Archive | February, 2013

Arts History Update for beyond mid February 2013

8 Feb

Arts History Update for beyond mid February 2013 by David Cummins


Raphaella Spence takes a photograph of a landscape and then paints it in her hyper-realistic technique Recent paintings are on display through March 10 at Kunsthalle Tubingen Germany. She is part of another exhibit Photorealism Revisited at Oklahoma City Museum of Art January 24 – April 21 and




Books about architecture in Lubbock include:


Gary Wooten Smith, A Guide to Lubbock’s Architectural Heritage (City of Lubbock 1993) Texas Tech Arch Library NA735.L94 S56


City of Lubbock Planning Department, Architecture in Lubbock: A Guide for Identification and Preservation (Center for Public Service Texas Tech Univ. 1979) Texas Tech Arch Library NA735.L94 A6


Elizabeth Skidmore Sasser, Dugout to Deco: Building in West Texas, 1880 – 1930 (Texas Tech University Press 1992) Texas Tech Arch Library NA730.T52 W488. Here is Lisa Sasser’s recollection of her parents’ home in Lubbock at 2512 46th Street. Lisa is an architect in Amherst New Hampshire. website Quid Tum Historic Structures Consulting


Samuel J. Ayers, Sylvan Blum Haynes: Dean of West Texas Architecture (Knowledge Center 2007) Lubbock Public Library 720.92 HAYN Texas Tech Southwest Collection TEX 72 A977 D281 Ayers is currently principal of Estacado High School In Lubbock.


Radio spots on the show Shape of Texas by Texas Society of Architects that focused on Lubbock are listed here and you can click on each and listen to the podcast.




Did you know that there is in Lubbock a rock carved into a likeness of the face and head of the late film star John Wayne? Here is the story. In 1979 a hillside in Malibu California was eroding, threatening to unleash rocks down onto the Pacific Coast Highway and businesses and ocean-front homes below. Highway engineers created a soft fall area and dislodged by dynamite a 116 ton boulder and smaller boulders and brought them down off the hillside safely. Dynamite further reduced the largest boulder into manageable size smaller boulders. Local sculptor Brett-Livingstone Strong paid $100 for a 12.5 ton chunk and exported it to a shopping center parking lot in Century City California where he carved it into the face and head of John Wayne. He idolized Wayne because Strong was an Australian with ambition whom Wayne helped to get a green card for entry into the United States. An Arizona tycoon bought the sculpture and it was donated by Thomas Murphy in 1985 to Lubbock Christian University where it is displayed in the Moody Library / Mabee Learning Center on campus, It is situated in the periodicals room. Dover Avenue south of 19th Street is the location but the address is 5601 19th Street. Thanks to Paula Gannaway Interim Library Director for this information.




Deconstructivist Architecture in 1987 and 2012 at Museum of Modern Art New York City is written intelligently about by John Hill, Deconstructivist Architecture, 25 Years Later, World-Architects eMagazine, January 28, 2013 These world class architects and their principal designs are shown and discussed. Fascinating stuff.




The Metropolitan Museum of Art has an additional website that is thrilling as well as educational, inviting us to experience a glimpse of something that was inspirational to one or more curators of art. Modern Living narrated by curator Amelia Peck shows us the Francis Little House designed and built by Frank Lloyd Wright 1913 – 1915. Click on the narrated slide show and photographs that illustrate one of the first and finest Modernist homes in America.


The Met purchased the home but not the property on which it was located in 1972 and diligently disassembled portions of the home which were acquired and reinstalled in various museums in the country. The Living Room was reinstalled at the Met in New York City and that is what is displayed so well in the video above. On site we view it inside a large commodious museum but it once sat a dozen miles outside Minneapolis Minnesota overlooking Lake Minnetonka.




San Francisco War Memorial and Performing Arts Center includes War Memorial Opera House at 301 Van Ness Avenue that opened in 1932 , Louise M. Davies Symphony Hall that opened in 1980, Herbst Theatre where the United Nations Charter was signed June 26, 1945 after its unanimous adoption , the Green Room for receptions and dinners, and Harold L. Zellerbach Rehearsal Hall, all just west of City Hall and City Center.


