco Texas .




Friends of the Lubbock Public Library is holding its Book Lovers Sale of previously owned books and related items Friday – Saturday February 8 – 9 at the Mahon Library basement downtown 9:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. open to the general public.




Charlotte Keefe wrote and performed her one-woman play If A Door Opens: A Journey With Frances Perkins at the Lubbock Community Theatre January 24- 26. The play was excellent and her performance thrilling. Keefe is a former Lubbock resident now living in Taos New Mexico. The book that inspired her to write this play is Kirstin Downey, The Woman Behind the New Deal: The Life and Legacy of Frances Perkins, Social Security, Unemployment Compensation, and the Minimum Wage (Nan A. Tales/Doubleday 2009) paperback $11.53 Kindle $13.99 at Texas Tech Library HD8073.P38 D69.


Perkins was Secretary of Labor in President Roosevelt’s Cabinet 1933 – 1945. Before that she was a member of the New York Industrial Board and later Director of the New York Labor Board. Afterward she was a Commissioner of the U.S. Civil Service Commission in the Truman Administration, and a professor at Cornell University.




The Tejano Monument is a 275 ton granite and bronze sculpture placed on the Texas Capitol grounds in Austin commemorating the role of Spanish and Mexican explorers and settlers and the advent of the cattle industry in Texas. Armando Hinojosa of Laredo is the sculptor.




Screen Actors Guild [SAG] Annual Awards were made January 27, 2013


  1. Outstanding Performance by a Cast: Argo
  2. Male Actor Leading Role: Daniel Day-Lewis in Lincoln
  3. Female Actor Leading Role: Jennifer Lawrence in Silver Linings Playbook
  4. Male Actor Supporting Role: Tommy Lee Jones in Lincoln
  5. Female Actor Supporting Role: Anne Hathaway in Les Miserables
  6. Television Ensemble Drama: Downton Abbey
  7. Television Ensemble Comedy: Modern Family





Here is a Google Earth way of looking at housing patterns in the built environment when we start with land development by plat, subdivision, and unified contemporaneous design and construction The City of El Paso director of urban planning Carlos Gallinar would have us inquire about the walkability and out of doors activity levels in a designed community. We might ask what adaptions can be made to serve those goals. Would those adaptions actually make the housing more desirable and more marketable?


Smart Code Initiative is what El Paso calls its desire and scheme to make housing communities in that city more livable. Mr. Gallinar recently spoke to a combined meeting of the Lubbock Chapter of American Institute of Architects AIA Lubbock , and West Texas Branch of U.S. Green Building Council . An explanation of Smart Code is The Congress for New Urbanism promotes thinking about and considering approaches like Smart Codes .


The Lubbock Downtown Redevelopment planners are giving this matter serious consideration. Imagine Lubbock Together is a community-based approach toward intentional redesign and redevelopment of the city and area A Vision Summit was recently held .





Inside Llewyn Davis (film 2013) produced by the Coen Brothers Joel and Ethan, doesn’t yet have a buyer or distributor in the USA but it’s been purchased and will first be distributed in France. It’s a story about folk singing in cafes and bars near MacDougal Street in Greenwich Village in 1961, back in the day when young Bob Dylan may have dropped in. Look for it on screens next Fall.








































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