San Francisco Museum of Modern Art at 151 Third Street will close June 2, 2013 for an expansion designed by Snohetta architects and will reopen in 2016. It’s a $555 million project Various collections from the museum will travel throughout the Bay area and beyond while the expansion is underway, so look for them.


Snohetta is the Oslo Norway multilevel collaborative architecture engineering landscape interior design firm that is international in scope and has a Ground Zero contract in lower Manhattan New York City for the National September 11 Memorial and Museum , and other major contracts around the globe. In Norwegian snohetta means snow capped, and the firm regularly takes a summertime firm retreat to the country’s highest mountain in central Norway. Since the snow capped mountain will not come to them, the creative intellectuals go to the mountain.


Snohetta won the preliminary design competition for the proposed new home of the Golden State Warriors NBA basketball team at piers 30-32 in San Francisco and a drawing is on the firm’s website.


The Oslo Opera House is one of their iconic structures





Fort Winfield Scott Building 1216, a barracks for enlisted members at one time, contains a treasure trove of murals painted by Army troops in 1956 and 1957 up on the third floor. Fort Scott adjoined Presidio of San Francisco which was eventually closed in 1994 and is now a National Park inside the city of San Francisco The Visitor Center of the Park is the former Officers Club at the Presidio . West of there, beyond the Post Cemetery and after passing under U.S. Highway 1 is former Fort Winfield Scott, closer to the bluffs overlooking the Pacific Ocean. Presidio Trust will now have to determine how to reclaim and display the murals for the public.


Upscale lodging is available at a renovated post building, formerly used as bachelor officer quarters, that is now Inn at the Presidio 42 Moraga Avenue. The first Wednesday of each month there is a free guided tour on a shuttle bus through the Presidio noon – 1:00 p.m. Reserve a space by phone 415-561-5401 or e-mail


Winfield Scott was a U.S. Army General notable for his activity in the Mexican-American War of 1846.


Want to tour some historic military locations or museums closer to home? Silent Wings Museum commemorates the activity at South Plains Army Airfield during World War II, later to become a major civilian airport Preston Smith Lubbock International Airport. Lubbock Army Airfield west of Lubbock 1942 – 1949 eventually became Reese Air Force Base 1949 – 1997 and now is Reese Technology Center. Between Yellowhouse Canyon to the north and the city of Slaton to the south is Texas Air Museum where a number of vintage military aircraft are affixed to the ground. An annual air show brings back still operable aircraft of that period; the next show to be held on June 6, 2013.


Commemorative Air Force Airpower Museum in Midland Texas is an impressive facility for telling the role of air power during the World War II era. To the east in Big Spring is Hangar 25 Air Museum on the grounds of the former Big Spring Army Airfield and its Bombardier School in World War II, and later 1951 – 1977 Webb Air Force Base. A civilian airport is in operation as Big Spring McMahon-Wrinkle Airport and two buildings are operated as prison facilities by the Federal Bureau of Prisons.


Farther to the east in Sweetwater is National WASP World War II Museum at Avenger Field. Women Airforce Service Pilots is WASP. Farther to the east in Abilene is 12th Armored Division Museum This storied division served in both the 7th Army and 3rd Army during the war in Europe.


Abandoned military posts in West Texas include


1. Fort Adobe Walls 1845 – 1848 near Stinnett,


    1. Fort Elliott 1875 – 1890 near Mobeetie ,
    2. Anderson’s Fort [supply camp for Colonel Ranald Mackenzie 1871 -1875] near Spur ,
    3. Camp Cooper 1856 – 1871 astride an early but failed reservation for Comanche and Kiowa near present day Throckmorton, Lt. Colonel Robert E. Lee commanded Camp Cooper 1856-1857. The reservation was closed in 1859 and Comanche and Kiowa were delivered to the Washita Valley in Indian Territory (now Oklahoma).
    4. Fort Griffin 1867 – 1881 near Albany or The Albany community stages an annual musical Fandangle at the site of Fort Griffin the last two weekends of June. BBQ dinner in town and then head out for the evening musical theater celebrating the opening of the frontier to Anglo settlement.
    5. Fort Phantom Hill 1847 – 1872 north of Abilene, on the Clear Fork of the Brazos River now adjoining Lake Fort Phantom Hill reservoir. it is a 22 acre site operated by a foundation set up by John Guitar to commemorate the activity there and its importance to the Texas frontier.
    6. Fort Chadbourne 1852 – 1870 near Bronte , that is in the process of being restored.
    7. Fort Concho 1867 – 1889 in San Angelo or which has an annual Christmas at Fort Concho event that is delightful.
    8. Fort Belknap 1851 – 1867 near Graham on the Brazos River in the Western Cross Timbers Region, a Butterfield Overland Stage Mail Line stop, the first south of the Red River.





Just learned that the Lesser Prairie-Chicken will be the focus at a meeting open to the public on Monday February 11 at 6:30 – 8:30 p.m. at Lubbock Memorial Civic Center Banquet Hall. The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service is considering putting this species into the threatened category under the Endangered Species Act. The public and scientific community are invited to comment or offer other input into the process concerning this grouse. Here’s information on the lesser prairie-chicken and its native habitat in Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Oklahoma and Kansas


Similar public meetings are being held this month in Woodward Oklahoma, Garden City Kansas, and Roswell New Mexico. Colorado has already placed the chicken under the threatened category.


Each meeting is preceded by an information gathering session from 4:30 – 5:30 p.m. for those of us who are unaware of how it came to be that this grouse has suffered such a sharp decline in the last century, estimated between 84 and 97% by different entities. This chicken can be seen at Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge but is not listed as present at Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge near Umbarger, indicating just how narrow and spotty its remaining habitat has become.


The Nature Conservancy’s Milnesand Prairie Preserve is south of Portales and north of Tatum New Mexico and is prime habitat for this grouse. Calling itself the Prairie Chicken Capital of New Mexico, the Preserve holds an annual Festival this year on April 19-21, 2013 at which mating rituals can be viewed at leks in the area. The Nature Conservancy does not hold or manage any land in West Texas north of the Chihuahuan Desert.


The principal activity of the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service office in Lubbock is said to be the Partners for Fish & Wildlife Program, by which landowners in the region are surveyed to discover who might be willing to voluntarily engage in a collaboration that would restore or improve wetlands or habitat, particularly for threatened or endangered species. The process doesn’t say what exactly is the type of thing that is constructed or removed on private land or what activity is agreed to be performed by the landowner on private land or allowed to be performed by the government on private land, or what is paid by the federal government to the landowner. I asked Don Wilhelm in Arlington for answers by e-mail He indicated that bushes that grow large like junipers and mesquite make grasslands unsuitable as habitat for lesser prairie-chicken so a part of the cost for juniper and mesquite removal will be paid by U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service and the landowner can either do the removal him/herself or contract it done by another person. It’s obvious that brush removal permits better grass production as feed for a landowner’s beeves, so what’s good for ranching is also good for natural habitat for birds, a win-win situation.


United States Department of Agriculture’s Natural Resources Conservation Service has a Lesser Prairie-Chicken Initiative to improve habitat in the five state region.


In November 2012 when the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service announced its intent to consider putting this grouse on the threatened list, an immediate response by U.S. Representative Randy Neugebauer was “it could drive ranching families and energy producers out of business” and U.S. Representative Michael Conway of Midland said “a listing will have permanent economic consequences for the people of Texas who live and work in the Permian Basin and the Texas Panhandle”. Is this knee jerk scare tactics political rhetoric? Isn’t there a sensible way to preserve species while actively engaging in extractive industries commerce?


Here’s a High Country News article concerning the Pinedale Wyoming area where a major natural gas producing company is negotiating for the right to drill 3,100 gas wells in sage grouse, pronghorn antelope and deer habitat on U.S. Department of Interior’s Bureau of Land Management land. The company wants to avoid directional drilling which it says is less productive and wants to provide less on site or near site mitigation of surface debasement by agreeing to off site habitat preservation projects it will agree to finance at other locations managed by BLM. The nature of this negotiation is seeking freedom to drill in whatever way it wishes and offering to pay a price for doing so that may have some habitat protection effect somewhere else. That sounds to me like the gas producing company isn’t trying to become the best it can be at its job which is to extract the gas with the lowest harmful impact on the surface and sub-surface, not just to extract the gas. The byline on the article reflects that impression Industry Walks a Fuzzy Line Between Preservation and Extortion: Gas Company Offers Millions for Permission to Maximize Drilling by Whitney Royster, August 8, 2005. Royster was then the environmental reporter for Casper Wyoming Star-Tribune newspaper. The BLM website gives no clue of any negotiation The article reflects wide disagreement between Wilderness Society, Oil and Gas Accountability Project, and Biodiversity Conservation Alliance on the one hand, and federal and state agencies like BLM and Wyoming Department of Game and Fish on the other hand.


Solomonic leadership can come from the players or from a higher authority. Real leadership extracts better behavior from all the players while setting an example for the future so as to avoid these stand-offs and contests rather than perpetuate them. One way to get this problem resolved is to ask the company to spend the millions it is willing to pay, on itself and its own capacity to drill with less harm to surface and sub-surface and less harm to habitat than it has previously caused during its business operations. While the company is discovering how to do its job better, BLM will defer letting any contract for further drilling in the Jonah Field, because it wants to see more mitigation in the well field that presently exists before it allows future well field activity, and BLM wants to see a higher level of mitigation during future drilling activity. The company can seize this opportunity to become the industry leader in surface and sub-surface protection and habitat protection, and step up to the next level. BLM does its best job of stewardship. In that way everyone wins.


Now back to reality. The High Country News article was dated August of 2005. EnCana Oil and Gas USA Inc. got the contract to drill all those wells and agreed to pay $24 million over ten years for off site habitat protection activities by BLM on other land away from the Jonah Field. This is a good picture of one of the gas wells in the Jonah Field south of Pinedale. Count the number of gas wells that have been drilled there since 2005 and billions in revenue for EnCana. Solomon never arrived to provide any leadership. We can only wonder what habitat is left in the Jonah Field. Back in 2005 the Wyoming Governor said it was “debilitated”.











































Arts History Update for mid February 2013

1 Feb

Arts History Update for mid February 2013 by David Cummins


Llano Estacado History snapshot


Destruction of Spanish Armada in 1588 put new emphasis on land exploration and colonization in New Spain, particularly alto and baja California and New Mexico.


1598 and later – Spanish conquest by Don Juan de Onate of northern Rio Grande River area and establishment of control over the Pueblo Indian tribes and their neighboring Navajo and Apache. Spanish ruled from Santa Fe in the New Mexico province of New Spain. Several explorations crossed the Llano Estacado, primarily to access Quivira1 in Kansas or to visit the Jumano tribe on the Concho River near modern San Angelo, even exploring east from there to contact the Tejas Indians. Spanish maps and ease of travel across West Texas meant they knew well the water sources, vegetation, wildlife including bison, climate, and occupants.


Pueblo Revolt of 1680 occurred August 10 – 21 1680 and was a total victory during which Spanish fled Santa Fe and surrounding vicinities headed for El Paso and safety. This led to various Indian tribes including the Comanche, Kiowa and Apache gaining Spanish horses and adopting a horse culture. The Plains Indians almost immediately became expert horsemen/women and the Comanche raided from modern Colorado and Western Kansas down through Texas across the Rio Grande into northern Mexico.


Juan Bautista de Anza led two land expeditions for New Spain 1774 – 1777 with colonists from Sinaloa to Alta (northern) California whose capital was Monterey, traveling north up the California coast by land. He located the site of the Presidio of San Francisco and of the community of San Jose but did not establish settlements at either location. He was awarded the governorship of the New Mexico province of New Spain headquartered in Santa Fe. He led punitive expeditions against the Comanche in 1779 and 1784 near modern Colorado Springs and Pueblo Colorado leading to the Peace of Feb. 28, 1786 signed at Pecos Pueblo New Mexico2. That peace allowed the commencement of comancheros trading with Comanche Indians extending out throughout the plains, including the Llano Estacado, at sites like Lubbock Lake Landmark in Yellowhouse Canyon, Aztlan Park in Lubbock, and Cedar Lake in northeastern Gaines County, inter alia. Trading by comancheros helped the Comanche rule the Llano Estacado and nearby Rolling Plains of Texas and blunt the Anglo Texans’ intentions of extending westward from central Texas. Spanish New Mexico had no particular interest in West Texas which it saw as worthless and a good buffer kept by the Indians to blunt Anglo expansion westward.


Napoleon defeated Spain. New Spain became weak. Mexico became independent in 1821 and relatively weak in managing its northern provinces, losing a war with Texans in 1836 over the Tejas Province and a war with the United States in 1846 over land above the Rio Grande and New Mexico Territory to the Colorado River and California.


Cynthia Ann Parker 1827 – 1870 at age nine was taken by a Comanche raiding party near Fort Parker, modern Groesbeck Texas. She was named Nadua meaning “someone found”, and eventually married Chief Peta Nocona bearing him three children including Quanah who later became an illustrious chief. She and her daughter Topsanna were captured in December 1860 by U.S. Cavalry and Texas Rangers led by Sul Ross. She did not adapt to Anglo culture and died broken-hearted. Paul H. Carlson & Tom Crum, Myth, Memory, and Massacre: The Pease River Capture of Cynthia Ann Parker (Texas Tech University Press 2010)


Colonel Ranald Mackenzie [from New York] and the U.S. Army led punitive expeditions against the Comanche in the Red River Wars of 1871 – 1874, ultimately yielding a victory in Palo Duro Canyon by separating the Comanche from their horses and leading the last large Native American group into Indian Territory in modern Oklahoma. That freed up West Texas for Anglo ranching and settlements. By 1876 Charles Goodnight was ranching in Palo Duro Canyon for John Adair on the JA Ranch.


George Washington Singer, a Quaker merchant with wife Rachel and daughter Arena, arrived at Estacado Texas in 1881. He established a one-room store at the Lubbock Lake site astride Yellowhouse Canyon and served travelers on freight routes and supplied nearby ranches, analogous to earlier comancheros serving the Comanche Indians. George and Rachel’s son Perry was born in 1883, the first Anglo child born in Lubbock County. The first religious service in the county was held at Singer’s Store in 1890. When the town of Lubbock was founded that year, Singer moved his store to Main Street and Avenue H. Governor Hogg3made Singer the county’s first tax collector and state official in 1891. In 1897 Singer and his family, seeking better education for their children, moved to Kansas where he died in 1910.4




1Wichita and Pawnee Indian Tribes


2Pecos National Historical Park off Interstate Highway 25 where Pecos River and Glorieta Creek meet

3James Stephen “Big Jim” Hogg, father of Ima Hogg, art collector, founder of the Houston Symphony Orchestra, and philanthropist


4Frederic W. Rathjen, The Texas Panhandle Frontier (1973, rev. ed. Texas Tech Univ. Press 1998) is an excellent source for further information on all topics in this mini-essay.






A student dance organization at Texas Tech is Vitality Dance Company and another is Dance With Soul: Texas Tech Hip Hop Team These are not to be confused with University Dance Company which is students enrolled in classes with the Dance Division of the Department of Theatre and Dance These dancers are selected by Dance faculty for roles in Dance productions at the Maedgen Theater and at the Creative Movement Studio at Akron Avenue and 8th Street on campus. This Studio was recently constructed at a cost of $2.2 million and dedicated January 19, 2013 including the announcement of a Suzanne Aker Scholarship Fund for dance students. It was a retrofitting of a portion of the old Men’s Gymnasium and is adjacent to a current building project, the Petroleum Engineering Research Building. Dance Division faculty and staff have now relocated from Health Exercise Sports Sciences building on Main Street to the new Creative Movement Studio.


Dance Division faculty and staff must feel like peregrines. They were housed at the Women’s Gym building west of McKenzie-Merket Alumni Center but that space was needed for a new residence hall so the gym building was razed. Talkington Hall and Boston Commons Dining Facility are located there now. Dance moved to the former location of PrinTech on Main Street during that building’s renovation into a Health Exercise Sports Sciences building. Now Dance has moved into space designed specially for it as Creative Movement Studio. Look for a concert of student choreography at that location next Fall or telephone and go by for a tour before then phone 806-742-3601.




Bellingrath Gardens and Home is a 65 acre garden estate open to the public for its enjoyment since 1935 …. camellias in Winter, azaleas in Spring, roses in Summer, and chrysanthemums in Fall. After touring the gardens and home designed by architect George B. Rogers in 1927 , board the Southern Belle moored on the Fowl River and take a cruise. The address is 12401 Bellingrath Gardens Road, Theodore Alabama southwest of Mobile just off Interstate Highway 10.


Farther southwest is Bayou La Batre, a commercial fishing village with a seafood processing harbor. http: and nearby that is San Souci Beach where hedonists enjoy the Gulf of Mexico //





Here is the Widow Blakely, a 7.5 inch artillery piece [then called a cannon] used by the Confederate forces during the Siege of Vicksburg Mississippi by Union troops March 29 – July 4, 1863. It is now placed about a mile from where it was placed during the battle, on a bluff overlooking the Mississippi River so it could rain firepower down upon Union ironclad gunboats. Vicksburg National Military Park. The cemetery contains graves for 17,000 Union soldiers, so this crucial battle was won at a terribly high price.


Here is the story of the ironclad gunboats and one, the U.S.S. Cairo, that was raised from river bottom to stand in the Park as a reminder of the battle. Books include:


Triumph and Defeat: The Vicksburg Campaign (ed. Terrence J. Winschel, volumes 1 and 2 $16.95 and $29.95 Savas Publishing Co1999 and 2004)


William L. Shea & Terrence J. Winschel, Vicksburg is the Key: The Struggle for the Mississippi River (University of Nebraska Press 2003 paperback Bison Books 2005 $16.95) Texas Tech Library E475.27 S54




Get out of your comfort zone by attending the 12th Annual High Plains Prairie Chicken Festival at Milnesand Prairie Preserve north of Tatum New Mexico and 35 miles south of Portales New Mexico off NM Highway 206 on April 19 – 21, 2013. Cost is $125 per person and is limited to the first 100 people who register. Milnesand Prairie Preserve is a Nature Conservancy property after purchase of the 18,500 acre Creamer Ranch and then adding the 9,200 acre Johnson Ranch. The timing of the event coincides with annual mating activities of these grouse. Birding photographers and other naturalists will enjoy this outing Urbanites who don’t own an RV and don’t want to pitch a tent in what might be thought to be scrub land, could stay in a Portales motel and commute to the Festival, enjoy the meals tours and activities, and scurry back to civilization for an overnight.


In the last century the quantity of prairie chicken has reduced by 97% and they are under great stress. This attempt at preservation and sustenance of natural habitat is critical.





The Krannert Art Museum on the campus of University of Illinois has many interesting exhibits The Giertz Education Center within the museum provides art education materials to aid in appreciation and understanding of art at all levels from pre-school through college




Eddie Huang has done more in his first thirty years than many of us in our actual and three imaginary lifetimes and now the memoir is in print. Fresh Off The Boat: A Memoir (Spiegel & Grau 2013) reviewed by the New York Times He is co-owner with his brother of BaoHaus a Taiwanese street food restaurant at 137 Riverton Street [East Greenwich Village] that made quite a splash and then was closed and reopened at 238 E. 14th Street [at 2nd Avenue] a few blocks north Oh yes, he went to and graduated from law school but is much too frenetic to practice law, preferring to travel internationally and visit restaurants and other eateries to experience culture through food. Yes it’s for his television show on Vice TV on which he is a star, sometimes a crude star. He calls the television shows “Eddie Huang’s genre-bending venture into subculture through the lens of food”. Watch these video clips at your own risk.


The book is praised and available at [until of course Eddie goes into self-publishing and retailing, for yet another venture] $14.44 hardcover $12.99 Kindle.




San Francisco Jazz Center opened, $64 million having been spent, to raves and splendid reviews. A 700 seat Robert N. Milner Concert Hall is the performance space for major events. It is the first in the nation building designed for and devoted to jazz. The opening concert on Wednesday January 23 went well as Bill Cosby acted as emcee.


SF JAZZ is a non-profit organization that annually presents the San Francisco Jazz Festival, and is an education and nurturing organization for jazz in northern California. The address is 201 Franklin Street [at Fell] a block west of Van Ness Avenue. WBGO-FM Newark New Jersey and WWOZ-FM New Orleans Louisiana jazz radio stations broadcast the opening concert live for a national audience.


While jazz is everywhere, San Francisco is now a destination city for jazz performance.


Want to hear some cool jazz on your computer speakers? You can listen until you hear something you want to know more about, and then bring up the monitor and read what you are listening to, by whom, etc. This is commercial-free public radio jazz.




India Pale Ale or IPA beer is the style of ale that English breweries devised in the 19th century after they shipped ale to the colonists in India and it spoiled before arrival. The Brits made their ale more malty, aromatic, and pungently bitter with a blend of hops. American pale ale never had any spoilage issues in contention. It’s usually less bitter, moderately aromatic and hoppy, usually with a single hop rather than a blend of hops.


Texas examples of quality American Pale Ale include Pine Belt Pale Ale by Southern Star Brewing Co of Conroe Texas , and Brewer’s Cut Series Signature Hop Pale Ale by Real Ale Brewing Co of Blanco Texas .




Friends of the Lubbock Public Library is holding its Book Lovers Sale of previously owned books and related items Friday – Saturday February 8 – 9 at the Mahon Library basement downtown 9:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. open to the general public.




Charlotte Keefe wrote and performed her one-woman play If A Door Opens: A Journey With Frances Perkins at the Lubbock Community Theatre January 24- 26. The play was excellent and her performance thrilling. Keefe is a former Lubbock resident now living in Taos New Mexico. The book that inspired her to write this play is Kirstin Downey, The Woman Behind the New Deal: The Life and Legacy of Frances Perkins, Social Security, Unemployment Compensation, and the Minimum Wage (Nan A. Tales/Doubleday 2009) paperback $11.53 Kindle $13.99 at Texas Tech Library HD8073.P38 D69.


Perkins was Secretary of Labor in President Roosevelt’s Cabinet 1933 – 1945. Before that she was a member of the New York Industrial Board and later Director of the New York Labor Board. Afterward she was a Commissioner of the U.S. Civil Service Commission in the Truman Administration, and a professor at Cornell University.




The Tejano Monument is a 275 ton granite and bronze sculpture placed on the Texas Capitol grounds in Austin commemorating the role of Spanish and Mexican explorers and settlers and the advent of the cattle industry in Texas. Armando Hinojosa of Laredo is the sculptor.




Screen Actors Guild [SAG] Annual Awards were made January 27, 2013


  1. Outstanding Performance by a Cast: Argo
  2. Male Actor Leading Role: Daniel Day-Lewis in Lincoln
  3. Female Actor Leading Role: Jennifer Lawrence in Silver Linings Playbook
  4. Male Actor Supporting Role: Tommy Lee Jones in Lincoln
  5. Female Actor Supporting Role: Anne Hathaway in Les Miserables
  6. Television Ensemble Drama: Downton Abbey
  7. Television Ensemble Comedy: Modern Family





Here is a Google Earth way of looking at housing patterns in the built environment when we start with land development by plat, subdivision, and unified contemporaneous design and construction The City of El Paso director of urban planning Carlos Gallinar would have us inquire about the walkability and out of doors activity levels in a designed community. We might ask what adaptions can be made to serve those goals. Would those adaptions actually make the housing more desirable and more marketable?


Smart Code Initiative is what El Paso calls its desire and scheme to make housing communities in that city more livable. Mr. Gallinar recently spoke to a combined meeting of the Lubbock Chapter of American Institute of Architects AIA Lubbock , and West Texas Branch of U.S. Green Building Council . An explanation of Smart Code is The Congress for New Urbanism promotes thinking about and considering approaches like Smart Codes .


The Lubbock Downtown Redevelopment planners are giving this matter serious consideration. Imagine Lubbock Together is a community-based approach toward intentional redesign and redevelopment of the city and area A Vision Summit was recently held .





Inside Llewyn Davis (film 2013) produced by the Coen Brothers Joel and Ethan, doesn’t yet have a buyer or distributor in the USA but it’s been purchased and will first be distributed in France. It’s a story about folk singing in cafes and bars near MacDougal Street in Greenwich Village in 1961, back in the day when young Bob Dylan may have dropped in. Look for it on screens next Fall.